Evolution of water users’ knowledge to assess effects of a participatory approach v3 in Boura dam

181
-1

Published on

by W. Daré, K. Napon, F. Jankowski, M. Kaboré and I. Medah
Presented at the Final Volta Basin Development Challenge Science Workshop, September 2013

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
181
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Evolution of water users’ knowledge to assess effects of a participatory approach v3 in Boura dam

  1. 1. Evolution of water users’ knowledge to assess effects of a participatory approach: V3 in Boura dam Daré W., Napon K., Jankowski F., Kaboré M., Medah I. Final Science Meeting, CPWF, Ouagadougou, 17-19 september 2013
  2. 2. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Difficulties to assess the effects of participatory approaches (PA)  “Every evaluation situation is unique” (Patton, 2010, 257) • Variety of participatory approaches • Variety of elements to assess (social context, quality of participation process, objectives v/v results)  Rare interested in the effects (Guérin-Schneider et al., 2010) • Tangible artifacts, • Side-effects (behaviour, attitude, knwoledge)  Multiple dimensions of learning  Time and scale frame specially with adaptive PA? OBJ PART. PROCESS RES PART. PROCESS
  3. 3. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Focus assessment of PA on knowledge  Why Knowledge? • First step of a learning process (Charlot, 1997) • Knowledge are dynamic (circulation & exchange)  Analysis framework Information Knowledge Individual Learning Collective Learning K. about Management of SR Social K. Economical k. Political K. Technical K. K. about the PA Medah, Daré, 2012  Local perceptions elicited
  4. 4. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Methodology and data collected  Elements of the method: field visit, observation of workshop, sociological interviews (t0, t+2months, t+12)  Data collected • Mostly discourse + situated observation • Interviews conducted: 54 x 3 series, users, non users & researchers • Corikab, Tomhositi, Piame, Akaweri, Djamnadi, women groups Other uses : construction, etc domestiques, (briques, lavages, etc) Domestic uses, (briks, cleaning, etc) CORIKAB (Rice) PIAME (Vegetables) TOMHOSITI (Vegetables) NTONKENTIER (Vegetables)
  5. 5. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Results  Technical knowledge • Context - overgrazing of project activities (development & research) - Access to a lot of trainees <= DPA(H) and NGOs • New K about ecology - Link with PA artifacts: water level, red beacon - Ecology of some algae (« Azola ») - Mesh size (1/4 => 4,5 fingers) • New K about « Bad practices » - Cleaning of inputs tins near of the dam - Fertilizers (NPK => urea) - Cultural calendar
  6. 6. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Results  Social and political knowledge • Few • Already organized in farming groups interacting together ( several memberships) • No new K in terms of conflict of uses (farmers vs livestock breeders) • Weak of reporting of representatives to members.  Economical K. : • No effects • Only 1 mention of the Household’s account study (Fusillier)
  7. 7. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Results  K. About the participatory approach • Engagement of participants? - Only the few people directly engaged in the activities know the project - Circulation of knowledge outside of this first circle is weak - Importance of intermediary tools to formalize knowledge ( beacon, ppt, piezometer) • Adaptiveness of the process? - A clear message about the objectives of the V3 but still expectations - Further investigations are needed (last round of researchers interviews tbd)
  8. 8. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Conclusion/discussion  Interest and limits of the analysis framework • Some knowledge seems already translated into practices (mesh size, collective cleaning of infrastructure,…) • Some heuristic interest despite the simplification • Only 1 year results => first one should be improved by more long data collection  Issues at stake • Scaling up of the results outside the 1st circle? • Answer to local expectations in terms of development issues ?
  9. 9. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Thank you

×