Opening Up an Open University

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  • Open enrollment – doors openFree - $0 Fair dealingCreative Commons
  • Online surveySelf reportOther limitations
  • DEFINITELY DOUBLE COUNTING HERE
  • - High degree of alignment of factors; relative balance among factors- Will help inform strategies to increase use, creation
  • Inspired by TUDelft in a workshop on Online learning and the future of Engineering Education, 16 September 2013 (Delft University of Technology), largest and oldest public technical university in the Netherlands Image – Venn diagramOpen enrollmentCC imageFair dealing
  • Increased availability. Student access to materials at the beginning of the course (immediately available online)Ease of use – online and Portable.Quality issue – Bliss et al. 2013b indicated that
  • Your suggestions for how we can further open up our open university…
  • Opening Up an Open University

    1. 1. The future of learning.
    2. 2. • Features of an open university • AU survey on OER • AU case – Degrees of openness • Benefits of Open Education • Potential challenges • What’s next?
    3. 3. • • • • • • • • • Open registration OER Open source software Creative Commons Fair dealing Free or less expensive Other?
    4. 4. • • • • • Use of OER Creation of OER All course development staff Baseline data on perspectives, awareness Published in IRRODL (October 2013)
    5. 5. Role Count % Full Time Faculty Member 53 34 Tutor 22 14 Member of Course Development Team 11 7 Other 11 7 Production Staff Member 4 2 Administrator 4 2
    6. 6. Type of OER Combined % Count Scholarly Journal Access 72 65 Video 68 62 Images 65 59 Textbooks 65 59 Audio 62 56
    7. 7. Online Distance Open Online Distance Course materials Not always free Online exam system No assessments Online assignment submission No assignments Enrolled students only Wide exposure through OCW sites or LORs Bachelors, Master & Doctoral No credentialing Degrees, diplomas & certificates No accredited certificate for OCW Interaction with faculty No interaction with faculty
    8. 8. • • • • • • Open admissions Open registration Continuous enrollment Challenge for credit PLAR Less restrictive
    9. 9. • • • • • • Moodle GeoGebra elgg (The Landing) Mahara Alfresco Etc.
    10. 10. • • • • AU Press Open courseware (ocw.athabascau.ca) Open access policy for researchers Digital content repository (auspace.athabascau.ca) • OERu
    11. 11. • Low learner persistence in distance online learning • To enhance motivation, engagement – Learning activities approach – Opportunity for growth in information literacy – Practical way to enrich learner experience • Philosophical commitment to all things open • UNESCO/COL Chair in OER
    12. 12. • In-house development of courses and individual learning enhancements – Learning tree • Adapting existing OER – MIT OCW – OER Commons – Saylor Foundation – Public Health Image Library (PHIL)
    13. 13. • Lower cost (Bliss, Hilton, Wiley & Thanos, 2013a; Tait, 2013) • Knowledge sharing (Olcott, 2012) • More learner-centred (Conole & Ehlers, 2010; Livingston & Condie, 2006) • Increased availability of resources (Bliss Robinson, Hilton & Wiley, 2013b) • Ease of use (Petrides et al., 2011) • Social inclusion (Nikoi & Armellini, 2012; Tait, 2013) • Greater learner engagement (Bliss et al., 2013b) • Increased participation (Murphy, 2013)
    14. 14. • • • • • • • • • Lack of skills and time needed to adapt open educational materials (Andrade et al. 2011; Bliss et al., 2013b; Murphy, 2013) Problems with technology (Bliss et al., 2013b) Quality & suitability of OERs (Brent, Gibbs & Gruszczynska, 2012; Andrade et al., 2011) Accessibility of resources (Hockings, Brett & Terentjevs, 2012) Lack of awareness of OERs (Bossu et al., 2012a, 2012b, Rolfe, 2012) Language issues (Richter & McPherson, 2012) Conflict between open education philosophy and traditional university (Brent et al., 2012; Friesen, 2009) Lack of sustained investment in infrastructure & human resources (D’Antoni, 2008; European Commission, 2013; Wiley, 2006) Other?
    15. 15. • • • •
    16. 16. • • • Andrade, A., Ehlers, U.D., Caine, A. Carneiro, R., Conole, G., Kairamo, A.K., … Holmberb, C. (2011). Beyond OER: Shifting focus to open educational practices. Open educational quality initiative. Retrieved from http://duepublico.uni-duisburgessen.de/servlets/DerivateServlet/Derivate-25907/OPALReport2011-Beyond-OER.pdf Bliss, T., Hilton, J., Wiley, D., and Thanos, K. (2013). College student and faculty perceptions of the cost and quality of open textbooks. First Monday, 18(1). Bliss, T.J., Robinson, T.J., Hilton, J. & Wiley, D.A. (2013). An OER COUP: College teacher and student perceptions of open educational resources. Journal of Interactive Media in Education, Spring, 1-15. • • Brent, I., Gibbs, G.R. & Gruszczynska, A.K. (2012). Obstacles to creating and finding Open Educational Resources: The case of research methods in the social sciences, Journal of Interactive Media in Education, 2012 Special Issue, 1-17. Bossu, C., Bull, D., & Brown, M. (2012). Opening up down under: the role of open educational resources in promoting social inclusion in Australia. Distance Education, 33, 151–164.
    17. 17. • • • • Bossu, C., Brown, M., & Bull, D. (2012). Do Open Educational Resources represent additional challenges or advantages to the current climate of change in the Australian higher education sector? In M. Brown, M. Hartnett & T. Stewart (Eds.), Future challenges, sustainable futures. In Proceedings ASCILITE Wellington 2012 (pp. 124– 132). Wellington. Conole, G. & Ehlers, U. (2010 ). Open educational practices: Unleashing the power of OER. Paper presented to UNESCO Workshop on OER (Namibia) in May. D’Antoni, S. (2008). Open educational resources the best way forward, Deliberations of an International Community of Interest, UNESCO Report. http://learn.creativecommons.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/03/oer-way-forward-finalversion.pdf European Commission (2013). Opening up education: Innovative teaching and learning for all through new technologies and open educational resources. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee of the Regions. (SWD(2013) 341 final). Brussels, Belgium.
    18. 18. • • • • • • Hilton, J. & Wiley, D.A. (2011). Open access textbooks and financial sustainability: A case study on Flat World Knowledge. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 12(5), 18-26. Hockings, C., Brett, P. & Terentjevs, M. (2012). Making a difference – inclusive learning and teaching in higher education through open educational resources, Distance Education, 33(2), 237-252. Livingston, K. & Condie, R. (2006). The impact of an online learning program on teaching and learning strategies. Theory into Practice, 45(2), 150–158. McKerlich, R., Ives, C., McGreal, R. (2013). Measuring use and creation of open educational resources in higher education. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 14(4), 90-103. Murphy, A. (2013). Open educational practices in higher education: institutional adoption and challenges. Distance Education, 34(2), 201-217. Nikoi, S. & Armellini, A. (2012). The OER mix in higher education: purpose, process, product, and policy. Distance Education, 33(2), 165-184.
    19. 19. • • • • • • Olcott, D. (2012). OER perspectives: Emerging issues for universities. Distance Education, 33(2), 283-290. Petrides, L., Jimes, C., Middleton-Detzner, C., Walling, J. & Weiss, S. (2011). Open textbook adoption and use: implications for teachers and learners. Open Learning, 26(1), 39-49. Richter, T. & McPherson, M. (2012). Open educational resources: Education for the world? Distance Education, 33(2), 201-209. Rolfe, V. (2012). Open educational resources: Staff attitudes and awareness. Research in Learning Technology, 20, 1–13. Tait, A. (2013). Distance and e-learning, social justice and development: The relevance of capability approaches to the mission of open universities. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 14(4), 1-18. Wiley, D. (2006). On the sustainability of open educational resource initiatives in higher education. Retrieved from www.oecd.org/edu/oer

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