Community Based Fish Culture &
Integrated Floodplain Management –
implications and opportunities for adoption
in sub-polde...
Inland Open and Closed Water Resources of Bangladesh
River &
Estuaries ,
22%
Beel , 3%
Kaptai Lake
2%Floodplain ,
69%
Pond...
Floodplain Fisheries in Bangladesh
• Undervalued but provide essential source of food,
income and livelihoods of millions ...
Floodplain fisheries in Bangladesh – important
source of fish for household consumption and
livelihoods of the poor
PN35: CBFC in seasonal floodplains in
Bangladesh – fingerling stocking
PN35: CBFC - Good Harvest 2-3 folds higher than
baseline production based on natural productivity
within 5-7 months
PN35: CBFC in seasonal floodplains – ensure
employment of poor fishers and other poor people
Problems encountered in implementing CBFC
in seasonal floodplains
Increased fish production and income but
discontinuation...
Community Based Integrated Floodplain
Management (IFM)
Reduced
irrigation water
demand
Cropping
pattern
management
Sluice ...
RiU PN35: WLE supported CBFC & IFM in
Floodplains in Bangladesh
o Enhanced overall productivity - develop effective stocki...
RiU PN35: CBFC and IFM in 10 Focal and 47 Outreach Sites
CBFC and IFM in Floodplains – Interventions brought
significant increase in production of small fish
o Stocked 528.5 kg mo...
Production of small fish (kg) from floodplains
under CBFC & IFM in 2012 and 2013
487 593
1076
2884
4171
1547
3087
5619
0
1...
Production of small fish (in kg) from floodplains
under CBFC & IFM in 2012 and 2013 from Kalmina
Beel Floodplain in Fulbar...
CBFC and IFM in Floodplains – fish harvest from
Kola Beel Floodplain in Bagmara, Rajshahi
CBFC & IFM in Floodplains – presence of aquatic weeds
supporting production of small fish darkina (micronutrient
rich fish...
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Community Based Fish Culture & Integrated Floodplain Management – implications and opportunities for adoption in sub-polder productivity improvement

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by Benoy Kumar Barman. At Ganges Regional Research Workshop of the Challenge Program on Water and Food/Water Land and Ecosystems (CPWF/WLE), May 2014

Published in: Environment, Business, Technology
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Community Based Fish Culture & Integrated Floodplain Management – implications and opportunities for adoption in sub-polder productivity improvement

  1. 1. Community Based Fish Culture & Integrated Floodplain Management – implications and opportunities for adoption in sub-polder productivity improvement Benoy Kumar Barman WorldFish, Bangladesh and South Asia
  2. 2. Inland Open and Closed Water Resources of Bangladesh River & Estuaries , 22% Beel , 3% Kaptai Lake 2%Floodplain , 69% Pond 48% Seasonal water, 16% Oxbow lake, 1% Shrimp farm 35% Inland Water: 4.7 m ha; open water 3.9 m ha (84%), closed water 0.77 million ha (16%) Contribution in total fish production: inland open water 29.34% and closed water 52.92%
  3. 3. Floodplain Fisheries in Bangladesh • Undervalued but provide essential source of food, income and livelihoods of millions of people • Conversion for drainage, flood control, agriculture, changes in nature, grabbing • Latest trends conversion of floodplains to use for aquaculture like closed waters: o it increases fish production and income o but floodplain ecosystem is under stress with loss in diversity of wild fish, other aquatic animals and plants and ecosystem services o loss of access and benefits of the poor
  4. 4. Floodplain fisheries in Bangladesh – important source of fish for household consumption and livelihoods of the poor
  5. 5. PN35: CBFC in seasonal floodplains in Bangladesh – fingerling stocking
  6. 6. PN35: CBFC - Good Harvest 2-3 folds higher than baseline production based on natural productivity within 5-7 months
  7. 7. PN35: CBFC in seasonal floodplains – ensure employment of poor fishers and other poor people
  8. 8. Problems encountered in implementing CBFC in seasonal floodplains Increased fish production and income but discontinuation of the activities largely related to Governance  Dominance of the Leader  Inequity in distribution of benefits  Lack of transparency in investment and distribution of income  Mistrust among the members and local DoF with the leader  Poor coordination of Leader with other members Managing Committee of the CBO
  9. 9. Community Based Integrated Floodplain Management (IFM) Reduced irrigation water demand Cropping pattern management Sluice Gate Management More water during dry season Connections during fish migration Aquatic resources mngt & conservation
  10. 10. RiU PN35: WLE supported CBFC & IFM in Floodplains in Bangladesh o Enhanced overall productivity - develop effective stocking strategies of fish fingerlings, linkage with hatchery, fish seed traders and DoF o Develop strategies for increased production of natural fish and other aquatic animals and plants, stocked fish, agriculture, water use for irrigation o Improved agrobiodversity - the ecosystem functions restored and maintained following many of the principles restoration ecology, mmultiple uses and diversity in use of resources with increased resilience o Income, household nutrition, children education o Ensured access and benefits of the poor, fishers, landless, indigenous people (Adivasi) as member of the CBOs o Good governance – CBOs, managing committees, participatory decision making, democratic, transparent management, responsive leadership, strengthen the CBOs to make it sustainable, extensive sharing with others by organizing workshop and exchange visits
  11. 11. RiU PN35: CBFC and IFM in 10 Focal and 47 Outreach Sites
  12. 12. CBFC and IFM in Floodplains – Interventions brought significant increase in production of small fish o Stocked 528.5 kg mola @ 1kg/ha broodfish total harvest of small fish 19,293 kg (mola and other species of small fish) o Contribution of small fish in total fish production 16% in 2012 increased to 29 % in 2013. o Contribution of small fish in total income 36% in 2013 Note: All small fish produced largely sold in the local market but large amount of carps sold in Dhaka. Significant improvement in fish consumption especially small fish by the HH members and local consumers
  13. 13. Production of small fish (kg) from floodplains under CBFC & IFM in 2012 and 2013 487 593 1076 2884 4171 1547 3087 5619 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 Kola Khosal Kalmina Kokradoba Yr 2012 Yr 2013
  14. 14. Production of small fish (in kg) from floodplains under CBFC & IFM in 2012 and 2013 from Kalmina Beel Floodplain in Fulbaria, Mymensingh (35ha) 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 Yr 2012 Yr 2013
  15. 15. CBFC and IFM in Floodplains – fish harvest from Kola Beel Floodplain in Bagmara, Rajshahi
  16. 16. CBFC & IFM in Floodplains – presence of aquatic weeds supporting production of small fish darkina (micronutrient rich fish), puti, chingri more in Khosal Beel Floodplain in 2013

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