CPWF research in the Volta - Volta Basin Development Challenge - a summary

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CPWF research in the Volta - Volta Basin Development Challenge - a summary

CPWF research in the Volta - Volta Basin Development Challenge - a summary

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  • The Challenge Program on Water and Food (CPWF) began its research in the Volta River Basin in 2003. Between 2003 and 2008, twelve independent projects conducted research on a wide range of water and food-related issues. When designing its second round of projects, CPWF decided to limit its focus to one theme and one geographical area. Thus, between 2010 and 2013, CPWF explored the institutional and technical aspects of rainwater management as well as small reservoir development and maintenance in Burkina Faso and northern Ghana. The research has been linked with similar CPWF research projects in the Nile and Limpopo river basins. There are more than 1,700 small reservoirs scattered across Burkina Faso and northern Ghana. Initially, many reservoirs were built as watering holes for cattle, but they have come to serve multiple purposes, providing opportunities for farmers to mitigate the risks of volatile rainfall. Farmers use the reservoirs to help better manage the periods of drought and floods, trying to ensure that water is more consistently available for their crops and animals throughout the year. However, external drivers of change, such as population growth and climate change, are putting pressure on the limited rainwater resources. Improved rainwater management is a necessity for smallholder farmers to intensify their production, i.e., use less water to grow more crops, rear more cattle, or both. That’s why CPWF set out to find ways to strengthen integrated management of rainwater and small reservoirs, so they can be used equitably and for multiple purposes. CPWF has used different research disciplines, partnered with local, national, and international organizations, and operated at the household, community, watershed, and basin levels.
  • R4D starts with things as they are on the ground. Talks to lots of people to find out what’s really going on. Brings together people who have a real stake in the outcome. Facilitates a consensus on potential solutions. And helps people test and evaluate those solutions. R4D is another way of doing research. It tends to result in more sustainable solutions because More heads are better than one.

Transcript

  • 1. A Partner of CPWF Research in the Volta Volta Basin Development Challenge Olufunke Cofie Basin Leader VBDC Final Science Workshop 19 September, 2013 Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
  • 2. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta CPWF set out to find ways to strengthen integrated management of rainwater and small reservoirs, so they can be used equitably and for multiple purposes.
  • 3. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Improving management of rainwater and small reservoirs is a complex problem. It requires: •Continuous engagement with stakeholders •Consideration of multiple views, capacity devt •Finding the lever of change
  • 4. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta CPWF has used the research for development approach − a new way of doing research
  • 5. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Research-based evidence from CPWF indicates that there are still opportunities to support further AWM adoption and adaptation in the Volta basin for improved income and livelihoods Replicating successful agricultural water management interventions in new locations requires consideration of economic, biophysical, institutional, and cultural factors. Key Message (wsr. AWM)
  • 6. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Multi-pronged Evidence • AWM review shows up to 40% of crop area is under SWC • The TAGMI tool offers one way to consider different factors, when targeting agricultural water management interventions. • TAGMI shows areas of high potential for successful out scaling using both social human and biophysical indicators •
  • 7. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Evidence (contd) • The PGIS synthesis in Volta and supported by findings from Limpopo shows that bottom-up analyses are key to the success of AWM interventions: – Technical support including extension /knowledge, material /input and financial – Clear demand from end users – A sense of ownership of intervention
  • 8. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Evidence (contd) • Water modeling in Ghana and Burkina Faso show that small reservoir development will have marginal impact on water flows at the basin level
  • 9. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta • Small reservoirs do clearly promote diversification of activities at local scale. Technical options may increase productivity but access to market constitutes the main bottle-neck in terms of improvement. Policy incentives are equally needed. Message 2 (wsr. AWM)
  • 10. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Message 3 (wsr. AWM) • Trade-offs between agricultural intensification and the health status of aquatic ecosystems have to be thoroughly considered in order to ensure the sustainability of these socio-eco- agro- ecosystems.
  • 11. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Message 4 (wsr. Water governance) • Successful integrated water resources management depends on interactions between multiple actors at different scales, which is often beyond every-day considerations. – The companion modeling-approach is a good framework to highlight interactions between actors and allows for a collective decision-making process to unfold.
  • 12. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta • Collaboration with existing integrated water resources management institutions, such as local water committees, ensures that research can inform national and basin-level knowledge and thinking and encourages sharing of experiences between institutions, development practitioners, researchers, and local stakeholders. Message 4 (wsr. Water governance)
  • 13. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Message 5 (wsr IP) • Innovation platforms provide space for a wide range of stakeholders to exchange knowledge, learn, and develop joint initiatives to solve agricultural development challenges. Successful innovation can only happen when stakeholders have a sustained interest in working together to acquire new knowledge and find solutions; the research community cannot bring about innovation on its own.
  • 14. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Message 5 (wsr IP) • Livelihood options and indigenous experiences shape the ways farmers manage rainwater. Changing water management practices, and making them more productive, requires joint learning as well as technical, institutional, and policy support.
  • 15. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Message 6 (wsr R4D) Decrease in influence by the research team Impacts and consequences Changes in practice (outcomes) Influence on decision maker KAS Other information sources and influences Strategies for engagement Strategies for innovation Strategies for Problem definition Learning & re-design of innovation Learning & problem re- definition limited influence Someinfluence R4D takes time and resources and must be supported long enough for innovations to emerge and be evaluated
  • 16. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta How can CPWF research be used in the Volta River Basin? What concrete opportunities to use VBDC research? What could be the next steps? In conclusion
  • 17. Andes • Ganges • Limpopo • Mekong • Nile • Volta Thanks www.volta.waterandfood.org