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Global Drivers - Andes Presentation

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  • Free trade agreements: the clearest case is the export agriculture in the deserts of Peruvian coast. Climate change: vertical moves clearest driver, much clearer than changes in total rainfall, or precipitation patterns
  • Extremely variable conditions People, cities at high and low altitudes …
  • Free trade agreements: the clearest case is the export agriculture in the deserts of Peruvian coast. Climate change: vertical moves clearest driver, much clearer than changes in total rainfall, or precipitation patterns
  • Free trade agreements: the clearest case is the export agriculture in the deserts of Peruvian coast. Climate change: vertical moves clearest driver, much clearer than changes in total rainfall, or precipitation patterns
  • Free trade agreements: the clearest case is the export agriculture in the deserts of Peruvian coast. Climate change: vertical moves clearest driver, much clearer than changes in total rainfall, or precipitation patterns
  • Free trade agreements: the clearest case is the export agriculture in the deserts of Peruvian coast. Climate change: vertical moves clearest driver, much clearer than changes in total rainfall, or precipitation patterns
  • Free trade agreements: the clearest case is the export agriculture in the deserts of Peruvian coast. Climate change: vertical moves clearest driver, much clearer than changes in total rainfall, or precipitation patterns
  • Free trade agreements: the clearest case is the export agriculture in the deserts of Peruvian coast. Climate change: vertical moves clearest driver, much clearer than changes in total rainfall, or precipitation patterns
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  • Transcript

    • 1. Drivers in the Andes Bert De Bievre, Miguel Saravia, Luis Acosta Chiang Mai, september 2011
    • 2. Relevantconditions in Andes
    • 3. Important drivers in Andes
    • 4. Important drivers in Andes (1)Urbanization: drastic increase in urban population, ruralpopulation more or less stable. Causes geographicalconcentration of water demand Source: Presentation “Water Management and Climate Change”, by Axel Dourojeanni, Lima 2010. Source: Estrategia Andina para GIRH, CAN 2010.
    • 5. Important drivers in Andes (2)Free trade agreements boost agroindustry for export, but largedifferences between countries
    • 6. Important drivers in Andes (3)Land degradation: loss of regulation capacity in mountaincatchments Source: Wouter Buytaert, 2010.
    • 7. Important drivers in Andes (3) LAGUNA YANACOCHA UBICACIÓN (Composit 1999) ANTES DE LAS OPERACIONES MINERAS (1992) Proyecto Proye cto Ì Maqu i Ma qui Yanacocha Norte Ì # Ì Proyecto Ì Yanacocha Sur Ì Proyecto Proyecto Pr oyecto CarachugoÌ Cerro Negro La Quinua Ubicación antigua Laguna Yanacocha AHORA (2006) Cajamarca N
    • 8. Important drivers in Andes (3)
    • 9. Important drivers in Andes (4)Climate change: vertical altitudinal moves certain, everythingelse very uncertain
    • 10. Important drivers in Andes (4) Climate change: vertical altitudinal moves certain, everything else very uncertain Región A1B.1039 Región A1B.4069 Pérdida Pérdida 400 Estable Estable 300 Ganancia Ganancia 300 200 200 Area(Km )) 22Area(Km 100 100 0 0 -100 -100 GCr Par PnH PnX BMs BMsd Arb PrP GCr Par PnH PnX BMs BMsd Arb PrP Projected changes in ecosystems area: the higher ecosystems only loose, the lower ones loose and gain (Cuesta et al., 2010)
    • 11. Highlightingsome Responses in Andes
    • 12. Responses (1) Urbanization: focus on catchments supplying water to large cities (e.g. water funds), campaigning for reduction of demand, large infrastructure to bring in water from further away.
    • 13. Responses (2) Agroindustry: Interest for catchment, very recent (!), especially Peru Example: Design of PES in Rio Cañete basin
    • 14. Responses (3) Land degradation: conservation of critical ecosystems (paramo, puna wetlands), in lower areas little response
    • 15. Responses (4) Climate change: adaptation actions Whole lot of projects, governmental at national and local scale, and non-governmental Nothing really new:  Integrated Water Resources Management  Integrated Catchment Management  Typically reforestation with low positive hydrological impact or even negative impact
    • 16. Responses (5) From Payment for Environmental Services to Benefit Sharing:  Inventory shows that few cases in Andes meet criteria to be Payment for Environmental Services  Large variety of Benefit Sharing Mechanisms  Strong resistance to PES in countries like Ecuador and Bolivia, now almost forbidden by law
    • 17. Contacts:bert.debievre@condesan.orgmiguel.saravia@condesan.orgwww.condesan.org

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