Introduction makes the case that youth in development are both youth who are transitioning through the developmental stages outlined in the 2007 World Bank report as well as actors in the development of their communities and countries. Better understanding of and attention to biological, cultural and social dimensions of youth will improve youth outcomes as well as the achievement of development objectives. We also define youth as those young people from 10 – 29 to draw attention to the critical years of early adolescence, and recognizing that some countries define youth as up to (and in some cases beyond) age 35. It is an attempt to recognize the continuum of adolescent and youth development, especially in light of new research on brain development, and the phase of emerging adulthood (ages 25 – 29) where investments in employment, family formation and civic participation are also important.
The Policy makes the case why it is critically important for USAID to address the challenges facing youth– but more importantly to capitalize on the opportunity of youth as innovators, entrepreneurs, professionals and advocates to help many of the countries where USAID works to set the stage for the demographic dividend by addressing youth under and unemployment, and improving youth employability skills, addressing gender gaps in education, reaching hard-to reach youth and improving the quality of education; addressing the fact that while child mortality has declined by 80% in the past 50 years, adolescent mortality has flatlined so there is a better need to more broadly understand and address adolescent morbidity and mortality and finally recognize and address the impact of physical insecurity and violence on young people as well as the fact that engaging young people in creating safe environments – homes, schools, neighborhoods and jobs and better engaging youth in the political process can have tremendous payoff.
M& E : age disaggregated data and youth indicators, for example Agency coordination– an Agency Coordinator or advisor, point persons within bureaus, offices and missions, better coordination/collaboration in the development of tools, resources, action plans, and policy implementation, collaboration among other USG agencies, and youth participation and engagement across agency
1. USAID Policy onYouth In DevelopmentOctober 2012
2. Outline of the PolicyI. Introduction: Youth In Development; Whoare YouthII. Challenges and Opportunity: A GlobalSnapshotIII. Goals and Objectives; Applying SelectivityIV. Achieving Objective 1: Framework andPrinciplesV. Achieving Objective 2: Tactics toMainstream and IntegrateVI. Agency Roles and CoordinationVII.Conclusion and Annexes
3. Challenges and Opportunities in Youth• Realizing a Demographic Dividend• Youth Economic Opportunity• Youth Learning• Youth Health• Youth and Peace and Security
4. Policy GoalUSAID will improve the capacities andenable the aspirations of youth so thatthey can contribute to and benefit frommore stable, democratic, andprosperous communities and nations.
5. Policy objectives1. Strengthen youth programming,participation and partnership in supportof Agency development objectives.2. Mainstream and integrate youth issuesand engage young people acrossAgency initiatives and operations.
6. Outcomes among Youth• Youth are better able to access economic andsocial opportunities, share in economic growth,live healthy lives, and contribute to household,community, and national well-being.• Youth are empowered to participate in buildingpeaceful and democratic societies and are lessinvolved in youth gangs, criminal networks, andinsurgent organizations.• Youth have a stronger voice in, and are betterserved by, local and national institutions, withmore robust and youth-friendly policies.
7. Achieving Objective One:Conceptual FrameworkSupport Meeting basic youth developmental needs and valuingtheir contributionsProtect Preventing and responding to violence, exploitation,abuse and neglect; and ensuring young people aresafe and cared forPrepare Building youth competencies and skills needed tobecome informed, healthy and productive citizensEngage Creating channels for dialogue and participation toenable youth to contribute to their own and theircommunities’ development
8. • Recognize youth participation as vital• Invest in assets and resilience• Account for differences and commonalities• Create second chances• Involve and support mentors, family, andcommunities• Pursue gender equality• Embrace youth innovation and technologyAchieving Objective One:Guiding Principles
9. Achieving Objective Two•Mainstream youth into core initiatives•Integrate youth issues and participation throughoutthe design and development of programs•Expand support for local youth-led and youth-serving organizations•Strengthen the capacity of local governments andministries to address youth•Improving monitoring, research and evaluation•Agency Roles and Coordination
10. Policy available at:http://transition.usaid.gov/our_work/po