Changing Practices of Local State wrt Sanitation (by Prof Amita Bhide)

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Presentations from the National Conference on Social Innovation for Improving Urban Sanitation: Lessons for Scaling-up, 14 December 2016.

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Changing Practices of Local State wrt Sanitation (by Prof Amita Bhide)

  1. 1. Changing Practices of Local State wrt Sanitation Affirming Equity and Justice? Amita Bhide
  2. 2. Local State • Critical to provision of sanitation • Historically structured around ‘public health’ • Sweeping, collection of waste from public areas/streets, transport and disposal of waste, sewage and drainage networks • Part of revenue expenditure, largely on human power
  3. 3. Exclusion through Services • Non universal citizenship of non propertied inhabitants • Exclusion of ‘encroachments’ ‘illegals’ • Extension of infrastructure on ‘humanitarian’ basis in the 1970s at ‘public’ points • ‘Maintenance’ an unresolved issue, few waste collection points, very infrequent collection • Creates a situation where those who generate the least waste are forced to live with waste,and bear the maximum impacts
  4. 4. Inclusion Through Workers? • Invitation to workers of particular caste groups • Incentive in the form of housing • Opportunity to ‘future’ generations while perpetuating forms of waste work • Expanding work force in the organised sector while at the lowest rung • Opportunity to mobilise • A ladder where employees of local state at higher levels with controls over those unable to access the same
  5. 5. Expanding Reach of Services? • Are contemporary schemes about universal access? • Is sanitation seen as a right? • Who is excluded? Why are they excluded? • What is the level/quality of services being extended? • Who extends the services? • Does this change the relationship with the state?
  6. 6. SANITATION IN TRANSIT CAMP MAHARASHTRA NAGAR TRANSIT CAMP OF MAHARASHTRA NAGAR BACK
  7. 7. Emerging Work Practices • Changes in basic work definitions by state • Restrictions on total quantum of employment • Threats to housing and other benefits to organised employees • Emergent sites served through varied forms of non state employers- NGOs, contractors, CBOs • Working conditions, wages of these workers • Race to bottom?
  8. 8. On innovation • Brought in new actors , new thoughts and models • BUT • Highly limited by own interests and positions • AND • Cumulatively resulted in undermining universality of citizenship and work culture
  9. 9. Some Imperatives • Complex and contradictory nature of waste work • improvement of working terms, conditions across the board a non negotiable • Universal service model a must • A renegotiation of responsibilities of all citizens -generator does not just pay but also has a duty to recycle and scientific disposal; recyclers benefit

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