Investing in theYoungest:ECCD in EmergenciesHanna Jamal, Plan International USACORE Group Spring MeetingApril 25th, 2013Ha...
Plan’s Approach to ECCDPlan’s Approach to ECCD- Rights based, child-centered andcommunity-led- Guided by the FourCornersto...
ECECCCDD• Emphasis on thecare• Strengthencapacity ofparents, othercaregivers andcommunitymembers as theycreate theprotecti...
ECCD in EmergenciesECCD in Emergencies- providesimmediate, lifesaving, multi-sectoral supportfor youngchildren fromconcept...
Advocacy & Program SupportAdvocacy & Program Support• Advocacy report targetinggovernments, donoragencies, and generalpubl...
Critical Actions by SectorCritical Actions by Sector
Case Study: NigerCase Study: Niger• Supported formation of mother’sgroups using ‘model mothers’• Supported health workers ...
ECCD Through Different PhasesECCD Through Different PhasesDisaster RiskReduction &Preparedness•Identify suppliers for item...
““The Big Blue Bag”The Big Blue Bag”
Building on Local CapacityBuilding on Local Capacity
Supporting Young Children withSupporting Young Children withDisabilitiesDisabilitiesPreparednessCollect information abouty...
Plan Haiti & PAZAPAPlan Haiti & PAZAPA• Partnership before &after Haiti earthquakeand cholera outbreak• Research onemergen...
SummarySummary• ECCD in emergencies saves lives andfutures!• Protects children from physical,psychological, cognitive and ...
Thank YouThank Youhttp://plan-international.org/about-plan/resources/publications/emergencies
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Investing in the Youngest: ECCD in Emergencies_Hanna Jamal_4.25.13

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  • Want to talk for a minute about that extra “C” in ECCD. We hear ECD and ECCD often used interchangeably, I think we’re all talking about essentially the same thing. But at Plan we sort of insist on using that extra C in ECCD put extra emphasis on the aspect of Care in child development. Borrowing from Bronfenbrenner’s theory of Ecological Systemsl child development takes place in a series of nested ‘systems’ from the individual to the family, school, community, and so early childhood programming has to look at child development from the perspective of strengthening capacity or caregivers and community members to provide a protective environment for children. Especially important in circumstances where that environment might be broken down or weakened therefore making children even more vulnerable; communities affected by HIV/AIDS, conflict, natural hazards. Focus on vulnerable and marginalized children: Reference work in East Africa?
  • Want to talk for a minute about that extra “C” in ECCD. We hear ECD and ECCD often used interchangeably, I think we’re all talking about essentially the same thing. But at Plan we sort of insist on using that extra C in ECCD put extra emphasis on the aspect of Care in child development. Borrowing from Bronfenbrenner’s theory of Ecological Systemsl child development takes place in a series of nested ‘systems’ from the individual to the family, school, community, and so early childhood programming has to look at child development from the perspective of strengthening capacity or caregivers and community members to provide a protective environment for children. Especially important in circumstances where that environment might be broken down or weakened therefore making children even more vulnerable; communities affected by HIV/AIDS, conflict, natural hazards. Focus on vulnerable and marginalized children: Reference work in East Africa?
  • When disasters stirke, children can be separated from their family, lose their support structures, suffer abuse and neglect. Further, children may not get basic services such as sufficient nutrition, health, and learning opportunities. - Can be life saving by providing nutritious food, health care, shelter, and psychosocial support in a safe and nurturing environment - Emergencies can heighten stress that children experience which has long lasting effects on their development - Most emergencies last 3 months to 1 year or more: Children develop so quickly so even temporary disruption of ECCD can push a child’s development back and negatively affect investments and efforts made before the emergency When disasters stirke, children can be separated from their family, lose their support structures, suffer abuse and neglect. Further, children may not get basic services such as sufficient nutrition, health, and learning opportunities.
  • Ensure locally available materials – toy making workshop
  • Ensure locally available materials – toy making workshop
  • Ensure locally available materials – toy making workshop
  • Investing in the Youngest: ECCD in Emergencies_Hanna Jamal_4.25.13

    1. 1. Investing in theYoungest:ECCD in EmergenciesHanna Jamal, Plan International USACORE Group Spring MeetingApril 25th, 2013Hanna.Jamal@planusa.org
    2. 2. Plan’s Approach to ECCDPlan’s Approach to ECCD- Rights based, child-centered andcommunity-led- Guided by the FourCornerstones *GlobalConsultative Group onEarly Childhood Careand Development1. Start at thebeginning2. Provide newopportunities fordiscovery andlearning3. Make schools readyfor children4. Address policies onECCD
    3. 3. ECECCCDD• Emphasis on thecare• Strengthencapacity ofparents, othercaregivers andcommunitymembers as theycreate theprotectiveenvironment forchildren.
    4. 4. ECCD in EmergenciesECCD in Emergencies- providesimmediate, lifesaving, multi-sectoral supportfor youngchildren fromconception to 8years.- should besupported by allsectorsChildren in emergencies suffer from extreme neglect,both physically and emotionally.Psychosocial Support is Key!
    5. 5. Advocacy & Program SupportAdvocacy & Program Support• Advocacy report targetinggovernments, donoragencies, and generalpublic• Program guide forimplementing staff• Organized by sector,phase of theemergency, andtarget group• Builds on existingtools and resources
    6. 6. Critical Actions by SectorCritical Actions by Sector
    7. 7. Case Study: NigerCase Study: Niger• Supported formation of mother’sgroups using ‘model mothers’• Supported health workers to carry-out regular monitoring ofchildren’s growth
    8. 8. ECCD Through Different PhasesECCD Through Different PhasesDisaster RiskReduction &Preparedness•Identify suppliers for itemsneeded for young children inemergencies•Stockpile essential medicines,first aid kits, hygiene kits, andECCD materials for play andlearning•Identify safe places in thecommunities for possiblerelocation of ECCD centers, healthposts, preschools, and primaryPromoting resiliencethrough Tales of Disaster(Plan Philippines)
    9. 9. ““The Big Blue Bag”The Big Blue Bag”
    10. 10. Building on Local CapacityBuilding on Local Capacity
    11. 11. Supporting Young Children withSupporting Young Children withDisabilitiesDisabilitiesPreparednessCollect information aboutyoung children withdisabilities in disasterprone areasDevelop contingencyplans with health clinicsand disability serviceprovidersOffer guidance onpreparedness actions toparents and families ofResponseInclude disability questionsin rapid assessmentsInclude young children w/disabilities in communityplay groups & temporarylearning centers;encourage joint activitieswhere all childrenparticipateRecruit extra volunteers &caregivers in areas withhigh numbers of childrenwith disabilitiesRecoveryWork with disabled people’sorganizations, parentgroups, & communityactivists to advocate fordisability to be included ingov’t policiesFacilitate participation ofchildren w/ disabilities andtheir families in activitiessuch as awareness raising,needs assessments, M&E,etcEnsure sustained access toservices for families ofchildren with disabilities
    12. 12. Plan Haiti & PAZAPAPlan Haiti & PAZAPA• Partnership before &after Haiti earthquakeand cholera outbreak• Research onemergencies &children withdisabilities• Situation of childrenwith pre-existingdisabilities notablyabsent from disasterresponse evaluationsin Haiti
    13. 13. SummarySummary• ECCD in emergencies saves lives andfutures!• Protects children from physical,psychological, cognitive and socio-emotional harm• Creates new opportunities for vulnerablegroups i.e girls, children with disabilities• Must be supported by all sectors
    14. 14. Thank YouThank Youhttp://plan-international.org/about-plan/resources/publications/emergencies
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