AddictionHow cocaine affects the brain Katrina Land
What is addiction? “…the repetitive, compulsive use of a substance by a person despite negative consequences to his life and/or health.” (1) It is psychological and physical (1) A person can be addicted to food, drugs, nicotine, alcohol, sex, caffeine, etc.
Addiction continued It manifests itself in three ways: craving for the object, loss of control over its use, and continuing involvement in it despite the negative consequences (3) It is a “chronic disease that changes brain structure and function.” (3) Cocaine is one of the top three drugs that causes addiction, along with marijuana and narcotic pain relievers (3)
Cocaine Classified as a stimulant Affects the monoamine Can cause an increase neurotransmitters – in heart rate and blood norepinephrine, epineph pressure, as well as rine, dopamine, and seizures, stroke, sudde serotonin (1) n cardiac death, and “…stimulants mimic breathing failure (1) what would happen if every one of the neurons that released monoamine fired at once.” (1)
“Cocaine use causes a decrease in glucose metabolism in the brain, especially in the frontal lobes, where planning, abstract thinking and regulation of impulse behavior are governed.” Interactive TIME Science article about addiction: http://www.time.co m/time/interactive/ 0,31813,1640235,00 .html
Why do people become addicts? Most drugs hijack the chemicals in our brains that bring pleasure, and people like how they feel (at least temporarily) When the good feelings wear off, they want the good feeling to come back This cycle causes a psychological and physical need for the drug Every single brain has the potential to become addicted (1)
Maternal cocaine use Causes damage to fetal development Affects children’s brain development through: Abuse & neglect (2) Lack of attachment as an infant (2) Lack of stimulation Increased stress in the environment Possible placement in foster care (2)
Recovery Resources in Thurston County Alcoholics Anonymous (AA): aadistrict8.org Al-Anon/Alateen: wa-al-anon.org Christian Recovery: ougm.org Clean & Sober Parenting: familyeducationandsupport.org Narcotics Anonymous: spsana.org BHR Recovery Services: bhr.org State Alcohol & Drug Help Line: adhl.org Outpatient Services: therightstepinc.com
Annotated Bibliography 1. Kuhn, Cynthia, Scott Swartzwelder, Wilkie Wilson, Leigh Heather. Wilson, and Jeremy Foster. Buzzed: The Straight Facts about the Most Used and Abused Drugs from Alcohol to Ecstasy. New York, NY: W.W. Norton, 2008. Print. I focused on the chapters about stimulants, the brain, and addiction. This books gives facts about a variety of drugs as well as how they affect the brain and body. 2. Strathearn, Lane, and Linda C. Mayes. "Cocaine Addiction In Mothers." Annals Of The New York Academy Of Sciences1187.1 (2010): 172-183. Academic Search Complete. Web. 25 Feb. 2012. This article is about how maternal cocaine use affects children. Some issues that come from maternal cocaine use are abuse and neglect, foster care placement, and lack of attachment. 3. "How Addiction Hijacks The Brain." Harvard Mental Health Letter 28.1 (2011): 1-3. Academic Search Complete. Web. 25 Feb. 2012. This article features statistics on addiction and its process. It includes how addiction works in the brain and information about the difficulties of recovery. Slide 9 resources: 2010-2012 Parent Resource Guide of Thurston County (not sure how to cite this)
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