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Framing institutions and policies as processes (V5)

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The focus is on HOW and WHY research and policies are framed rather than on WHAT they entail …

The focus is on HOW and WHY research and policies are framed rather than on WHAT they entail

3 main research questions:
Why do particular policy and intervention models related to agricultural water management emerge, persist and change?
Whose knowledge is included in the policy process and how?
What are the politics of research and policy making in the agricultural water management sector in the Volta Basin?

Is CPWF doing something different and how?

Published in: Business, Travel

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  • 1. V5: Coordination and Change Project Framing institutions and policies as processes CPWF Volta Science Week Ouagadougou 3-5 July 2012 Jean-Philippe Venot, IWMI
  • 2. Objective and Approach The focus is on HOW and WHY research and policies are framed rather than on WHAT they entail 3 main research questions: • Why do particular policy and intervention models related to agricultural water management emerge, persist and change? • Whose knowledge is included in the policy process and how? • What are the politics of research and policy making in the agricultural water management sector in the Volta Basin? Is CPWF doing something different and how?
  • 3. Different steps Diagnosis Characterization Analysis Defining “boundaries” Ideology and Discourse National priorities/strategies Actor’s identification Roles/responsibilities Actors’ network Characterize relationships Explicit Worldviews Legitimacy/accountability Research Trajectory
  • 4. Where are we: topic of study Diagnosis Defining “boundaries” • SWC (V2) • Small reservoirs (V3) • IWRM (V4)
  • 5. Where are we: Discourses Diagnosis Defining “boundaries” Ideology and Discourse Discourses are important because they contribute to establishing what is ‘true’ and what ‘should’ happen. Little change since the 1970s CPWF appropriate the same Demography High population growth High poverty rate, especially in rural areas Growing demand for food Climate/Water Rainfall unreliability + extreme events (droughts/floods) Available but little developed water resources Agricultural system Importance and low productivity of rainfed agricultural systems Vulnerability to limited water stress Low yield and technical potential for improvement Environment Soil erosion and degradation/low soil fertility Resilience and adaptation Socio-economic context Economic importance of agricultural sector Securing land tenure Efficiency
  • 6. Where are we: priorities/strategies Diagnosis Defining “boundaries” Ideology and Discourse National priorities/strategies Early wins/best bets versus diffuse results • Infrastructure investment in drinking water and sanitation • Productive agricultural investments • “Growth pole” (i.e. Bagre in Burkina Faso) • Large public irrigation systems • Modernization/export-crops (pineapple, cocoa, etc.) • Inter-sectoral linkages in Burkina Faso (with the PNSR) • Small scale agricultural water management • BF: On the public agenda but ‘constraints’ on individuals • GH: Not really on the agenda but less constraint on the individuals
  • 7. Different steps: IWRM Actors (BF) Roles/responsibilities Administration Regional representative ‘District’ representative ‘Users’ representative National Actor’s identification River basin Characterization BURKINA FASO Consultative role Central role of the DGRE in facilitating the group Planning role Central role of the NT in facilitating the group Traditional authorities CLE Civil society Not active Research and education • What roles for these actors in SWC/Small reservoirs? • Which other actors in SWC/Small reservoirs?
  • 8. Different steps: IWRM Actors (GH) Roles/responsibilities Woman representative Administration Regional representative ‘District’ representative ‘Users’ representative National Actor’s identification Planning role Central role of administration Absence of MoFA River basin Characterization GHANA Planning role Central role of the basin officer Civil society Traditional authorities Research and education • What roles for these actors in SWC/Small reservoirs? • Which other actors in SWC/Small reservoirs?
  • 9. Different steps: IWRM Actors (BF) Characterization Actor’s identification Roles/responsibilities Legitimacy/accountability How do people come into assuming responsabilities? • In Burkina Faso, strong involvement of private consultants (former civil servants) in policy framing (consultance) • Multi-level interactions follow sectoral hierarchical lines • Lack of linkage between ‘water-institutions’ and agricultural socioprofessional groups • Challenges faced in terms of participation and representativity of users
  • 10. Why small reservoirs continue to exist Discourse coalition Interpretative community

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