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Prof. Wolfgang Christ: The Urban INDEX® -- Towards Quality Urban Environment

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Presentation Wednesday, June 10, 2009, from OSLO-DENVER INITIATIVE ON URBAN DESIGN AND CLIMATE CHANGE at CNU 17 in Denver. …

Presentation Wednesday, June 10, 2009, from OSLO-DENVER INITIATIVE ON URBAN DESIGN AND CLIMATE CHANGE at CNU 17 in Denver.

The “Oslo-Denver-Initiative” (ODI) is aimed at promoting practical measures in urban and regional development to reduce the effects of climate change. Its panel of experts continues the international exchange of ideas generated by the CEU international conference on Urban Design and Climate Change held in Oslo in September of 2008. The panel will identify New Urbanist and European Urbanism tools, techniques, and models in response to the challenges of climate change.

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  • 1. Prof. Wolfgang Christ CNU 17, Denver | June 10, 2009 Stadtqualität vor Augen! Towards Quality Urban Environment The Urban INDEX ®
  • 2. Urban INDEX ® – Stadtqualität vor Augen! Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy Duisburg, Ruhr, Germany
  • 3. Urban INDEX ® – Stadtqualität vor Augen! Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy Duisburg, Ruhr, Germany
  • 4.
    • New Urban Landscape
    UI Perspectives on Urban Sustainability
  • 5.
    • New Urban Landscape
    • New Urban Mobility
    UI Perspectives on Urban Sustainability
  • 6.
    • New Urban Landscape
    • New Urban Mobility
    • New Urban Neighbourhoods
    UI Perspectives on Urban Sustainability
  • 7.
    • New Urban Landscape
    • New Urban Mobility
    • New Urban Neighbourh oods
    • New Urban Heritage
    UI Perspectives on Urban Sustainability
  • 8. UI Perspectives on Urban Sustainability
    • New Urban Landscape
    • New Urban Mobility
    • New Urban Neighbourh oods
    • New Urban Heritage
  • 9. Regional Park – Rhein-Main Planning Authority – UII: Experience in sustainable development
  • 10. Regional Park – Rhein-Main Planning Authority – Sustainable Train Station – German Railway Company– UII: Experience in sustainable development
  • 11. Regional Park – Rhein-Main Planning Authority – Sustainable Train Station – German Railway Company– Car-free Neighbourhoods – Research project, ‘Bundesstiftung Umwelt’ – UII: Experience in sustainable development
  • 12. Regional Park – Rhein-Main Planning Authority – Sustainable Train Station – German Railway Company – Car-free Neighbourhoods – Research project, ‘Bundesstiftung Umwelt’ – Placemaking – International Building Exhibition – UII: Experience in sustainable development
  • 13. Regional Park – Rhein-Main Planning Authority – Sustainable Train Station – German Railway Company – Car-free Neighbourhoods – Research project, ‘Bundesstiftung Umwelt’ – Placemaking – International Building Exhibition – UII: Experience in sustainable development
  • 14. Regional Park for the Rhein-Main Metropolitan Area
  • 15.
    • HOW TO
    • really protect green corridors?
    Regional Park for the Rhein-Main Metropolitan Area
  • 16.
    • HOW TO
    • Really protect green corridors?
    • combine the urban realm & (artificial) wilderness?
    Regional Park for the Rhein-Main Metropolitan Area
  • 17.
    • HOW TO
    • Really protect green corridors?
    • combine the urban realm & (artificial) wilderness?
    • create a landscape Image of the Metropolitan Region?
    Regional Park for the Rhein-Main Metropolitan Area
  • 18. Regional Park for the Rhein-Main Metropolitan Area
  • 19.
    • HOW TO
    • qualify agricultural land – both aesthetically and ecologically?
    Regional Park for the Rhein-Main Metropolitan Area
  • 20.
    • HOW TO
    • qualify agricultural land – both aesthetically and ecologically?
    • stop ‘Zwischenstadt’- Sprawl?
    Regional Park for the Rhein-Main Metropolitan Area
  • 21. Regional Park for the Rhein-Main Metropolitan Area
    • HOW TO
    • qualify agricultural land – both aesthetically and ecologically?
    • stop ‘Zwischenstadt’- Sprawl?
    • design the urban edge?
  • 22. The Potential of Landscape Urbanism Combine Urban Development & Landscape Development Integrate economy & ecology & aesthetics Improve local identity Develop regional profile Create new public realm Stimulate inter- communal cooperation Enrich people’s ‘love affair’ with their region 2 1 3 4 5 6 7 Frankfurt – Masterplan 1994 – Regional Planning Authority - Umlandverband Frankfurt - We recommend:
  • 23. Sustainable Train Station Handbook, 1995 The ‘Green Station’: Information center for sustainable mobility The ‘Green Station’: Integrated part of green infrastructure
  • 24. Sustainable Train Station Provide amenities ‘all under one roof’ Design a Station Square Connect neighbourhoods Densify the urban fabric Create a new ‘station neighbourhood’
  • 25. Sustainable Train Station: Bullay / Pilot Project Opened: 2000 // BDA Award 2000
  • 26. Car-free Neighbourhoods
    • More public / private space available
    • Parking as external service
    • No public subsidies for private parking
  • 27. Amsterdam GWL-Terrein Nürnberg, Langwasser P Wittenberg, Werksiedlung Piesteritz Tübingen, Südstadt Amsterdam, GWL-Terrein
    • Cost savings reinvested in neighbourhood amenities Playground, kindergarten, ‘turkish bath’, bike service, café, car sharing station
    • Higher urban density without compromising quality of life
    • Interactive ground floor frontage
    Car-free Neighbourhoods
  • 28. Car-free Neighbourhoods
    • Flexibility in designing the urban fabric
    • Diversity in the public realm
    • Minimize the urban footprint
    • Mixed-use development
    • Cohousing
    • Green Building
    • New urban living
    New areas of potential in urban planning New York Times. May 11, 2009
  • 29. Placemaking “ Ariane is proud to be ‘Miss Bitterfeld-Wolfen 2001’. For the first time ever, she’s made it to the top of the ‘Pegelturm’ at the end of Bitterfeld pier. ‘It’s wonderful up here’ exclaims the 22-year-old from Aken..”
  • 30. Placemaking
  • 31. Placemaking
    • A new frontier in urbanized areas
    • Community Building
    • Attracting the ‘creative classes’
    • ‘ Planning the sense of a region’
    Transforming the industrial heritage
  • 32. Programme “ On the one hand urban neighbourhoods represent the smallest practicable unit for complex, holistic urban development strategies. On the other, they are the largest urban area that a single person can relate to and experience as a whole: my neighbourhood, my quarter, my district...” I. Urban Neighbourhoods “ According to Prof Dr. Klaus Töpfer, ‘a poor-quality building in the right city has a higher value than a better building in the wrong location’.” II. Urban Value “ The UI Star-Ratings show how far one can go when a willingness to cooperating in shaping one’s surroundings goes hand ind hand with ambitious aims” III. Urban Star- Ratings
  • 33. Category I: Context UI-Category I considers the urban quarter in its surrounding urban and regional context. The environmental quality of an urban quarter is, among other things, also depnedent on interactions with external influences such as trade and retail facilities or open countryside. The quarter and the urban region. Category IV: Communication UI-Category IV considers the informal dimension of the contemporary urban realm. As with category I, here too the urban quarter must react to external conditions. The indicators show clearly that sustainability results from a wide-ranging alignment of the forces that shape the city The quarter and its character. Category II: Complexity UI-Category II considers the ‘hardware’ of the urban quarter and with it its functional elements – such as employment, housing, education or retail. In particular, the UI examines the mix and diversity of different functions available in the quarter. The quarter and its constituent elements. Category III: Contour UI-Category III assesses the ‘software’ of the urban quarter, for example, how well heterogeneous elements are interconnected. Special emphasis is given to the character and disposition of ist public spaces and ist formal qualities of place that lend the quarter a distinctive character. The quarter and its framework. UI: Urban Categories
  • 34. UI: Toolbox
  • 35. UI Category I: CONTEXT
    • Region
    • City
    • Landscape
    • Mobility
    • Centres
    • Energy
    • Resources
    • e.g. Nature
    The quarter and the urban region.
  • 36. UI Category II: COMPLEXITY
    • Housing
    • Work
    • Services
    • Retail
    • Health
    • Knowledge
    • Recreation
    • e.g. Public transport networks
    The quarter and its constituent elements.
  • 37. UI Category III: CONTOUR
    • Spatial Figure
    • Spatial Structure
    • Townscape
    • Routes
    • Squares
    • Places
    • Centre
    • e.g. Historic Monuments
    The quarter and its framework.
  • 38. UI Category IV: COMMUNICATION
    • History
    • Community
    • Access
    • Views
    • Street Life
    • Culture
    • Cooperation
    • e.g. Web Community
    The quarter and its constituent elements.
  • 39. UI: Iconic Frame
  • 40. Urban INDEX: Partners
  • 41. Rheinufer Süd (LU) … Alte Kolonie (LU) Mannheim Speyer Worms Urban INDEX Pilot Projects
  • 42. Andernach … Ansbach Berlin Duisburg Erlangen UI Shopping Pilot Projects
  • 43. Coordinates: 49°38′ N, 8°22′ O Location of pilot area in relation to the city centre Worms, Liebenauer Feld
  • 44. Indicator: Transport Nodes Airport < 40 minutes away. Hi-speed rail < 30 minutes away. Motorway < 15 minutes away. Airport < 75 minutes away. Hi-speed rail < 45 minutes away. Motorway < 20 minutes away. Two of three transport nodes can be reached from the centre of the quarterwithin the time given in point 2. Assessment criteria Worms, Liebenauer Feld
  • 45. Coordinates: 49°29′ N, 8°28′ O Location of pilot area in relation to the city centre Mannheim, Herzogenried
  • 46. Indicator: Urban Form The formal definition / typology of public urban space is clear and distinct. The formal definition / typology of public urban space is perceptible. The formal definition / typology of public urban space is for the most part perceptible. Mannheim, Herzogenried Assessment criteria
  • 47. Coordinates: 49°30′ N, 8°26′ O Location of pilot area in relation to the city centre Ludwigshafen, Rheinufer Süd
  • 48. The majority of buildings in the quarter have active street frontages that enliven the street space. At least 12 km of street frontages in the quarter contribute to enlivening the street space. At least 10 km of street frontages in the quarter contribute to enlivening the street space. Assessment criteria Ludwigshafen, Rheinufer Süd Indicator: Views
  • 49. Stars are awarded according to the score attained within the rating assessment procedure. UI: Star Rating
  • 50. Four Urban Categories are key to sustainable development:
    • CONTEXT The urban quarter as a platform for a culture of integration
    • COMPLEXITY The urban quarter as the ideal scale between large and small
    • CONTOUR The urban quarter as a stage for ‘civic art’
    • COMMUNICATION The urban quarter as a biotope for community planning.
    Chess Set, Josef Hartwig Bauhaus, 1924 Still Life with Chair, Pablo Picasso, 1912
  • 51. The UI support of the Oslo-Denver Initiative on Urban Design and Climate Change: STADTQUALIÄT! Impuls for the future Rebuilding the European City is honoured by UI – Star Ratings Responsability Encouraging leadership in urban and environmental development Urban Sustainability Anchoring the sustainability debate in the urban environment
  • 52.  
  • 53. Görlitz, Germany, 2004: Signing of the CEU.D Charter
  • 54.  

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