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COMPANION MODELING IN GHANA: Objectives, Processes and first Results

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Sub - Basin Management and Governance of Rainwater and Small Reservoirs

Sub - Basin Management and Governance of Rainwater and Small Reservoirs

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  • 1. V4: Sub‐basin management and governance  of rainwater and small reservoirs COMPANION MODELING IN GHANA:  Objectives, Processes and first ResultsCPWF Volta Science WeekOuagadougou3‐5 July 2012 Aaron Bundi ADUNA ‐ WRC
  • 2. The Volta Basin Challenge (VBDC) Adapt and further develop an integrated  approach towards the management of  rainwater and small reservoirs for multiple  usesAs a way to • Contribute to poverty reduction • Improve livelihoods • Enhance resilience (adaptability)  • Ensure sustainability
  • 3. Components of the VBDC Study• V1 Targeting and Scaling Out• V2 Integrated Management of Rainwater for Crop‐ Livestock Agro‐ecosystems• V3 Integrated Management of Small Reservoirs for Multiple Uses• V4 Sub‐basin Management and Governance of Rainwater and Small Reservoirs• V5 Coordination and Learning for Adaptive Management and Change
  • 4. V4 Study Area Bawku West District Zongoyiri Widnaba Binaba INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF WATER  RESSOURCES Poverty alleviation Enhance livelihoods Environmental sustainabilityNafkolga Limited conflictsBinduriBansiBawku Municipality V4 project team
  • 5. Water Resources Management Issues WRM issues are very diversified and complex in  nature. They may be but not limited to the ff: • Thematic in nature: Biodiversity, Water, Forest,  Agriculture, Livestock, Peri‐urban area, etc.  • Social Dynamics: Market, Credit, Migration,  institution building, learning, Dialogue, Conflict. • Geographical
  • 6. Companion Modeling• An interactive process facilitated by models used as  mediating tools to support dialogue, shared learning &  collective decision‐making. • The modeling and simulation activities are driven by end  users interest • Uses conceptual models, role‐playing games, and agent‐ based simulators in an iterative way to represent how  competing natural resource uses/users could be  coordinated and to search for acceptable collective  solutions through scenario assessment.
  • 7. Objectives• Stakeholders learn together by creating,  modifying, observing and assessing  simulations. • Identify evolving knowledge, perceptions,  behavior, and practices along the process• How it translates to the development of  collective action plans and better  mobilization to implement them. 
  • 8. Objectives Cont’d• To address governance “questions” along the main White Volta  River and find locally relevant answers to: Uncoordinated management  Competing use of land and water resources Potential conflicts among users Environmental threats (floods, droughts, pollution, etc.)• To establish necessary linkages between Science (Knowledge base) and policy (Institutional) Theory (Management principles & national policies) and  Practice (local priorities, stakeholder consultation)
  • 9. Engagement of Visionary Team of Experts     (VToE)   • VToE: (Local Government, Environment,  Agriculture, Academia/Research and NGO.) • Guide the V4 team in its study(Rainbow  Framework). • Identify   ’tricky’ areas in the participatory  approach • Knowledge gathering on institutional and legal  arrangements in Water and Natural Resource  Management.
  • 10. Rainbow FrameworkDeveloped from engagement with VToE to guide in the ff:• Identification of Actors/Stakeholders• Stakeholder roles/interventions• Required Capacity of Stakeholder • Capacity  needs ( who provides?)• Methods/Tools needed for effective engagement of  relevant stakeholders
  • 11. Community and District level Engagement• Field visit and Interaction with Community  elders and Waterusers.• Interaction with political and administrative  heads of decentralised organisations• Presentation of Project to General Assembly  meetings (Bawku Municipal and Bawku‐ West District ) 
  • 12. Engagement Levels/Process Regional Level Institutions Other Nat. res.       Municipal/District  User group Assembly Water User  association Chiefs & Land  OwnersTechnical  BasinServices Management Farmers and  (WVBB) herdsmenNGOs and Civil SocietyTraditional  Women’s GroupsAuthorities Research(V4)
  • 13. Second EngagementThree day workshop Organised• Day1: Engaging Community Level participnats:  Assembly members, Crop and livestock  farmers,Traditional Authorities, Women  representatives, Local level Tech. Service • Day 2: District Level Participants : Public Sector,  Farmers, Traditional Rulers, NGO.• Day 3: Regional Level Participants: Public  Sector, Farmers, Traditional Rulers, NGO.
  • 14. Results from Second EngagementEach group produced its version of:• Natural resource map• Identified and mapped critical Issues relating to water and  other natural resources• Identified  potential Interventions and/or Regulations to  deal with the undesirable.• Identified erosion and flooding as key issues
  • 15. Third EngagementAnother Three day workshop Organised• Day1: Engaging Community Level participnats:  Assembly members, Crop and livestock  farmers,Traditional Authorities, Women  representatives, Local level Tech. Service • Day 2: District Level Participants : Public Sector,  Farmers, Traditional Rulers, NGO.• Day 3: Regional Level Participants: Public  Sector, Farmers, Traditional Rulers, NGO.
  • 16. Results from Third EngagementEach group :• Refined its Natural resource map• Refined its map on natural resource Issue maps• Refined  potential Interventions and/or Regulations to deal  with the undesirable.• Proposed Institutional Arrangements for interventions and  regulations• Identified Farming/other water use practices and their  impact on water resources and the environment
  • 17. Next Step• All levels of Participants (Community, District  and Regional) to discuss their results and  proposed interventions.
  • 18. THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION