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Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO
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Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASO

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CPWF Volta Science Workshop: Management of Small Reservoirs for Multiple Purposes

CPWF Volta Science Workshop: Management of Small Reservoirs for Multiple Purposes

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  • 1. Volta Basin Development Challenge Management of Rainwater and Small  Reservoir for multiple uses 2012 Annual Reflection Meeting Diagnoses, typology of uses and users Boura-BURKINA FASOAdama Traoré
  • 2. Objectives1. Diagnoses2. Typology of uses and users3. Pilot activities4. Participatory modelling (G‐eau) Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 3. Methodology QUESTIONARY Step  1 LOCAL INSTITUTIONS ‐ Agriculture ‐ livestock ‐ Environment ‐ Health ‐ Local collectivity Step 2Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 4. Results…Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 5. Diagnoses 4 users groups 1. Farmers (CORICAB, PIAME, 2 informal groups )2. Livestock 3. Fishermen4. Domestic users Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 6. Typology (users) Farmers (formal groups)1. CORIKAB: since 1989, 300 farmers, 62 ha (0.2 & 0.5  ha/person) , downstream, rice & gardening vegetables , dry  season, gravitionary system on 3 zones2. PIAME: since 2007, 130 farmers, 40 ha (0.12 & 0.5  ha/farmer) right shore, gardening vegetables in dry season  (tomato, onion, eggplant, cabbage, …), motopump irrigation, cereals in rain season. Dry season maize in 2012 Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 7. Typology (users) Agriculture (informal groups)1. Toum’Kiente: informal groups, left shore, 20 ha,  gardening vegetables in dry season,  (tomato, onion) 2. Toum’Hositi: informal groups, left shore, 10 ha (0.12  ha/farmer), legumes in dry season (tomato, onion, …) Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 8. Typology (users) Livestock (extensive)Sedentary livestock: 4 farmers groups, castles, sheep, goat.Transhumant livestock: Castles mainly come from Burkina and Ghana during dry seasonFisher One group (Akawari) Gill net, cast net Fish farming (fixed enclosure,  floating structures) Hook fishing Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 9. Typology (users) Domestic useBrick confectionHousehold (dishes, washing)Others (bikes washing, …)   Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 10. Some difficulties … CORIKAB (rice)Water management for the 3 zones, rate of flow low in 3rdzone (extreme downstream)No communication/collaboration between zonesDamage on irrigation canal I and II (Flood…) Low use of improved varieties + few knowledge of production techniques => low yields, no efficient water useFertilizer supply  Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 11. Some difficulties …PIAME (gardening vegetables) Damage on irrigation installation  (important water flight)  Frequent motopump breakdown Animals damage (no protection) Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 12. Some difficulties …Toum’Hositi and Toum’Kiente (gardening vegetables) No management (manual irrigation) Animals damage (no protection) Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 13. Pilot activitiesRice production/ participatory approachObjective: To introduce news improve varieties, To introduce news technical productionMethodology6 varieties : 3 local (Konkoulamoui, zelemoui, Gongomoui), 3 improved varieties (FKR 56 N, FKR 60 N, FKR 62 N)Production technologies (sowing, irrigation, fertilizer,  Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 14. Typology (uses) CORIKAB and PIAME cases:Cultural superficies, cropsInput: water, seeds, fertilizer, pesticides (herbicide, insecticide), work (plowing, sowing, weeding, irrigation, harvest and beating), productionOutput:  selling Some data for CORIKAB / Classification and ZonAgri No more informations on PIAME and both informal groups Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 15. A ZonAgri Participatory Modelling of  Agricultural Activities and Uses of  Water in Boura (BF) and Binaba (GH)Lorraine RENAUDIN, JC Poussin
  • 16. Overview1/ Methodology2/ Modelling with ZonAgri but how does it work ? (Binaba)3/ What’s about Boura’s situation ?  Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 17. Different steps …Individual surveys Characterization of plot types Plot types  validation with users ZonAgri  modelling ZonAgri model  validation with users Scenarii Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 18. METHODOLOGYAndes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 19. Individual survey (Prices, Labour time, inputs quantities, yield, water  quantity)2 grades according to 3 (Rice) or 4 (gardening vegetable) criteria   Nursery duration   Nitrogen Units   Pest control   Weeds control Different types of plots (grades + Yield level + Plot  location) Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 20. Modelling with ZonAgri But How does it work ?  (Binaba)Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 21. Each plot can be compared to a farming system  in a given geographic region with : Inputs             a  set of production Output                   activities  A given size  a certain sitePlot with a given strength in a certain sector Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 22. 1/ Inputs data Inputs Outputs Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 23. 2/ Outputs data Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 24. 3/ Production unit data  And the quantity of inputs for each type of plot Entering the different types of plot …  According to grades According to the yield levelAndes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 25. 4/ Sites definitionAndes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 26. 5/ “ Plot” definition For each type of plot, one cropping systemAndes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 27. 6/ Sector definition (Right bank and Left bank)7/ Scenarii + Results  Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 28. What’s about Boura situation ? Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 29. Already done …1/ Individual surveys Yields for each type 2/ Beginning of the plot types characterization :  Yield (kg/ha) 6000Corikab 5000 4000 3000 20003/ Plot location characterization (Zone 1, Zone 2,  1000 0Zone 3, upland, lowland) 1,1,0 0,0,0 1,0,0 1,1,0 1,0,1 0,1,0 0,0,1 1,1,1 1,1,0 0,1,1 1,1,0 Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta
  • 30. Thank you for your attention ! Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta

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