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Canada New England Cruise Symposium Green Cruising   Michael Crye
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Canada New England Cruise Symposium Green Cruising Michael Crye

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Canada New England Cruise Symposium, Michael Crye, Green Cruising

Canada New England Cruise Symposium, Michael Crye, Green Cruising


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  • 1. CANADA NEW ENGLAND CRUISE SYMPOSIUM “HOW IS THE SHIPPING/CRUISE INDUSTRY REGULATED?” Michael Crye, EVP Cruise Lines International Association (CLIA) 5
  • 2. REGULATORY BODIES Bodies of the United Nations develop international treaties: UN, IMO  ILO WHO  ISO
  • 3. TREATIES What are those treaties? A. Law of the Sea Treaty (LOS) B. Safety of Life at Sea Treaty (SOLAS) C. International ship and Port Facilities Code (ISPS) D. International Safety Management Code (ISM) E. International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution form Ships (MARPOL) F. Standards for Training Certification and Watchkeeping (STCW) G. Consolidated Maritime Labour Convention (MLC) (not yet in effect) H. International Health Regulations (IHR) I. Ballast Water Convention (not yet in effect)
  • 4. UNITED NATIONS How do these agencies of the United Nations develop these treaties? Member states, most of the countries of the world, collaborate and negotiate the treaties that control shipping actions throughout the world’s oceans. The treaties become law in a particular country when the country ratifies the treaties and incorporate them into their law.
  • 5. UNITED NATIONS How are the Conventions enforced? Flag State Enforcement Each ship is registered in a particular country and if that country has ratified the convention, then it has the responsibility to enforce the convention. The flags that CLIA ships fly include, Bahamas, Netherlands, UK, Bermuda, Panama, Marshall Islands, Malta. All have ratified the above conventions so they apply to the CLIA ships wherever they operate. Many countries including the US and Canada delegate their inspection functions to organizations called classification societies like American Bureau of Shipping, Lloyd’s Register, Det Norske Veritas.
  • 6. UNITED NATIONS How are the Conventions enforced? Port State Control Each of the above treaties is also subject to what is called port state control which means that when a ship visits a particular country, that country can enforce the requirements of the Convention on those ships in its waters.
  • 7. UNITED NATIONS How are the Conventions enforced? Domestic Laws Countries like Canada and the U.S. have their own laws that apply to ships that operate within their waters. These laws can be those which implement the Conventions and incorporate them into their laws like the U.S. Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships or the Clean Water Act or Clean Air Act. In Canada the Canada Shipping Act, Migratory Bird Act, and Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships and for Dangerous Chemicals are some examples.
  • 8. MICHAEL CRYE EVP mcrye@cruising.org Washington D.C. Area Office: 2111 Wilson Boulevard, 8th Floor Arlington, Virginia 22201 (703) 522-8463