COMPANION MODELING IN GHANA: Objectives, Processes and first Results
V4: Sub‐basin management and governance of rainwater and small reservoirs COMPANION MODELING IN GHANA: Objectives, Processes and first ResultsCPWF Volta Science WeekOuagadougou3‐5 July 2012 Aaron Bundi ADUNA ‐ WRC
The Volta Basin Challenge (VBDC) Adapt and further develop an integrated approach towards the management of rainwater and small reservoirs for multiple usesAs a way to • Contribute to poverty reduction • Improve livelihoods • Enhance resilience (adaptability) • Ensure sustainability
Components of the VBDC Study• V1 Targeting and Scaling Out• V2 Integrated Management of Rainwater for Crop‐ Livestock Agro‐ecosystems• V3 Integrated Management of Small Reservoirs for Multiple Uses• V4 Sub‐basin Management and Governance of Rainwater and Small Reservoirs• V5 Coordination and Learning for Adaptive Management and Change
V4 Study Area Bawku West District Zongoyiri Widnaba Binaba INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF WATER RESSOURCES Poverty alleviation Enhance livelihoods Environmental sustainabilityNafkolga Limited conflictsBinduriBansiBawku Municipality V4 project team
Water Resources Management Issues WRM issues are very diversified and complex in nature. They may be but not limited to the ff: • Thematic in nature: Biodiversity, Water, Forest, Agriculture, Livestock, Peri‐urban area, etc. • Social Dynamics: Market, Credit, Migration, institution building, learning, Dialogue, Conflict. • Geographical
Companion Modeling• An interactive process facilitated by models used as mediating tools to support dialogue, shared learning & collective decision‐making. • The modeling and simulation activities are driven by end users interest • Uses conceptual models, role‐playing games, and agent‐ based simulators in an iterative way to represent how competing natural resource uses/users could be coordinated and to search for acceptable collective solutions through scenario assessment.
Objectives• Stakeholders learn together by creating, modifying, observing and assessing simulations. • Identify evolving knowledge, perceptions, behavior, and practices along the process• How it translates to the development of collective action plans and better mobilization to implement them.
Objectives Cont’d• To address governance “questions” along the main White Volta River and find locally relevant answers to: Uncoordinated management Competing use of land and water resources Potential conflicts among users Environmental threats (floods, droughts, pollution, etc.)• To establish necessary linkages between Science (Knowledge base) and policy (Institutional) Theory (Management principles & national policies) and Practice (local priorities, stakeholder consultation)
Engagement of Visionary Team of Experts (VToE) • VToE: (Local Government, Environment, Agriculture, Academia/Research and NGO.) • Guide the V4 team in its study(Rainbow Framework). • Identify ’tricky’ areas in the participatory approach • Knowledge gathering on institutional and legal arrangements in Water and Natural Resource Management.
Rainbow FrameworkDeveloped from engagement with VToE to guide in the ff:• Identification of Actors/Stakeholders• Stakeholder roles/interventions• Required Capacity of Stakeholder • Capacity needs ( who provides?)• Methods/Tools needed for effective engagement of relevant stakeholders
Community and District level Engagement• Field visit and Interaction with Community elders and Waterusers.• Interaction with political and administrative heads of decentralised organisations• Presentation of Project to General Assembly meetings (Bawku Municipal and Bawku‐ West District )
Engagement Levels/Process Regional Level Institutions Other Nat. res. Municipal/District User group Assembly Water User association Chiefs & Land OwnersTechnical BasinServices Management Farmers and (WVBB) herdsmenNGOs and Civil SocietyTraditional Women’s GroupsAuthorities Research(V4)
Second EngagementThree day workshop Organised• Day1: Engaging Community Level participnats: Assembly members, Crop and livestock farmers,Traditional Authorities, Women representatives, Local level Tech. Service • Day 2: District Level Participants : Public Sector, Farmers, Traditional Rulers, NGO.• Day 3: Regional Level Participants: Public Sector, Farmers, Traditional Rulers, NGO.
Results from Second EngagementEach group produced its version of:• Natural resource map• Identified and mapped critical Issues relating to water and other natural resources• Identified potential Interventions and/or Regulations to deal with the undesirable.• Identified erosion and flooding as key issues
Third EngagementAnother Three day workshop Organised• Day1: Engaging Community Level participnats: Assembly members, Crop and livestock farmers,Traditional Authorities, Women representatives, Local level Tech. Service • Day 2: District Level Participants : Public Sector, Farmers, Traditional Rulers, NGO.• Day 3: Regional Level Participants: Public Sector, Farmers, Traditional Rulers, NGO.
Results from Third EngagementEach group :• Refined its Natural resource map• Refined its map on natural resource Issue maps• Refined potential Interventions and/or Regulations to deal with the undesirable.• Proposed Institutional Arrangements for interventions and regulations• Identified Farming/other water use practices and their impact on water resources and the environment
Next Step• All levels of Participants (Community, District and Regional) to discuss their results and proposed interventions.