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1 Introduction - Gianni Longo
 

1 Introduction - Gianni Longo

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Comprehensive New Urbanism for Comprehensive Plans - CNU17 - Longo

Comprehensive New Urbanism for Comprehensive Plans - CNU17 - Longo

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  • T.J. Kent: The Urban General Plan (1964)Focus on long-range physical developmentMove beyond recommendations to include data, analysis that support decisionsVision for future but not blueprint – flexibilityF. Stuart Chapin, Jr.: Urban Land Use PlanningGeneralized design for future use of landAnalytical approach to determining balance of usesBasis for more detailed “functional” plans

1 Introduction - Gianni Longo 1 Introduction - Gianni Longo Presentation Transcript

  • Comprehensive New Urbanism
    For Comprehensive Plans
  • Agenda
    Session Overview and Introductions
    Comprehensive Plans in the Age of New Urbanism
    Forces at Work:
    Making the Invisible Visible: Understanding the Demographic and Economic Forces that Shape Land Use and Development
    What the Public Wants: The Case for Visualizing
    In Practice:
    Nashville: Building Support for Form-Based Comprehensive Plans
    Tahachapi: General Plan Update
    Glendale: Getting Started: The North Glendale Community Plan
    Challenges and Group Discussion
  • Presenters
    Gianni Longo, ACP Visioning+Planning
    Abigail Thorne-Lyman, Strategic Economics
    Jennifer Carlat, Metro Nashville-Davidson County Planning Department
    Antony Perez, Moule & Polizoides
    Alan Loomis, City of Glendale
  • Introductions
  • Comprehensive Plans in the Age of New Urbanism
  • A Foretold Course of Events
    “The Congress for the New Urbanism views disinvestment in central cities…
  • A Foretold Course of Events
    “the spread of placeless sprawl…
  • A Foretold Course of Events
    “increasing separation by race and income…
  • A Foretold Course of Events
    “environmental deterioration…
  • A Foretold Course of Events
    “loss of agricultural lands and wilderness…
  • A Foretold Course of Events
    “and the erosion of society’s built heritage…
  • A Foretold Course of Events
    “AS ONE INTERRELATED COMMUNITY BUILDING CHALLENGE.”
  • A Foretold Course of Events
    The comprehensive and principled approach offered by New Urbanism to that challenge should have elevated the comprehensive plan as the tool of choice to further the practice of New Urbanism
    And it has, but sloooowly
  • Things I Will Not Talk About
  • I Will Not Talk About…
    “Make no little plans; they have no magic to stir men's blood”
  • I Will Not Talk About…
    “Make no little plans; they have no magic to stir men's blood”
  • I Will Not Talk About…
    The erosion of a vision that is comprehensive and visual…
    Standard Zoning Enabling Act of 1926
    Standard City Planning Enabling Act of 1928
    Model Subdivision Regulations, 1936
    Section 701 program of federal Housing Act of 1954
    Etc.
  • I Will Not Talk About…
    The “Canonical Texts” thathaveguidedourpractice…
    T.J. Kent: The Urban General Plan (1964)
    F. Stuart Chapin, Jr.: Urban Land Use Planning
    Etc.
  • I Will Not Talk About…
    The haphazard State Requirements we deal with…
    Almost half of the states have 1920s vintage state laws on local planning
    Most state statutes allow local governments to ignore local planning provisions if they wish
    Land use is the most required Element
    Many important plan elements are omitted and not mandated in many state planning laws
  • I Will Not Talk About…
    APA’s Growing Smart initiative that attempts to remedy the situation and recommends a minimum of mandatory elements:
    Issues and Opportunities
    Land-use
    Transportation
    Community Facilities
    Economic Development
    Critical and Sensitive Areas / Natural Hazards
    Optional Elements (forest/agriculture/scenic preservation; historic preservation, human services, community design)
  • The Convergence
    New Urbanism
    Smart Growth
    Sustainable Development
  • The Charter of New Urbanism
    Three geographic scales
    Region: Metropolis, City, and Town
    Neighborhood, District, and Corridor
    Street, block, and building
    Canons of Sustainable Architecture and Urbanism
  • Smart Growth and Sustainable Development
    A convergence of principles…
    Mix Land Uses
    Compact Building Design
    Housing Opportunities and Choices
    Strong Sense of Place
    Farmland, Open Space & Environmental Preservation
    Direct Development Towards Existing Communities
    Transportation Choices
    Predictable & Fair Development Decisions
    Community and Stakeholder Collaboration
  • Comprehensiveness of Plans
    Prosperity
    Place
    People
  • Innovations in Comprehensive Planning
  • Three Major Shifts in the Planning Practice
    Evolution from land use designation to form and character
    A rigorous approach to analyzing and designing place
    Deliberate integratioof land use and transportationn
  • Evolution From Land Use Designation to Form and Character
  • Typical Land Use Map
  • Established that Land Use Is Not the Same as Form and Character
  • Established that Land Use Is Not the Same as Form and Character
  • The Focus on Form and Character…
    Identifies the uniqueness of a community
    Allows for better integration of land use and urban design
    Focuses effort on areas of change
  • Linking Policy to Place
  • Growth Opportunity Areas: Independence
    Charter Homes, DPZ
  • A Rigorous Approach to Analyzing and Designing Place
  • Neighborhoods
  • Districts
  • Corridors
  • The Transect
    The Transect
  • A Tool Both Rigorous and Flexible
  • Policy Framework Implementation
  • Deliberate Integration of Land Use and Transportation
  • The Linking of Land Use and Transportation
    Large-scale pattern of origins and destinations allowing real transportation alternatives
    Mid-scale pattern of streets and activities allowing walkability, livability, accessibility
    Small-scale patterns manifested through design of street network, site, building and open space design
    Source: FTB
  • Lessons Learned
    These innovations…
    Move us away from “land use” designations
    Enable us to deal with form and character
    Provide for a rigorous and principled approach to comprehehnsive planning
    Establish the regulatory geography to set the stage for coding
  • For More Informationglongo@ACP-planning.com