CNU XVII: Experiencing the
Urbanism: The Convenient Remedy




Balancing
Mobility &
Community
Cost Saving for Freeway Tear...
Baton Rouge
Past & Future
Early Settlement Pattern:
                                                  1700s-1900

                   Zachary
       ...
Initial Suburban Growth:
                                                  1900 – 1960

                   Zachary
       ...
Highway Expansion:
                                                            1960 – Present

                   Zachary
...
What’s Next?
                                                     21st Century

                                          ...
What’s Next?
                                                       21st Century

                   Zachary
             ...
What’s Next?
                                                       21st Century

                   Zachary
             ...
Transportation / Land Use
         Relationship
More
                                       More Lanes




                        Pavement
Conventional Approach

       ...
Land Use/Transportation
                     “The Concept”


  Land Use                 Travel              Road Capacity
...
Typical Regional
                               Program

  Traffic
  Needs




                                           ...
Land Use & Transportation – Ideal Traffic Planning




     Widen
                 20-Year Forecast




   Capacity


 Yea...
Land Use & Transportation – The Reality




             Actual




    Widen
                        Induced Traffic



 ...
Chain of Impacts



                                                      Widen Road




FIRST                            ...
Road Size, Not Congestion, is the Choice


                                                       No Option
              ...
Transportation Statistics




Results Over the Last 50-Years
1) Vehicle Miles of Travel (VMT) Growing Faster
   Than Popul...
Land Use Statistics



Decreased Density . . Increased Sprawl
      6.98


              4.85   4.96            Persons Pe...
Social Statistics



The physical impacts of all this
    inactivity
• Increased risk of obesity
• Increased risk of major...
Household Statistics

                            Education 2.1%
                                                         ...
Environmental Statistics




Photographer: rosevita. Used through license agreement with
morguefile.com
Cultural Statistics
Budgetary Statistics
                                                                                       (PENNDOT 2006-...
“The problems we
have created cannot be
solved with the same
thinking that created
them….”



                         Ima...
Chain of Impacts



                                                     Accept Congest




FIRST                         ...
Supply and Demand




                    New ―Market‖
                    Price Points
      Price




                  ...
USA Today,
May 24, 2008
When you have eliminated the impossible
whatever remains, however improbable, must
               be the truth.
People will get sick and
tired of traffic congestion
and...




                                     Karl Rasmussen
      ...
…and move into
the city.



                            Karl Rasmussen
            State Traffic Engineer, Minnesota
Case Study: Chattanooga, TN
           Riverfront Parkway
Chattanooga: A Transformative
           Vision
Riverfront Parkway –Traffic Flow – Year 2000


      Tennessee River


                        19,998 ADT
                ...
Riverfront Parkway –Traffic Flow – Year 2005


Tennessee River
Riverfront Parkway Looking From Walnut Street Bridge to Market Street Bridge: 2000
Riverfront Parkway Looking From Walnut Street Bridge to Market Street Bridge: Vision
Riverfront Parkway Looking From Walnut Street Bridge to Market Street Bridge: 2005
21st Century Waterfront – 2005
Chattanooga: A Transformative
           Vision
Case Study: Trenton, N J
Use Network to Balance Traffic Impacts
The Historic Riverfront
The Change for Mobility
Time to Reclaim the River
Project Goals




•   Reclaim the Delaware River Waterfront
•   Improve Access to Waterfront
•   Improve Safety and Provid...
Riverfront & Park Space
Travel Time Runs




Sullivan
 Way          Lee Street         Parkside                  Calhoun Street
                  ...
Case Study: Flemington, NJ
Regulating Redevelopment to Build Transportation Infrastructure

               ITE Best Projec...
Existing Land Use

                                 • Commercial strip development along
Commercial                       ...
Flemington 1850s




Flemington
Flemington Today

                    • Sparse Network

                    • Three routes all meet at
                   ...
Flemington – On the Books
                    • 4-lane Bypass

                    • Widen existing Rt. 31 from 2 to 4
   ...
Flemington Circle
•   Bypass
     – Grade Separated Circle traffic volumes
       & Levels of Service




    LOS C
Development Pressure
Undeveloped
(Green)


  Considering
  Development      • Lots of moving pieces that can
  (Red outlin...
An Alternative Concept:
                                “South Branch Parkway”

• An at grade
  “parkway”
                ...
Phasing: Secondary Connections




  • Private Development
    required to build secondary
    network.
• Separate the Rt. 202, 31, &12 movements
• Transform circle to square
• Continue development of parallel street south of ...
• Separate the Rt. 202, 31, &12 movements
• Transform circle to square
• Continue development of parallel street south of ...
“ Circle to Square ”
“ Circle to Square”
Conventional Planning    Connectivity Planning




LOS C                     LOS B
Case Study:
       Montgomery County, PA
Context & Fiscal Responsibility
The Concept for US 202 Has Changed Significantly Over the Years
No Build Option
NBCP Option




     $111M


   Project Cost
Parkway Option

                     $206M

Total Project Cost

                     $161M
          Cost to
        Compl...
Expressway Option
                        $465M
 Total Project Cost

                        $383M



           Cost to
 ...
No Significant Relief to Section 700 or Other Local Roads
93% of the Trips are Local Trips Rather than Regional Through Trips




       Only 7% of
  trips on US 202
      are regi...
Travel Times and Total Travel

       The Expressway significantly reduces                                 Which brings mo...
Evaluation
The Goal is to Maximize Benefits to Local Trips
The Goal is to Maximize Benefits to Local Trips




                            NEW SOLUTION
                            A...
Case Study:
Charlotte, NC
Cost to Value
29 / 29 Weave
                                     The Need




The 85 Connector

                   Rocky River
29 / 29 Weave
                                 The “Fix” – 1998 Version




The 85 Connector

                   Rocky Riv...
29 / 29 Weave
                                                                     The New “Fix”– 2007 Version




       ...
29 / 29 Weave
                                                                      The Problem




                      ...
Process


                                                                     1)   Conducted one-on-one stakeholder
     ...
Existing Conditions

                                                                     Issues & Concerns:

            ...
Primary Street Network
                                                                     These streets are critical to ...
Recommended Street
                                                                                               Classifi...
What
  If?
Public Input             Connections
                                     Throughout            More Small Roads
         ...
Land Use/Transportation



 Road Design                    Travel                Land Use
                manages         ...
“Courage is being scared…
 but saddling up anyway.”
                       — John Wayne
Balancing Mobility and Community-Troy Russ
Balancing Mobility and Community-Troy Russ
Balancing Mobility and Community-Troy Russ
Balancing Mobility and Community-Troy Russ
Balancing Mobility and Community-Troy Russ
Balancing Mobility and Community-Troy Russ
Balancing Mobility and Community-Troy Russ
Balancing Mobility and Community-Troy Russ
Balancing Mobility and Community-Troy Russ
Balancing Mobility and Community-Troy Russ
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  • As a society, we have created a number of financial, environmental, and social problems. If we are to solve this new generation of challenges, we must adhere to Einstein’s theory that the solutions will lie in thinking differently. In the past we built transportation systems that solved the challenges of the time; now we have a new set of challenges, and need a new set of solutions.
  • Balancing Mobility and Community-Troy Russ

    1. 1. CNU XVII: Experiencing the Urbanism: The Convenient Remedy Balancing Mobility & Community Cost Saving for Freeway Teardowns: Replace, Prevent, Remove Prepared by: TROY RUSS, AICP Principal Glatting Jackson Kercher Anglin, Inc. June 13, 2009
    2. 2. Baton Rouge Past & Future
    3. 3. Early Settlement Pattern: 1700s-1900 Zachary • Population: 11,000 • River & Rail Economy Baker Denham Walker Springs Baton Rouge Port Allen Brusly Addis Plaquemine
    4. 4. Initial Suburban Growth: 1900 – 1960 Zachary • Population: 125,000 • Industrial Expansion (Oil) • Growing road infrastructure Baker Denham Walker Springs Baton Rouge Port Allen Brusly Addis Plaquemine
    5. 5. Highway Expansion: 1960 – Present Zachary • Population: 230,000 (Baton Rouge) • 412,000 (East Baton Rouge Parish) • Interstate access and urban Baker Central expansion Denham Walker Springs Baton Rouge Port Allen Brusly Addis Plaquemine I-10
    6. 6. What’s Next? 21st Century • Horizon Plan: Focused Growth Zachary Centers (Major Regional, Regional, Community) Baker • Intensified Corridors? Central • Town intensification? (Baker, Zachary, etc.) Denham Walker Springs Baton Rouge Port Allen Brusly Addis Plaquemine
    7. 7. What’s Next? 21st Century Zachary • Baton Rouge Loop?? • Intercity Passenger Rail?? Baker Central Denham Walker Springs US 190 Baton Rouge Port Allen Brusly Addis Plaquemine
    8. 8. What’s Next? 21st Century Zachary • Baton Rouge Loop?? • Intercity Passenger Rail?? Baker Central Denham Walker Springs US 190 Baton Rouge Port Allen Brusly Addis Plaquemine
    9. 9. Transportation / Land Use Relationship
    10. 10. More More Lanes Pavement Conventional Approach More Roads More Cars System Management ITS More Efficiency Conventional Approach
    11. 11. Land Use/Transportation “The Concept” Land Use Travel Road Capacity generates demands Anticipate Forecast Accommodate
    12. 12. Typical Regional Program Traffic Needs Engineer Plan Widen Program Project Build Other 1 2 3 4 5 Words Local Input Local Plans Public Information Technicians Public Input Input
    13. 13. Land Use & Transportation – Ideal Traffic Planning Widen 20-Year Forecast Capacity Years
    14. 14. Land Use & Transportation – The Reality Actual Widen Induced Traffic Forecast Capacity Years
    15. 15. Chain of Impacts Widen Road FIRST Reduce Reduce ORDER Delay Cost SECOND Move Range Drive Own More ORDER Home Farther More Cars THIRD Lose Community Big Inactivity More Increased Higher Increased ORDER Business & Jobs Disinvestment Box Epidemic VMT Energy Carbon Household Demand Footprint Transportation Costs
    16. 16. Road Size, Not Congestion, is the Choice No Option Congestion Widen Reduced Options Congestion Widen Choice Congestion Traffic Capacity Years
    17. 17. Transportation Statistics Results Over the Last 50-Years 1) Vehicle Miles of Travel (VMT) Growing Faster Than Population Growth 2) Longer Commute Times 3) Decreased Transit Ridership
    18. 18. Land Use Statistics Decreased Density . . Increased Sprawl 6.98 4.85 4.96 Persons Per Acre 3.52 3.56 3.48 3.6 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2005 Charlotte’s Population Per Acre 1950-2005
    19. 19. Social Statistics The physical impacts of all this inactivity • Increased risk of obesity • Increased risk of major diseases • Diabetes • Cardiovascular disease • Colon cancer • Increased symptoms of depression and anxiety • Poorer development and maintenance of bones and muscles
    20. 20. Household Statistics Education 2.1% Misc. 8.2% Apparel & Services 4.8% Entertainment 5.0% Shelter 19% Shelter 19 Transportation 17.9 Food 13.7 Insurance & Pensions 9.6 Other Household 7.5 Health Care 5.4% Utilities 6.8 Health Care 5.4 Entertainment 5 Apparel & Services Education Miscellaneous 4.8 2.1 8.2 Transportation 17.9% Utilities Total 6.8% 100 Other Household 7.5% Food 13.7% Insurance & Pensions 9.6% Source: Surface Transportation Policy Project: Driven to Spend – The Impact of Sprawl on Transportation Expenditure
    21. 21. Environmental Statistics Photographer: rosevita. Used through license agreement with morguefile.com
    22. 22. Cultural Statistics
    23. 23. Budgetary Statistics (PENNDOT 2006-2015) 4,000 3,000 Cost to ―Improve‖ = $3.4 trillion Gap to ―Improve" = $1.0 trillion 2,000 Gap to ―Maintain" = $415 billion Cost to ―Maintain‖ 1,000 = $2.8 trillion $2.4 trillion 0 Cumulative Needs Existing Sources of Revenue Current Dollars (in Billions) Source: Cambridge Systematics, April 2006
    24. 24. “The problems we have created cannot be solved with the same thinking that created them….” Image Source: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division. Original copyright expired.
    25. 25. Chain of Impacts Accept Congest FIRST Increase Increase ORDER Delay Cost SECOND Improve Change Drive Own Fewer ORDER Home Modes Less Cars THIRD Keep Community Main Healthy Less Decreased Lower Decreased ORDER Business & Jobs Reinvestment Communities VMT Energy Carbon Household Street Demand Footprint Transportation Costs
    26. 26. Supply and Demand New ―Market‖ Price Points Price Old Policy Demand
    27. 27. USA Today, May 24, 2008
    28. 28. When you have eliminated the impossible whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.
    29. 29. People will get sick and tired of traffic congestion and... Karl Rasmussen State Traffic Engineer, Minnesota
    30. 30. …and move into the city. Karl Rasmussen State Traffic Engineer, Minnesota
    31. 31. Case Study: Chattanooga, TN Riverfront Parkway
    32. 32. Chattanooga: A Transformative Vision
    33. 33. Riverfront Parkway –Traffic Flow – Year 2000 Tennessee River 19,998 ADT (2,050) AM Peak 13,339 ADT (1,262) AM Peak 19,482 ADT (1,728) AM Peak
    34. 34. Riverfront Parkway –Traffic Flow – Year 2005 Tennessee River
    35. 35. Riverfront Parkway Looking From Walnut Street Bridge to Market Street Bridge: 2000
    36. 36. Riverfront Parkway Looking From Walnut Street Bridge to Market Street Bridge: Vision
    37. 37. Riverfront Parkway Looking From Walnut Street Bridge to Market Street Bridge: 2005
    38. 38. 21st Century Waterfront – 2005
    39. 39. Chattanooga: A Transformative Vision
    40. 40. Case Study: Trenton, N J Use Network to Balance Traffic Impacts
    41. 41. The Historic Riverfront
    42. 42. The Change for Mobility
    43. 43. Time to Reclaim the River
    44. 44. Project Goals • Reclaim the Delaware River Waterfront • Improve Access to Waterfront • Improve Safety and Provide Traffic Calming • Promote Urban and Economic Redevelopment • Provide Environmental Enhancements along Assunpink Creek and Delaware River
    45. 45. Riverfront & Park Space
    46. 46. Travel Time Runs Sullivan Way Lee Street Parkside Calhoun Street Avenue 1m15s Market Street 42s 2m10s 1m59s South Warren Cass Street Street From I-195 1m40s 45s 13m26s Difference AM Peak Hour = 2m 01s Difference PM Peak Hour = 5 4s
    47. 47. Case Study: Flemington, NJ Regulating Redevelopment to Build Transportation Infrastructure ITE Best Project Award 2009
    48. 48. Existing Land Use • Commercial strip development along Commercial Route 31 and US 202 Industrial • Undeveloped agricultural lands converting to commercial and industrial uses • Still lots of undeveloped land (opportunity to shape future development pattern) Undeveloped Land
    49. 49. Flemington 1850s Flemington
    50. 50. Flemington Today • Sparse Network • Three routes all meet at “Flemington Circle” Flemington Circle
    51. 51. Flemington – On the Books • 4-lane Bypass • Widen existing Rt. 31 from 2 to 4 lanes • Grade Separate “Flemington Circle” • 100% Designed, $100 million (not funded) Flemington Circle
    52. 52. Flemington Circle • Bypass – Grade Separated Circle traffic volumes & Levels of Service LOS C
    53. 53. Development Pressure Undeveloped (Green) Considering Development • Lots of moving pieces that can (Red outline) sill be influenced Currently planned or approved (Red)
    54. 54. An Alternative Concept: “South Branch Parkway” • An at grade “parkway” • Integrated Land Use and • New network Transportation Strategy connections to provide parallel • $20 million routes to 202 and 31 • Work with property owners to manage access and support approved development plans
    55. 55. Phasing: Secondary Connections • Private Development required to build secondary network.
    56. 56. • Separate the Rt. 202, 31, &12 movements • Transform circle to square • Continue development of parallel street south of 202 • New site development standards that focus on the street & pedestrian environment
    57. 57. • Separate the Rt. 202, 31, &12 movements • Transform circle to square • Continue development of parallel street south of 202 • New site development standards that focus on the street & pedestrian environment
    58. 58. “ Circle to Square ”
    59. 59. “ Circle to Square”
    60. 60. Conventional Planning Connectivity Planning LOS C LOS B
    61. 61. Case Study: Montgomery County, PA Context & Fiscal Responsibility
    62. 62. The Concept for US 202 Has Changed Significantly Over the Years
    63. 63. No Build Option
    64. 64. NBCP Option $111M Project Cost
    65. 65. Parkway Option $206M Total Project Cost $161M Cost to Complete Project Cost
    66. 66. Expressway Option $465M Total Project Cost $383M Cost to Complete Project Cost
    67. 67. No Significant Relief to Section 700 or Other Local Roads
    68. 68. 93% of the Trips are Local Trips Rather than Regional Through Trips Only 7% of trips on US 202 are regional through trips. Most trips are best served by a complete network of local roads 37% of all trips begin or end in the study area. 56% of all trips are completely local, beginning and ending in the study area.
    69. 69. Travel Times and Total Travel The Expressway significantly reduces Which brings more travel into the travel time for regional through corridor trips… Expressway Expressway Parkway Parkway NBCP NBCP NB NB 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 0 500,000 1,000,000 1,500,000 2,000,000 Travel Time from Doylestown to Plymouth Total Travel (VMT) Meeting (Minutes)
    70. 70. Evaluation
    71. 71. The Goal is to Maximize Benefits to Local Trips
    72. 72. The Goal is to Maximize Benefits to Local Trips NEW SOLUTION A complete network of local roads rather than one new regional route.
    73. 73. Case Study: Charlotte, NC Cost to Value
    74. 74. 29 / 29 Weave The Need The 85 Connector Rocky River
    75. 75. 29 / 29 Weave The “Fix” – 1998 Version The 85 Connector Rocky River
    76. 76. 29 / 29 Weave The New “Fix”– 2007 Version City Boulevard Station Rocky River Station The 85 Connector Rocky River
    77. 77. 29 / 29 Weave The Problem City Boulevard Station Rocky River Station The 85 Connector Rocky River
    78. 78. Process 1) Conducted one-on-one stakeholder interviews October 4th and 5th: • Crescent Resources • Stewart Family (During UCP City Boulevard Station Study) • I-85 partnership – Shawn McClaren & John Smith • Diane Carter, George Shield, & Bob Henderson • Steve Mogowan & Mary Hopper (Volvo Dealership & UCP) • CDOT & E&PM • Office of Economic Rocky River Station Development • CMPC • CATS The 85 Connector Rocky River
    79. 79. Existing Conditions Issues & Concerns: 1) Limited Street Network • Requires 29 / 49 to accommodate all existing and future traffic. City Boulevard Station • Limits the potential for an Urban Boulevard. • Limits the Transit Oriented Development Potential of the Study Area. 2) Roadway Design Speed and Access • Limits Pedestrian Oriented Development • Limits Land Development Potential. • Prohibits Rocky River Station. Rocky River Station The 85 Connector Rocky River
    80. 80. Primary Street Network These streets are critical to the success of the 29 / 49 Intersection and can be developed as property is developed without City money: 1) Extension of the 85 Connector to City Boulevard. City Boulevard Station 2) Creation of North / South Parallel Road from connector to McCullough Drive (Harris) 3) Extension of Shopping Center Drive Over I- 85 Rocky River Station The 85 Connector Rocky River
    81. 81. Recommended Street Classification Design of the streets should follow those identified in the City’s Urban Street Design Guidelines: City Boulevard Station 1) Boulevards (Red) • North Tryon • City Boulevard 2) Avenues (Blue) • Commercial • Residential 3) Main Streets (Yellow) • Rocky River Station 4) Local (Black) • Commercial • Residential Rocky River Station The 85 Connector Rocky River
    82. 82. What If?
    83. 83. Public Input Connections Throughout More Small Roads Less Travel Bike Routes Business Sidewalks, Trees Neighborhoods Great Streets Traffic Needs Visitor Needs Great Neighborhoods Traffic Calming Partners Plan Communit Program y Design Widen / or Vision Network Plan Other Project Dialogue 1 2 3 4 5 Local Plans
    84. 84. Land Use/Transportation Road Design Travel Land Use manages influences • Lead Land Use • Condition Protects • Manage Supply
    85. 85. “Courage is being scared… but saddling up anyway.” — John Wayne
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