Baseline research on livelihoods and RWM planning, implementation & innovation
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Baseline research on livelihoods and RWM planning, implementation & innovation

on

  • 588 views

Presented by Josie Tucker (ODI) at the Nile Basin Development Challenge Science and Reflection Workshop, Addis Ababa, 4-6 May 2011.

Presented by Josie Tucker (ODI) at the Nile Basin Development Challenge Science and Reflection Workshop, Addis Ababa, 4-6 May 2011.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
588
Views on SlideShare
588
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

CC Attribution License

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Baseline research on livelihoods and RWM planning, implementation & innovation Baseline research on livelihoods and RWM planning, implementation & innovation Presentation Transcript

  • Baseline research on livelihoods and RWM planning, implementation & innovationJosie Tucker, ODI
    Nile Basin Development ChallengeScience and Reflection WorkshopAddis Ababa, 4-6 May 2011
  • Introducing Study Sites
    Three research sites have been selected:
    • Diga:
    • Arjo – Lowland
    • Bikila – Midland
    • Gudissa – Highland
    • Lelisa Dimitu – Highland
    • Adugna – Highland
    • Fogera:
    • Shaga – Lowland
    • Kokit – Lowland
    • Diba-Sifatira – Midland
    • Wej-Arba Amba – Highland
    • Alem-Ber – Highland
    • Jeldu
  • Data Collection Activities
    Research training by ILRI, IWMI, ODI in Nov 2010
    In two of the three sites, data collection has been undertaken beginning March 07, 2011
    • March 7, 2011 – Diga research site
    • March 13, 2011 – Fogera research site
    A team of researchers from ILRI and IWMI visited each research site and joined research teams in launching the data collection
    Another visit to each of the two research sites was made by the consultant to see the progress of the data collection
    At this stage, 95% of the data collection is completed in the 2 sites
    The Fogera team has submitted preliminary results of the livelihood data
  • Significant issues: Diga (Bikila kebele)
    Food insecurity is a major concern – majority of HH cannot support their families throughout the year:
    • Termite infestation damaging crops
    • Presence of baboons in large numbers destroying crops
    • Soil erosion is a serious problem - rugged landscape & steep slopes
    • Limited use of extension inputs – fertilizers and seeds
    • Limited opportunity for diversification of income sources
    • Land issues have not been given due attention – some people own more land and the landless constitute up to 30% of the households
    • Some parts of the kebele are suitable for irrigation but farmers complained about shortage of labor due to children attending school
    Pressing issues include RWM aspects, but there are other serious factors affecting food security which will limit benefits of improved RWM.
  • Significant issues: Fogera
    Food security has improved in recent years because of:
    • New irrrigation (government and traditional)
    • Introduction of cash crops e.g. rice, onions
    But some problems:
    • Overproduction of onions and tomatoes
    • Conflicts over irrigation water
    Irrigation has reduced land available for grazing. HHs have reduced livestock number and cattle are increasingly reliant on crop residue
    Some farmers practice retreat cultivation.
    Farmers report that the situation has been changing very fast in recent years, with new production methods being introduced. For example SWC currently being implemented.
  • Preliminary findings: RWM planning & implementation
    • RWM planning is based on a top-down quota system... with some perverse incentives affecting woreda officials and DAs
    • Woreda offices have an incentive to increase woreda targets to win resources, leading to pressure on implementaters at kebele level
    • DAs’ performance assessment is based on how far targets are met --> limited opportunity / incentive to innovate or listen to farmers.
    • Farmers report that they have very little say in where and how RWM is implemented, and some feel that government imposes on them.
  • Questions for discussion
    • How can NBDC support more flexible and participatory implementation of RWM, and support innovation, given that the planning process seems to be top-down and rigid?
    • How can CPWF take account of the rapidly changing situation in some woredas in its models?
    • How will CPWF deal with pressing local issues which may be outside the remit of RWM but which are likely to constrain adoption or benefits of RWM?