CPWF-NBDC biophysical research: Setup of hydro-meteorological monitoring stations in Jeldu, Diga and Fogera Districts

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Presented by Birhanu Zemadim at the NBDC Stakeholder Forum, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, 5 October 2011.

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CPWF-NBDC biophysical research: Setup of hydro-meteorological monitoring stations in Jeldu, Diga and Fogera Districts

  1. 1. CPWF-NBDC biophysical research Setup of hydro-meteorological monitoring stations in Jeldu, Diga and Fogera District Birhanu Zemadim and the team NBDC Stakeholder Forum 5 October 2011
  2. 2. Research Sites <ul><li>In areas (called “study landscapes”) representing dominant agro-ecological zones and farming systems </li></ul>Fogera: a relatively high potential, market-oriented, rice–based system); Jeldu; a relatively low-potential system with steep agro-ecological gradients Diga/Dapo: a relatively high potential system with poor market access but with high value crops and livestock potential
  3. 3. Hydro-Meteorological equipments installed in the watersheds <ul><li>Soil moisture probes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Volumetric moisture content </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Automatic and manual flow gauges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water level record </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Weather stations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>rainfall, temperature, relative humidity, wind speed and wind direction, solar and net radiation and soil temperature </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ordinary rain gauges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Daily records of rainfall </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ground water monitoring devices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water table heights </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Factors considered for establishing monitoring stations at all watersheds… <ul><li>Land use and land cover conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Catchment slope </li></ul><ul><li>Drainage pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Agronomic conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous knowledge of local climatic pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Catchment boundary and, </li></ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul>
  5. 5. Jeldu District-Meja Watershed <ul><li>AWS </li></ul><ul><li>Five ordinary rain gauges </li></ul><ul><li>Eighteen wells to monitor GW </li></ul><ul><li>Eighteen soil moisture monitoring sites </li></ul><ul><li>Three stream water level recording sites (one automatic and three manual) </li></ul>Data has been collected since July 2011
  6. 6. Diga District-Dapo Watershed <ul><li>AWS </li></ul><ul><li>Four ordinary rain gauges </li></ul><ul><li>Fifteen wells to monitor GW </li></ul><ul><li>Fifteen soil moisture monitoring sites </li></ul><ul><li>Stream water level recording sites (automatic and manual) </li></ul>Data has been collected since middle of August 2011
  7. 7. Fogera District-Mizewa Watershed <ul><li>AWS </li></ul><ul><li>Five ordinary rain gauges </li></ul><ul><li>Ten wells to monitor GW </li></ul><ul><li>Ten soil moisture monitoring sites </li></ul><ul><li>Stream water level recording sites (automatic and manual) </li></ul>Data has been collected since September 2011
  8. 8. GIS map for all monitoring stations will be available soon

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