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From Research to Development Outcomes in the Volta River Basin (2012)


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  • So for a R4D program, research is not an end itself, it is a means to an end. That is why we have gone all the way to do what we have been doing
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    • 1. From Research to Development Outcome Olufunke Cofie VBDC Annual Science Reflection Workshop 3-5 July, 2012 Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
    • 2. Session Objectives • To recall our research for development approach • To recall our defined outcome targets • To reflect on how to track and document the progress in achieving the set targets Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
    • 3. Recall: Elements of the CPWF R4D • It is not just about doing research, it is research for development – We have defined a development challenge which cut across different sectors; – Designed scientific research projects addressing specific questions in response to the development challenge; – Integrated different disciplines (technical, institutional, policy), organizations (local, national and international) – Defined a wide range of expected outcome (or changes) in a logical form or pathway; – Active engagement of a broad range of stakeholders at different levels in research design and implementation. – Adaptive management Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
    • 4. Why all that? We expected that something would happen: – Contribute to knowledge through our scientific research and publications; for our career progression; for our sustenance – Changes in knowledge, skills and practices of our immediate target stakeholders – Ultimate improvement in the livelihoods of farming communities Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
    • 5. Expected Outcomes Local Farming Communities • • are applying new knowledge and skills for improving rainwater management to enhance crop and livestock productivity are managing small reservoirs effectively, maximizing the benefits from multiple uses. Government Officials at different levels and from relevant ministries are using research results and recommendations for planning, design of RMS and SRs for multiple uses. IWRM Policy Makers & Implementers are using tested participatory approaches in their policy development and implementation for enhanced watershed management. Development Agencies have the knowledge and skills to use our up-scaling decision support tool to better target investments in AWM initiatives in appropriate locations in the Volta basin. Researchers have increased capacity in planning, and implementation of integrated, multidisciplinary research for development projects. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
    • 6. But how do we show it? • What is the benchmark? • Where is the evidence? Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
    • 7. Possible Steps • Define the indicators and benchmark level 1. Do a conscious systematic collection and analysis of information about the progress with the outcome targets (how and when) 2. Analyse and interpret the information in order to know to what extent you are realising the set targets 3. Use it to inform the project implementation (e.g comm & engagement strategies 4. Conclude on the development outcome (link your result to that outcome) so that by the end of 2013 we can conclude on the development outcome of the VBDC or would have identified some triggers that will lead to change – that could be evidence for continuation Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
    • 8. Reflection Questions • • • • Are the defined changes still realistic / valid? How, who and when to measure progress? How would you deal with attribution? What kind of support do you need from V5/CPWF Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
    • 9. Thanks Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
    • 10. • • • • • • • • • Choose one key outcome indicator /each actor State the baseline/benchmark level What are the intermediary stages of getting there How who when to measure Concluding on the development outcome-are you showing cause and effect relationship or correlation (between the absence of your result )? How do you link your result to that outcome – reflect on it. because it is difficult Attribution question example are you now doing things differently-how can we measure the effect of our work on the change we are seeing? Depends on the kind of change. In some cases it is direct measure. In some cases it is by proxy. Need to ask why the change Get them to reflect and see the essence of the M&E and to operationalise some key development outcomes for M&E so that at any forum to present, we can conlcude on the devt outcome of their work That by the end of 2013 we can have some triggers that will lead to change. Why all those models Need to have evidence of the continuation of the project Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
    • 11. Extract from OLM (ToC) Actor(s) who will Change in Practice / change in the same Behaviour way Outcome pathway 1 Public sector at the local, district level: relevant ministries, directorates, decision makers More effective planning of RMS; Policies move away from sectoral towards integrated approaches; Policies create enabling environments for the private sector Change in Knowledge, Attitude and/or Skills required to achieve Practice change Project’s strategies for Research output(s) involved achieving these changes in in change KAS and Practice K: Better understanding of advantages of integrated approach; better understanding of effects of integrated RMS Policy makers and public sector practitioners are engaged in learning alliances, project workshops, and stakeholder consultations; A: Appreciation of participatory approach; recognition of local level knowledge on rainwater management 2d: Targeted recommendations of RMS; 3c: Guidelines for developing integrated solutions; 4a: Learning alliances; 4c: Policy briefs Risks and assumptions It will be possible to engage the public sector out of interest that their targets and agendas can be met through joint action of platforms Policy briefs are sent to the ministries. S: Improved skills in applying tools and guidelines Narrative 1 The public sector mostly operates in a mono-disciplinary way, which impedes synergies between crop, livestock and water management and hinders tackling problems related to the interlinkages between the sectors (e.g. water degradation due to livestock drinking). To reverse this and achieve more effective planning of integrated RMS, this project will improve the 2-way communication with decision makers through (1) involving them in learning alliances and (2) providing access to evidence-based information on RMS. This project will strengthen the skills of the public sector in applying tools and guidelines for developing integrated RMS. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
    • 12. Monitoring plan Main project outcome (Critical Outcome targets changes that are core to project (SMART ) success) Indicator of progress towards outcome target (What will you observe and measure to know change is happening?) Key regional policy and extension officials from ministries of agriculture, livestock and water : Do more effective implementation and dissemination of RMS Number of planning sessions for integrated action plans ; Number of stakeholders attending planning sessions; Presence of a plan Develop regional level integrated RMS action plans or develop RMS integration guidelines document Number and frequency of LA meetings; Number of actors (esp. public officials); participant profiles; Respective RMS issues discussedobserved in Learning Alliance; level of knowledge about RMS Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta How to measure progress towards outcome targets (monitoring the indicators) when how who The starting conditions against which progress will be measured, and how will they be established? (The baseline and the tools and methods you will use to establish it) LA Survey Annually Logbook of learning alliance; Reports from learning alliance; 3. Survey on operations and perceptions of LA every 9 months including at the beginning. INERA