10 years of research for development through engagement with the rural poor

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Presented at the Africa Agriculture Science week in Accra, Ghana on July 17th 2013, during CPWF's side event ‘Engagement platforms for food and water security: opportunities to harness innovation to improve livelihoods and resilience in Africa’

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10 years of research for development through engagement with the rural poor

  1. 1. 10 years of research for development through engagement with the rural poor Alain Vidal, Director CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food
  2. 2. Niger Water, food and poverty analyzed in 10 basins 1.5 billion people 50% of the poorest < 1.25US$/day
  3. 3. There is enough water to meet our needs, it’s how we manage it ! Sustainable intensification  Beyond a focus on productivity  Income and ecosystem services Equitable sharing of benefits from water  Finding balanced solutions Institutional water management  A holistic approach to avoid fragmentation among actors Addressed through basin-focused research programs addressing a major development issue in each basin
  4. 4. Policy dialogues, stakeholders engagement, outcomes and impact Research…  evidence-based to deeply understand complex and even wicked problems  development challenges of relevance to those living in a basin and target interventions or solutions… through engagement and learning processes… where stakeholder behavior is influenced and outcomes achieved  Engaged and informed stakeholders themselves choose to change practice because they perceive as to their own advantage
  5. 5. Outcomes stories
  6. 6. Engagement platforms… out of Africa MEKONG GANGES ANDES
  7. 7. Mekong: Hydropower and livelihoods Techniques, land and water uses identified that can increase benefits available to riparian communities Fish-rice systems Artificial wetlands in reservoirs Add value for both dam builders and communities Dialogue processes identifying institutional weaknesses and providing solutions
  8. 8. Ganges: Sustainable intensification of polders… is almost all about engagement Lots of viable cropping systems possible with crop diversification, fish and shrimp But it’s all about water control ! Need for political changes at national and local levels Canal maintenance and management Shifting from rice monoculture Rice Shrimp Upper threshold limit of salinity - Rice Date Watersalinity(ppt) Lower threshold limit of salinity - ShrimDaily water salinity
  9. 9. Andes: Benefit-sharing mechanisms …with an engine S Annual net income: 2,183/ha Annual net income: US$ 1,870/ha Conservation agriculture and paramo restoration supported by revolving fund Farmers‘ insufficient gain and risk aversion Revolving fund credit: +180 farmers /year Potato cropping, grazing pressure, degradation of paramo
  10. 10. No impact without engagement Enhanced resilience requires engagement  Combined technical and institutional innovations prevent social-ecological systems from moving to undesired state when shocked Social learning process leads to innovation at different levels : project, basin, and global Self sustaining innovation - not inventions bringing about new things - dealing differently with a problem  « Africans solve African problems »
  11. 11. Thank you a.vidal@cgiar.org www.waterandfood.org www.slideshare.net/cpwf

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