Chapter 3: Nonverbal communication

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Presentation created by Andi Narvaez for COMM 107 - Oral Communication: Principles and Practice

University of Maryland

Source: Communication: A Social and Career Focus by Berko, Wolvin & Wolvin

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Chapter 3: Nonverbal communication

  1. 1. Wakerupper
  2. 2. SECRET WORD <ul><li>MC Hammer </li></ul>
  3. 3. CHAPTER 3 Nonverbal Communication
  4. 4. Yes. I did. I thought the parts on kinesics and proxemics were especially interesting.
  5. 5. You just think she’s not saying anything right now <ul><li>65 percent of communication is carried nonverbally </li></ul><ul><li>All those messages that people exchange beyond the words themselves is nonverbal communication </li></ul>
  6. 7. Three characteristics <ul><li>Sensitive to the relationship between sender and receiver </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning is based on the context </li></ul><ul><li>Part of, not separate from, verbal communication </li></ul>
  7. 8. Sources <ul><li>Neurological programs (reflexive) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blinking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sweaty palms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cultural and intercultural behavior (reflective) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Modeling your surroundings from infancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultures are persistent </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Relationships between verbal and nonverbal communication
  9. 10. Relationships between verbal and nonverbal communication
  10. 11. Relationships between verbal and nonverbal communication
  11. 12. Relationships between verbal and nonverbal communication
  12. 13. Relationships between verbal and nonverbal communication
  13. 14. Categories of nonverbal communication
  14. 15. Categories of nonverbal communication <ul><li>Kinesics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fascics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ocalics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gestics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Haptics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Posture, walk and stance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Artifacts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physical characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Proxemics </li></ul><ul><li>Paravocalics </li></ul><ul><li>Chronemics </li></ul><ul><li>Olfatics </li></ul><ul><li>Aesthetics </li></ul><ul><li>Gustorics </li></ul>
  15. 16. Categories of nonverbal communication <ul><li>Kinesics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fascics </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. Categories of nonverbal communication <ul><li>Kinesics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ocalics </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Categories of nonverbal communication <ul><li>Kinesics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gestics (speech independent vs. related) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emblems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Illustrators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Affect displays </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regulators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adapters </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Categories of nonverbal communication <ul><li>Kinesics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Haptics </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Categories of nonverbal communication <ul><li>Kinesics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Posture, walk, stance </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Categories of nonverbal communication <ul><li>Kinesics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Artifacts </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Categories of nonverbal communication <ul><li>Physical characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Halo vs. Devil effect </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. Categories of nonverbal communication <ul><li>Proxemics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact vs. non-contact cultures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space distances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public distance: 12’ – 25’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social: 4’ – 12’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personal: 18” – 4’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intimate: 18” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small group ecology </li></ul></ul>
  23. 24. Categories of nonverbal communication <ul><li>Paravocalics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volume </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pitch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pause </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stress </li></ul></ul>
  24. 25. Categories of nonverbal communication <ul><li>Chronemics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Circular time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Linear time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Informal time </li></ul></ul>
  25. 26. Categories of nonverbal communication <ul><li>Olfatics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blindness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Memory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overload </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discrimination </li></ul></ul>
  26. 27. Categories of nonverbal communication <ul><li>Aesthetics </li></ul>
  27. 28. Categories of nonverbal communication <ul><li>Gustorics </li></ul>

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