I. Implementation Strategies for Transit-Oriented Development - GB Arrington -- CNU 17

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I. Implementation Strategies for Transit-Oriented Development - GB Arrington -- CNU 17

  1. 1. Getting Beyond the TOD Cartoon GB Arrington What You arrington@pbworld.com pb placemaking Know Need to
  2. 2. • Scale matters • Walking & TOD • Travel & TOD • Implementation focus • Transit for TOD MetroCities TOD Dubai UAE pb placemaking
  3. 3. Scale matters pb placemaking
  4. 4. Unlocking the key to each stations identity • TOD in Region – Where does the station fit in? • TOD in Corridor – Stations relationship to other stations? • TOD in Community – How will TOD add value? Be a place? pb placemaking
  5. 5. More than a Parcel, More than a Project • Create a walkable district – Area w/in a 5 minute walk – Approximately 125 acres Santa Ana TOD – Walkable complete community • Most “TODs” don’t meet this standard – Requires broader strategy, cooperation – Understanding the bar needs to be higher Santa Ana Station Development pb placemaking
  6. 6. Round at Beaverton Central Plaza surrounds station •240 units •125k retail •375k office Urban in the suburbs pb placemaking
  7. 7. Pearl District Portland Former rail yard & warehouses • Public & private development agreement – Housing – Infrastructure – Parks • Development since 1997 $750m+ • 2700+ units built • 131 units per acre minimum density pb placemaking Before
  8. 8. Walking density & TOD pb placemaking
  9. 9. Distance & Mode Share 2005 WMATA Development-Related Ridership Survey Distance from Metrorail Mode Share Auto Mode Share station Office Residential Office Residential At station 35% 54% 48% 29% ¼ mile 23% 43% 66% 41% ½ mile 10% 31% 83% 54% • 35% of office trips right at the station entrance • Office mode share drops about 1% every 100 ft • ½ mile residential share 200% higher than office pb placemaking
  10. 10. Density, Distance & TOD • Two density dimensions – Horizontal distance from station – Vertical development intensity • Density & use – Concentrate office & Tysons Corner, VA retail near station Residential Gradient Employment Gradient – Increasing % of intensity residential away guide from station pb placemaking Minutes walk from station 2.5 5 7 10
  11. 11. TOD Travel & Parking pb placemaking
  12. 12. TODs create less traffic • TOD residents are: – Twice as likely not to own a car as US Households – 5 times more likely to commute by transit than others in region • Self-selection: – Responsible for up to 40% of TOD ridership bonus pb placemaking
  13. 13. TCRP Report 128 • Detailed look at 17 built TODs • All multi-family residential • Four US Metro areas – Washington, DC – Philadelphia / NJ – San Francisco – Portland • Measured actual performance – Trips compared to ITE http://onlinepubs.trb.org/onlinepubs/tcrp/tcrp_rpt_128.pdf pb placemaking
  14. 14. Disconnect with ITE guidance • Suburban bias w/ existing parking standards – Assumes everyone drives – Based on limited observations – from Florida • Overstates TOD trip generation – A result is higher development fees – 24 hr based rates 50% high • Parking likely overstated by same amount pb placemaking
  15. 15. TOD housing generates 50% less traffic than conventional housing ITE Trip Manual 6.67 trips per unit Detailed counts of 17 residential TODs 3.55 trips per unit pb placemaking
  16. 16. 10 Trips TODs behave Differently Daily car trips for 50 dwellings 6.67 Trips • SF 500 • MF 333 • TOD MF 177 3.55 Trips Multifamily Multifamily Single TOD Family pb placemaking
  17. 17. Easy & Legal pb placemaking
  18. 18. Orenco Station LRT Station • 190-acre TOD • 1,834 units minimum LRT Station • Vertical mixed-use town center • TOD zoning • 1st urban product in Portland’s suburbs • 18.2% mode split pb placemaking
  19. 19. Focus on implementation pb placemaking
  20. 20. Transforming Tysons Corner New plan & tools • New land use plan • New standards for streets • New design guidelines • New implementing authority • New financial tools • Demonstration projects pb placemaking
  21. 21. Portland Metro TOD Program • Public Investments to Help Offset Added Costs of Mixed Use Higher Density Projects – TOD Easements and land write-downs – Funding to offset “cost premiums” – Increased transit use as threshold test pb placemaking
  22. 22. Stations for Urbanism pb placemaking
  23. 23. M M M pb placemaking DuPont Circle, Washington, D.C. Branch Ave, suburban Washington
  24. 24. Development-Oriented Transit pb placemaking Auto-Oriented Transit
  25. 25. Linking Stations & TOD Three ways to think of a station • Focal point of a place • Incorporated into a place • Secondary to a place London Stations can help define the most important places pb placemaking Portland The Round
  26. 26. More growth less impact pb placemaking
  27. 27. Rx to grow & reduce travel • Density increased • Limit & manage parking • Solve for walking • Grid of small streets • Transform transit • Increased residential mix • Office & retail closest to transit • TOD outright permitted use Tysons Corner pb placemaking

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