0
An Ethnographic Examination of

Innovations
in the VBDC
Karen Greenough, PhD
V5 Coordination & Change
Social Anthropologis...
Contents



Who am I?
Why ethnographic
innovation research?



Ethnographic methodology



Some anthropological princi...
Who am I?

I joined the Peace Corps in
1985 ... ... and I’ve lived off and
on in Niger for 15+ years ...

living in
villag...
Why Innovation Research?
Why Ethnography?


Because “Management” said so?



Because Funke decided that “ethnography” so...
Why Innovation Research?
Why Ethnography?


This understanding by experience
leads to a unique form of story-telling:


...
Methodology:
Gathering Data


Talking to people





In-depth interviews
Surveys: semi-structured &
structured
Convers...
Methodology: Analysis


Coding



Statistics



Networks



Maps



Charting: e.g. household budgets

Goats
Sheep
Cow...
Some Anthropological Principles


Cultural Relativity
~ what people believe and do
makes sense within their culture ~


...
Scientific Research on/with
People:

Rigor & Validity




People can only tell us what
they know
Their information will ...
Scientific Research on/with People:

Rigor & Validity




Some of the information that we
obtain may be some of the trut...
What does this have to do with …

Innovation Research in the VBDC


To carry out rigorous research & collect valid data:
...
What is innovation?


Someone takes information and/or technology and …



Changes their practices
Creates something ne...
How do we find innovation?

Rigor & Validity


Careful interviewing







Talking to people individually,
where they...
Will we find innovations?



Null hypothesis?
Assume that they are out there?

Opportunities


There are many project
s...
Where are we?


So far we know who many of
you are and what you do …


Background information on all
of the projects

...
Where we want to go …






Interviews with team
researchers at all levels
Interviews with key
stakeholders
Observation...
Where we hope
to end up





A story about change and
innovation as a result of
VBDC research & interventions
More than...
Thank you! Merci!
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

An Ethnographic Examination of Innovations in the VBDC

278

Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
278
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "An Ethnographic Examination of Innovations in the VBDC"

  1. 1. An Ethnographic Examination of Innovations in the VBDC Karen Greenough, PhD V5 Coordination & Change Social Anthropologist
  2. 2. Contents   Who am I? Why ethnographic innovation research?  Ethnographic methodology  Some anthropological principles  What does this have to do with Innovation Research?  What is innovation and how do we find it?  Will we find innovations?  Where are we?  Where do we want to go?  Where we hope to end up …
  3. 3. Who am I? I joined the Peace Corps in 1985 ... ... and I’ve lived off and on in Niger for 15+ years ... living in villages, on the range, and conducting ethnographic research.
  4. 4. Why Innovation Research? Why Ethnography?  Because “Management” said so?  Because Funke decided that “ethnography” sounded good?  http://aloxecorton.wordpress Through ethnographic methodology, the researcher understands another “life world” by experiencing that world together with the research subjects. http://stirling.kent.ac.uk
  5. 5. Why Innovation Research? Why Ethnography?  This understanding by experience leads to a unique form of story-telling:  Narrative structure  http://aloxecorton.wordpress Native point of view (researcher, villager, extension agent) …  With information about the ethnographer’s position, relationships to subjects, etc.  Focus on everyday life as lived in real time  Context and background in terms of the literature, history, theory, etc. Adapted from Carole McGranahan’s Savage Minds blog post, 31May 2012 End goal: A story of VBDC research and innovation that encompasses the whole program. http://stirling.kent.ac.uk
  6. 6. Methodology: Gathering Data  Talking to people    In-depth interviews Surveys: semi-structured & structured Conversations  Gathering histories  Participation-Observation  Mapping  Participatory Methodology  Reading  Documentation
  7. 7. Methodology: Analysis  Coding  Statistics  Networks  Maps  Charting: e.g. household budgets Goats Sheep Cows Bulls Donkeys Camels Chickens 1 5 6 1 7 1 10 5 2 4 3 1 1 1 7 6 2 2 3 2 15 20 1 6 1 0 3 4 6 3 15 2 1 0 14 39 19 29 11 1 1 6 6 2 1 0 1 50 50 20 3 5 4 7 2 4 3 2 10 16 5 4 3 2 40 40 34 1 4 1 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 2 1 2 4 3 7 1 3 4 0 0 0 5 2 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 2 3 0 0 1 0 2 0 1 4 6 4 0 4 2 2 0 0 1 2 1 2 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 2 nd daughter Eldest daughter Eldest son (~7) Wife T 12 7 13 1 11 0 0 Husband Youngest son (~5) Eldest son (~8) Youngest daughter (~12) Oldest daughter (~15) Wife T 46 42 43 43 35 27 1 1 7 8 1 1 3 3 Yahaya AVE Exclusive Pastoralists Kk (N= 19) Eldest son 2nd Wife 1st Wife T 78 75 25 3 7 0 2 Nuhu Great grand son Great grand son Grandson 2nd Wife 1st Wife Mohamedou T AVE Mobile Cultivators (N=88) 2nd Son Eldest son Wife T 19 19 11 2 8 1 10 Bashir 2nd Son Eldest son's wife (~22) Eldest son ~25) 2nd Wife 1st Wife Abdou Depends on the research: research question, data collected, results obtained, and the presentation desired 1 0 1 0 1 T 10 9 8 0 7 0 0
  8. 8. Some Anthropological Principles  Cultural Relativity ~ what people believe and do makes sense within their culture ~  Holistic Approach ~ looking at as much of the whole picture as possible ~  Processual Perspective ~ examining the evolution – changes over time – of artifacts, practices, societies, cultures ~  Entrée ~ becoming mutually familiar with research subjects so that they are comfortable enough to tell what they know ~
  9. 9. Scientific Research on/with People: Rigor & Validity   People can only tell us what they know Their information will be limited by (at least):  what questions we ask  how we ask/present the questions    the amount of time they have to answer those questions the people who are around them when they are asked the questions They may also, for various reasons   give us only answers that they think we want to hear and/or purposely mislead us
  10. 10. Scientific Research on/with People: Rigor & Validity   Some of the information that we obtain may be some of the truth; none of it will be the whole truth. To obtain more complete data we triangulate: ~ gather data from different sources, using different methods ~   We probe for more and better data We constantly question the data that we’ve collected.
  11. 11. What does this have to do with … Innovation Research in the VBDC  To carry out rigorous research & collect valid data:     Interviews: semi-structured Conversations Reading: reports, etc. Participation-Observation      Researchers’ work   Meetings & workshops Stakeholders’ work Charting and networking : e.g. data on stakeholders Mapping Documentation Most of this must be carried out “in the field”
  12. 12. What is innovation?  Someone takes information and/or technology and …   Changes their practices Creates something new:      New practice New technology New organization What does innovation mean to you? How do we find innovation?    Talking to people: local stakeholders, researchers, research partners at all levels Observing & participating in (experiencing) practices Talking to more people
  13. 13. How do we find innovation? Rigor & Validity  Careful interviewing     Talking to people individually, where they feel comfortable Using a translator who is not part of the project Probing Triangulation     Seeing what people are talking about Participation when possible Talking to other people: Verifying information Understanding the context, background & history    Reports, papers Meetings/workshops Asking about village histories
  14. 14. Will we find innovations?   Null hypothesis? Assume that they are out there? Opportunities  There are many project sites and stakeholders    Challenges  There are many project sites and stakeholders Many places to look Many people to talk to Most people like to talk about and show their project or livelihood work      Too many places Too many people All widely dispersed Need entrée Will people stretch the truth?
  15. 15. Where are we?  So far we know who many of you are and what you do …  Background information on all of the projects     Limited information on stakeholders       Proposals & semi-annual reports Some activity reports Observation & limited participation at meetings/workshops Many questions remaining, e.g.: Who are they all? How are they linked to project partners? How do you define “end user”, “next user”, “boundary partner”? Entrée with some local researchers But we have a long way to go …
  16. 16. Where we want to go …    Interviews with team researchers at all levels Interviews with key stakeholders Observation-participation:      Seeing and “experiencing” various project interventions Conversations Measuring, mapping & documentation Next spring, possible innovation workshops with key stakeholders from different levels Analysis & writing  Need help from project leaders and researchers        Conversations Identifying key project stakeholders at all levels for further investigation Entrée to key stakeholders Participation-observation of project work Activity reports … more! Information about possible innovations Corrections, filling holes, etc.
  17. 17. Where we hope to end up    A story about change and innovation as a result of VBDC research & interventions More than a “Most Significant Change Story” An analysis of the process of particular changes and innovations:       What happened where? Who was involved? How did the change or innovation come about? Why did it come about? How does it correlate with past and current changes happening in the same milieu? What does it mean for the future?
  18. 18. Thank you! Merci!
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×