Review of Policy and Institutional Issues related to Agricultural Water Management Based on report commissioned from Ethio...
National Policies of Relevance  <ul><li>The National Water Policy and Strategy  </li></ul><ul><li>The National Water Secto...
Policy Highlights <ul><li>Emphases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercialization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move from top-down t...
Gaps <ul><li>Integration of water productivity with agricultural productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to recognize and b...
SLM <ul><li>The Ethiopian Strategic Investment Framework for Sustainable Land Management (ESIF/SLM) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Institutional Recommendations <ul><li>Move from “participation”/consultation to community responsibility, empowerment thro...
Recommendations <ul><li>Promote and support community responsibility and collective action to solve their own problems by ...
Recommendations <ul><li>Better integration of poverty and livelihoods concerns with improved NRM </li></ul><ul><li>Create ...
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Review of policy and institutional issues related to agricultural water management

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Presented by Douglas J. Merrey and Tadele Gebreselassie at the NBDC Stakeholder Forum, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, 5 October 2011.

Published in: Technology, Business
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Review of policy and institutional issues related to agricultural water management

  1. 1. Review of Policy and Institutional Issues related to Agricultural Water Management Based on report commissioned from Ethiopian Economics Association and previous Nile 1 study Douglas J. Merrey and Tadele Gebreselassie NBDC Stakeholder Forum 5 October 2011
  2. 2. National Policies of Relevance <ul><li>The National Water Policy and Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>The National Water Sector Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>The Agricultural Development Led Industrialization (ADLI) Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Plan for Accelerated and Sustained Development to End Poverty (PASDEP) </li></ul><ul><li>The Ethiopian Environmental policy (Soil Husbandry and Sustainable Agriculture; Water Resources; Land Use Plan ) </li></ul><ul><li>Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) 2010/11-2014/15 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Policy Highlights <ul><li>Emphases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercialization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move from top-down to participatory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decentralization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Livelihoods improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support for diversification, private initiative of farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watershed management approach </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Gaps <ul><li>Integration of water productivity with agricultural productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to recognize and build on farmers’ knowledge and indigenous practices </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons for failure to adopt practices not well understood </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness, knowledge not sufficient condition for adoption </li></ul><ul><li>Farmer risk aversion in context of binding consumption, financial constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Policy contains positive framework but implementation often lacking </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on ‘blue’ water rather than ‘green’ </li></ul>
  5. 5. SLM <ul><li>The Ethiopian Strategic Investment Framework for Sustainable Land Management (ESIF/SLM) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-sectoral partnerships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated planning framework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land tenure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender and youth </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Institutional Recommendations <ul><li>Move from “participation”/consultation to community responsibility, empowerment through demand-based programs </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen partnerships of farmers, DAs, researchers, other stakeholders to encourage innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Transform performance evaluation of officials from achievements based on targets to assessments & incentives based on clients’ (farmers”) feedback </li></ul>
  7. 7. Recommendations <ul><li>Promote and support community responsibility and collective action to solve their own problems by drawing on and integrating a wide menu of indigenous and introduced technologies. </li></ul><ul><li>Even de-centralized government cannot manage small watersheds – it requires strong community-driven institutional arrangements </li></ul>
  8. 8. Recommendations <ul><li>Better integration of poverty and livelihoods concerns with improved NRM </li></ul><ul><li>Create incentives to promote responsiveness among extension staff to their ‘clients’ (farmers) </li></ul><ul><li>Address short-term as well as long-term productivity goals </li></ul>
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