“37% of alcohol abusers and 53% of drug “29% of those abusers also diagnosed as have at least mentally ill a one serious use alcohol ormental illness. drugs” “
Is one the cause of the other?Does our DNAmake us more prone to addiction ormental illness?
A mental health problem left untreated can lead to substance abuse and addiction and vise a versa. Use of drugs and/or alcohol may also increase the symptoms or create new ones.“Alcohol and drug abuse can increase underlying risk for mental disorders. Mental disorders are caused by a complex interplay of genetics, the environment, and other outside factors. If you are at risk for a mental
Self-medicating is often used bythe person with a mental illness,to make them feel normal.“In other cases, mentaldisorders are caused by drugabuse”“MDMA, commonly known asEcstasy, produces long-termdeficits in serotonin functionin the brain, leading tomental disorders such asdepression and anxiety”
The brain registers all pleasure the same way regardless of the cause.When the pleasure isreceived, it releasesthe neurotransmitter dopamine in thenucleus accumbens, also known as the “reward pathway” The hippocampus lays down memories of this rapid sense of satisfaction. The amygdala creates a conditioned response to certain stimuli. The reward pathway remembers the pleasurable sensation which creates a “tolerance” in the individual, causing the need for more substance to mimic the feeling.
According to National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), it is estimated that 40% to 60% of a person’s vulnerability to addiction is attributed to genetics. “Several regions of the human Mental Addiction genome have been linked to Health Issues increased risk of both drug use and mental illness” Addiction and mental illness have overlapping factors such as brain deficits, genetic vulnerabilities, and/or early exposure to stress or trauma.There are risk factors such as parents with substance abuse ormental health issues, history of abuse, divorce or separation,environment, and social attitudes, that all contribute as well.
Although mental health and drug addiction can be linked together, it does not prove that one makes you more susceptible to the other. The changes created in the brain by drug addiction does affect some of the same areas of some mental illnesses.It is not surprising that they can and have beenlinked together Once a person has been diagnosed with dual disorders, it is best to treat them together and not as individual illnesses.Having a supportive family and friends is thestart to learning to control and surpass mentalillness as well as substance addiction.
www.drugabuse.gov (NIDA National Institute on Drug Abuse) www.helpguide.org (Harvard Health Publications) Www.helpguide.org (Substance Abuse and Mental Health. 01/2012) www.helpguide.org (Drug Abuse and Addiction. 01/2012) www.nmha.org (MHA. Mental Health America. Dual Diagnosis. 11/1990) www.education.com (Substance Abuse and Co-Existing Psychiatric Disorder) www.justice.gov (Drug Abuse and Mental Illness. Fast Facts)