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The scientific side of chocolate

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Chocolate and oxytocin

Chocolate and oxytocin

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    The scientific side of chocolate The scientific side of chocolate Presentation Transcript

    • The Scientific Side of Chocolate
      By Kathryn Stanley
    • Why do we
      associate chocolatewith Valentine’s Day?
    • 1.
      2.
      3.
    • What is oxytocin?
      Released during:
      Sexual activity
      Maternity
      High fives and hugs
      Certain looks, smells, etc.
      Yields feelings of love, empathy, trust
    • Oxytocin and Love:Trust and Empathy
      In this study, participants were shown images of frightening faces and scenes. Those who had been administered oxytocin show less brain activity in the part of the brain that processes fear. Oxytocin promotes trust.
    • Oxytocin and Love:Relationships
    • Oxytocin and Love:Relationships
      Prairie voles study
    • Oxytocin and Love:Maternal Behavior
    • Oxytocin and chocolate
      Chocolate contains phenylethylamine (PEA), which stimulates the release of oxytocin
    • Oxytocin and chocolate
      When we love someone, oxytocin is released and binds to the same receptors as the ones where addictive drugs act
      When we eat chocolate, oxytocin is released and binds to these same receptors
    • References
      Broadfoot, Marla V. (May-June 2002). “High On Fidelity”. American Scientist, 90(3), 1. Retrieved from http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/pub/high-on-fidelity.
      Dopierala, Linda (1999 February). “Love, Neurochemistry, and Chocolate: A Word From Cupid”. Retrieved from http://www.cosmopolitan.co.uk/chatroom/topic/44288.
      Kirsh et al. (2005, November). “Oxytocin Modulates Neural Circuitry for Social Cognition and Fear in Humans”. Journal of Neuroscience, 25(49), 11489-11493. Retrieved from http://www.jneurosci.org/cgi/content/abstract/25/49/11489.
      Medina, John J. (2008 August). “Oxytocin and the Bottom Line”. Retrieved from http://www.psychiatrictimes.com/display/article/10168/1171230?verify=0