Tactile: Avoidance of touch, high pain tolerance, poor coordination, cleansing of hands and/or other body parts often, avoids particular textures in food, clothes, or other substances.
Auditory: over or under reacts to loud noises, covers ears frequently, impediment of speech, evades large groups of people, repeated humming or singing to self, keen to sounds other disregard.
Visual: views items (toys, books, etc.) close to face, repetitive opening and shutting of doors and/or drawers, enthralled by shiny and/or reflective items (mirrors, glass, etc.), appears overly sensitive to light.
4. Taste: Gnaws on items, prefers food either bland or extremely tasty. 5. Olfactory: does not like group settings, avoids places that are aromatic, repeatedly smells everyday household items. 6. Vestibular: panics when upside down and/or tilted to one side, seems to move awkwardly, repeatedly jumps and/or spins. 7. Proprioceptive: poor coordination, prefers rough play, gets pleasure from falling down, trouble with fine motor dexterity
Affects mainly school-age children (5 to 9 years old)
Have normal intelligence and language development
Have difficulty in social communication, social interaction, and social imagination.
Alteration in brain due to abnormal changes in embryonic cells during fetal development
Combination of genetic and environmental factors is also responsible for changes in brain anatomy. Researches revealed functional and structural differences in particular areas of brain.
Have intense obsession with 1 or more particular narrow subjects.
Struggle with decoding emotional content of faces, bodies, and sounds.
Inability to see things in another’s perspective, which causes problems in recognizing sarcasm or deceit.
Correlations between autism and cellular anomalies in cerebellum, hippocampus, and amygdala, shrinkage of cerebral vermis.
Difficulty in socializing with others.
Considered a spectrum disorder
Focuses on one thing at one time then moves on to the next subject.
Asperger’s Syndrome Brain Abnormal migration of embryonic cells during fetal development may affect the final structure and connectivity of the brain, resulting in alterations in the neural circuits that control thought and behavior