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Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14
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Engaging Civil Society_Roma Solomon_5.9.14

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  • Can watch dogs become partners not just followers of instructions like pet dogs wagging their tails?
  • People, or their opinions or perceptions completely left out
  • Civil society is not from Mars! It is us and most of us fall into the definition – even a government bureaucrat is a parent!
  • To put out the fires
  • Transcript

    • 1. Global Health Practitioner Conference Silver Spring, 9 May 2014 Dr. Roma Solomon
    • 2. Individuals and organizations independent of the government
    • 3. Civil society includes… Activist groups Civic groups Clubs (sports, social, etc.) CBOs & FBOs Environmental groupsNGOs PVOs Policy institutions Professional associations Political parties Social enterprises Trade unions Non-Profit Organisations (NPOs) Academia Charities Cooperatives Men’s /Women’s groups Consumers
    • 4. How are we perceived?? Watch Dogs/Pet dogs? Activists/Champions of rights? Fault finders?
    • 5. How do we perceive ourselves? • Backbenchers ? • Loud campaigners / Belligerent activists? • Champions of the underdog ? • Hesitant Do-gooders ? • Spies & fault finders? • Anti government ?
    • 6. Credible Equal partners with a supporting attitude Technically sound and armed with data Action oriented Innovators What should be our perception?
    • 7. Why should Civil Society be engaged? Civil Society is usually understood as the social arena that exists between the state and the individual or household * Though it lacks the coercive or regulatory power of the state and the economic power of the market, it provides the social power or influence of ordinary people. This social power/capital is our USP * WHO Discussion Paper Dec. 2001
    • 8. Key features of civil society organizations • Articulating citizens' interests and demands • Defending rights • Providing goods and services directly.
    • 9. Civil society & Government Expectations from each other? • Is only the government expected to be accountable? • Mutual respect for each others’ experience and potential to make efforts, complementary • Ability to see eye to eye and recognizing each others’ limitations
    • 10. CSOs provides excellent laboratories for pioneering new methods and strategies in a relatively efficacious and cost-effective manner. They combine the spread and reach of government with depth and flexibility - the ideal method for achieving development objectives. Potential of civil society
    • 11. Harnessing this Potential An Example The India Polio Programme
    • 12. • Government – Prime implementers • WHO - Technical support & surveillance • Rotary International – Advocacy & Funding • Unicef & CORE– Communication & Social mobilization The Polio Partnership
    • 13. What was the need to engage civil society? • Children were being missed • Rumours were spreading • Resistance was building up
    • 14. Understanding of community needs • Communities were being taken for granted • Communication was prescriptive • Baggage of “We know what is good for you” unloaded • Timing as per vaccinators’ convenience • It was NOT positioned as a peoples program
    • 15. • Community/leaders/institutions did not believe in the program • It was not a priority for families • Suspicions about the vaccine • Trust deficit between government & community Identification of Barriers
    • 16. Overcoming these Barriers
    • 17. Lessons we Learnt!
    • 18. • The key - Equal partnership! • NO blame game • Timely response – put out smaller fires before they spread • Give facts
    • 19. http://youtu.be/6wzatF6TiHI Workers need to be equipped with knowledge and the ability to transfer this knowledge to others Knowledge leads to change in attitude and behaviour
    • 20. Capacities of front line staff were built to analyse resistance and develop ‘Negotiation' approaches Shift from instructive to negotiation approach
    • 21. Identification and engagement of influencers – children, priests, local healers, barbers, ration shop owners, film stars, cricketers, etc
    • 22. • Strategies were tailor made for various audiences • Special initiatives kept the program exciting & alive for implementers & caregivers
    • 23. Involvement of religious & other community leaders • Religious institutions engaged to handle communication with specific groups • Each query was heard & responded to with facts • Burning issues were tackled immediately
    • 24. Religious scholars were able to counter negative propaganda against immunization based on their interpretation of the Quran and Hadees
    • 25. Importance of Data • Data collection and compilation • Recording & documentation of successes and failures. All led to a strong MIS that supported planning and implementation of effective activities
    • 26. 27th March 2014 Declaration of A Polio-Free India
    • 27. Sharing lessons with other CORE Group Polio Project countries Nigeria, S. Sudan, Angola, Ethiopia & Horn of Africa Support in communication strategies, disease surveillance, IEC material, M&E systems, mHealth, etc
    • 28. Using the Polio Legacy to improve Routine Immunisation • Shoring up Routine Immunisation alongside polio • Microplanning • Identifying High-risk groups and tracking unimmunised children • Capacity building of frontline workers
    • 29. Recognition at last!! Traditionally CSOs have provided services to the underserved but are usually left out of policy making and planning. GAVI formed a CSO Constituency Providing a seat on the Board not only gave recognition but also paved the way to the engagement of CSOs in other health programmes
    • 30. GAVI’s Strategic Goal 2 Strengthening health systems to deliver immunisation Under this goal, GAVI provided an umbrella grant to the Steering Committee of the GAVI CSO constituency. CRS was nominated as the fund manager and national level CSO platforms were formed in 23 countries for effective engagement in health systems strengthening and immunisation.
    • 31. WORKING TOGETHER WORKS!

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