Companion Modeling in Ghana: Objectives, Processes, First Results
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Companion Modeling in Ghana: Objectives, Processes, First Results Presentation Transcript

  • 1. V4: Sub-basin management and governance of rainwater and small reservoirs COMPANION MODELING IN GHANA: Objectives, Processes and first Results CPWF Volta Science Week Ouagadougou 3-5 July 2012 Aaron Bundi ADUNA - WRC
  • 2. The Volta Basin Challenge (VBDC) Adapt and further develop an integrated approach towards the management of rainwater and small reservoirs for multiple uses As a way to • Contribute to poverty reduction • Improve livelihoods • Enhance resilience (adaptability) • Ensure sustainability
  • 3. Components of the VBDC Study • V1 Targeting and Scaling Out • V2 Integrated Management of Rainwater for CropLivestock Agro-ecosystems • V3 Integrated Management of Small Reservoirs for Multiple Uses • V4 Sub-basin Management and Governance of Rainwater and Small Reservoirs • V5 Coordination and Learning for Adaptive Management and Change
  • 4. V4 Study Area Bawku West District Nafkolga Binduri Bansi Bawku Municipality Zongoyiri Widnaba Binaba INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF WATER RESSOURCES Poverty alleviation Enhance livelihoods Environmental sustainability Limited conflicts V4 project team
  • 5. Water Resources Management Issues WRM issues are very diversified and complex in nature. They may be but not limited to the ff: • Thematic in nature: Biodiversity, Water, Forest, Agriculture, Livestock, Pe ri-urban area, etc. • Social Dynamics: Market, Credit, Migration, institution building, learning, Dialogue, Conflict. • Geographical
  • 6. Companion Modeling • An interactive process facilitated by models used as mediating tools to support dialogue, shared learning & collective decision-making. • The modeling and simulation activities are driven by end users interest • Uses conceptual models, role-playing games, and agentbased simulators in an iterative way to represent how competing natural resource uses/users could be coordinated and to search for acceptable collective solutions through scenario assessment.
  • 7. Objectives • Stakeholders learn together by creating, modifying, observing and assessing simulations. • Identify evolving knowledge, perceptions, behavior, and practices along the process • How it translates to the development of collective action plans and better mobilization to implement them.
  • 8. Objectives Cont’d • To address governance “questions” along the main White Volta River and find locally relevant answers to:  Uncoordinated management  Competing use of land and water resources  Potential conflicts among users  Environmental threats (floods, droughts, pollution, etc.) • To establish necessary linkages between  Science (Knowledge base) and policy (Institutional)  Theory (Management principles & national policies) and Practice (local priorities, stakeholder consultation)
  • 9. Engagement of Visionary Team of Experts (VToE) • VToE: (Local Government, Environment, Agriculture, Academia/Research and NGO.) • Guide the V4 team in its study(Rainbow Framework). • Identify ’tricky’ areas in the participatory approach • Knowledge gathering on institutional and legal arrangements in Water and Natural Resource Management.
  • 10. Rainbow Framework Developed from engagement with VToE to guide in the ff: • Identification of Actors/Stakeholders • Stakeholder roles/interventions • Required Capacity of Stakeholder • Capacity needs ( who provides?) • Methods/Tools needed for effective engagement of relevant stakeholders
  • 11. Community and District level Engagement • Field visit and Interaction with Community elders and Waterusers. • Interaction with political and administrative heads of decentralised organisations • Presentation of Project to General Assembly meetings (Bawku Municipal and BawkuWest District )
  • 12. Engagement Levels/Process Regional Level Institutions Municipal/District Assembly Technical Services Basin Management (WVBB) Other Nat. res. User group Water User association Chiefs & Land Owners Farmers and herdsmen NGOs and Civil Society Traditional Authorities Research(V4) Women’s Groups
  • 13. Second Engagement Three day workshop Organised • Day1: Engaging Community Level participnats: Assembly members, Crop and livestock farmers,Traditional Authorities, Women representatives, Local level Tech. Service • Day 2: District Level Participants : Public Sector, Farmers, Traditional Rulers, NGO. • Day 3: Regional Level Participants: Public Sector, Farmers, Traditional Rulers, NGO.
  • 14. Results from Second Engagement Each group produced its version of: • Natural resource map • Identified and mapped critical Issues relating to water and other natural resources • Identified potential Interventions and/or Regulations to deal with the undesirable. • Identified erosion and flooding as key issues
  • 15. Third Engagement Another Three day workshop Organised • Day1: Engaging Community Level participnats: Assembly members, Crop and livestock farmers,Traditional Authorities, Women representatives, Local level Tech. Service • Day 2: District Level Participants : Public Sector, Farmers, Traditional Rulers, NGO. • Day 3: Regional Level Participants: Public Sector, Farmers, Traditional Rulers, NGO.
  • 16. Results from Third Engagement Each group : • Refined its Natural resource map • Refined its map on natural resource Issue maps • Refined potential Interventions and/or Regulations to deal with the undesirable. • Proposed Institutional Arrangements for interventions and regulations • Identified Farming/other water use practices and their impact on water resources and the environment
  • 17. Next Step • All levels of Participants (Community, District and Regional) to discuss their results and proposed interventions.
  • 18. THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION