VISUAL DICTIONARY

     BY: CMU1
Air Barrier Paper

           -Air Barrier paper is a
           type of paper that is
           designed to act as
     ...
Attic Ventilation
                                         Attic ventilation is needed to keep hot
          Soffit Vent
 ...
ATTIC VENTILATION
                                Gable Vent
   Roof Turbine




                                  -This i...
Backhoe


    • A backhoe is a tractor that
        has a large, articulating
      hydraulic arm with a bucket
       on ...
Batter Boards


      • A temporary frame built just
          outside the corner of an
         excavation to carry marks...
Brick Arches
 • This is a parabolic arch.          • This is a jack arch.
• It is very common, just as it   • It is a very...
Arch with a Keystone
Centering




• This is centering which is
  the temporary scaffolding
       used in forming
  arches, domes, or vaults.
Brick Bonds
This is a Common bond which     This is a Flemish bond which
   has one row of headers for       has rows of a...
Brick Bonds
Rowlock                 Header
Brick Bonds
                        Stretcher Rowlock


Solider




 Sailor
Brick Sizes
                                • This is Roman brick which
                                  has dimensions o...
Bulldozer



    • A bulldozer is
large, powerful tractor with
 a curved blade and tracks
used for moving dirt, trees
 and...
Cladding

                      2. EFIS
1. Brick
Cladding
3. Stone              4. Wood Boards
Cladding
     5. Wood Shakes

Wood shingles/shakes are
small units of wood nailed in
  overlapping fashion with
  many oth...
Code Requirements for a
       Window
            • The IBC code for windows
               says that the window must
    ...
Code Requirements for Stairs
                 • The IBC code for
                    stairs calls for a
                  ...
Control Joints


• An international, linear
 discontinuity in a structure
 or component, designed to
 form a plane of weak...
Isolation Joints
• A concrete joint that is
 designed to separate two
 different kinds of concrete.
• This is most common
...
Concrete Masonry Unit


  • A block of hardened
   concrete, with or without
  hollow cores, designed to
 be laid in the s...
Concrete Masonry Unit
• This concrete block has      • This concrete block has
  dimensions of (4in x 8in x    dimensions ...
Decorative Concrete Masonry
            Units




         Split Face Block
Doors
Flush Door           Panel Door
                       Panel
                                       Top rail




   ...
Doors
A transom is a small window   A sidelight is a tall, narrow window
                                       along side...
Electrical Components
                                  A service head is the assembly
                                   ...
ElectricaltoComponents
A meter is the device used
keep up with the number of
kilowatt hours used by your
         househol...
Electrical Components


Duplex receptacle is the place
  where an appliance can be
   conducted to an electrical
         ...
Framing Elements
1. Anchor Bolt   2. Sill Plate
Framing Elements
3. Floor Joist   4. Subflooring
Framing Elements
5. Sole Plate     6. Stud
Framing Elements
7. Stringer     8. Top Plate
Framing Elements
9. Ceiling Joist   10. Rafter
Framing Elements
11. Sheathing   12. Roof Decking
Front End Loader



         • A large tractor having a
          shovel or bucket at the end
             of an articulat...
Gypsum Board




  An interior facing panel
 consisting of a gypsum core
 sandwiched between paper
             faces
Heat Pump
The Air Handler takes        The Compressor/Evaporator
the cold or hot air and      takes the hot refrigerant an...
Insulation
                                 Loose Fill is blown in the attic
Batt/ Blanket insulation comes
              ...
Insulation
Spray Foam insulation is used     Rigid Board insulation is foam
  to expand into all the cracks       used to ...
Lintel


 A lintel is the horizontal
member of concrete or steel
 that goes across a door or
     window opening on
masonr...
Mortar
    -This is a 3/8 inch raked mortar joint which must be tooled.
-This is probably a S type mortar joint because it...
Mortar
-This is a 3/8 inch concave mortar joint which must be tooled.
  - This is probably a type S or N mortar because it...
Oriented Strand Board


           • A building panel composed
             of long shreds of wood fiber
                 ...
Plumbing


       • This is a
lavatory, which is a sink
 located in a bathroom
 used for washing face
      and hands.
 • ...
Plumbing
Water Closet         Manufactured Tub Unit
Plumbing
A plumbing vent is a vent
                               Drop-in Sink
 located in the roof used to
regulate the p...
Plywood
 Plywood is a wood
panel composed of an
odd number of layers
   of wood veneer
  bounded together
   under pressur...
Rebar
 This rebar is ½” in
diameter. It would be
 referred to as a #4
         bar.

  The purpose of the
 deformations on...
Steep Roof Drainage
 A gutter is a channel that
  collects rainwater and      A downspout is a vertical pipe
snowmelt at t...
Steep Roof Drainage



• A splash block is a small
 precast block of concrete or
 plastic used to divert water
      at th...
Steep Roof Materials
 Underlayment is the roofing felt
   that goes down before the           Clay Tile Roof
 shingles it ...
Steep Roof Materials
  Shingles are small units of
water-resistant material nailed
  in overlapping fashion with
   many o...
Steep Roof Terms
Gable Roof      Gambrel Roof
Steep Roof Terms
Hip Roof      Mansard Roof
Steep Roof Terms



         A ridge is the level intersection
            of two roof planes in a gable
                 ...
Steep Roof Terms




 A valley is a trough formed by
    the intersection of two roof
               slopes.
Steep Roof Terms

                       Rake

                              Eave


An eave is the                       A...
Steep Roof Terms

• The fascia is the exposed
   vertical face of an eave.
                                           fasc...
Steep Roof Terms
  Roof without a fascia
Stone
Coursed Ashlar




Random Ashlar
Stone

Coursed Rubble




Random Rubble
Vapor Retarder




- Vapor retarder is a layer of material
   intended to obstruct the passage of
      water vapor throug...
Waterproofing
     -Waterproofing is an
   impervious membrane
 applied to the outside of a
           foundation.
 -It pr...
Weep Hole
 A weep hole is a small
opening whose purpose
is to permit drainage of
water that accumulates
    inside a build...
Windows


Sliding windows have
 one fixed sash and
 another that moves
horizontally in tracks.
Windows
Single Hung windows
have two overlapping
 sashes, the lower of
   which can slide
      vertically in
tracks, and ...
Windows

   An out swinging
 casement window is
hinged along the side
  of the window and
usually opens outward
 form the ...
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Visual Dictionary-CMU1

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Visual Dictionary-CMU1

  1. 1. VISUAL DICTIONARY BY: CMU1
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper -Air Barrier paper is a type of paper that is designed to act as protection for wood framed structure from moisture. -It also allows the water vapor to keep circulating so that it is not trapped and allowed to cause moisture issues.
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation Attic ventilation is needed to keep hot Soffit Vent moist air from becoming trapped in • This is a soffit vent which is your attic, if the hot moist air is trapped in your attic this could cause an opening under the eave serious problems such as mold and of a roof, used to allow air other moisture related issues. to flow into the attic or the Ridge Vent space below the roof - This is a ridge vent is a long, open sheathing. assembly that allows air to circulate • This relies all on the wind in and out of a gable roof at the and natural air movement. ridge.
  4. 4. ATTIC VENTILATION Gable Vent Roof Turbine -This is a -This draws the air and screened, louvered moisture out of the opening in a attic by way of a small gable, used for fan directed to pull air. exhausting excess
  5. 5. Backhoe • A backhoe is a tractor that has a large, articulating hydraulic arm with a bucket on the end used to move dirt from below grade, dig trenches, set pipe, and move debris. • This backhoe has a 45 inch bucket.
  6. 6. Batter Boards • A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation.
  7. 7. Brick Arches • This is a parabolic arch. • This is a jack arch. • It is very common, just as it • It is a very common type of is seen here over an arch used over windows to entryway or an ally. add aesthetical value.
  8. 8. Arch with a Keystone
  9. 9. Centering • This is centering which is the temporary scaffolding used in forming arches, domes, or vaults.
  10. 10. Brick Bonds This is a Common bond which This is a Flemish bond which has one row of headers for has rows of alternating every five rows of headers and stretchers. stretchers.
  11. 11. Brick Bonds Rowlock Header
  12. 12. Brick Bonds Stretcher Rowlock Solider Sailor
  13. 13. Brick Sizes • This is Roman brick which has dimensions of (3 ½ in x 1 5/8 x 11 5/8) • This is Modular brick which has dimensions of (3 5/8 in x 2 ¼ in x 7 5/8)
  14. 14. Bulldozer • A bulldozer is large, powerful tractor with a curved blade and tracks used for moving dirt, trees and other types of debris.
  15. 15. Cladding 2. EFIS 1. Brick
  16. 16. Cladding 3. Stone 4. Wood Boards
  17. 17. Cladding 5. Wood Shakes Wood shingles/shakes are small units of wood nailed in overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight.
  18. 18. Code Requirements for a Window • The IBC code for windows says that the window must have an minimum opening height of 24 inches, a minimum opening width of 20 inches and a minimum 5.7sqft. opening for higher than one story and a minimum of 5.0 sqft. opening for floors on grade. • This window has a max height of 36 inches and a max width of 30 ½ inches, which means it has a square footage of (36 inches x 30 ½ inches/144 = 7.6 sqft.) and that it passes code.
  19. 19. Code Requirements for Stairs • The IBC code for stairs calls for a minimum 10 inch tread and a maximum 7 3/4 inch riser. • The stairs pictured have an 11 inch tread and a 5 ½ inch riser. • The stairs pass code!!
  20. 20. Control Joints • An international, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness Crack where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or Control joint eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure.
  21. 21. Isolation Joints • A concrete joint that is designed to separate two different kinds of concrete. • This is most common where the concrete in the isolation joint needs to be stronger to support a heavier load, such as a support member for a building. • This isolation joint is separating the sidewalk from a light pole.
  22. 22. Concrete Masonry Unit • A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone. • The nominal dimensions are (8in x 8in x 16in)
  23. 23. Concrete Masonry Unit • This concrete block has • This concrete block has dimensions of (4in x 8in x dimensions of (12in x 8in x 16in) 16in)
  24. 24. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units Split Face Block
  25. 25. Doors Flush Door Panel Door Panel Top rail Stile Lock rail Bottom rail
  26. 26. Doors A transom is a small window A sidelight is a tall, narrow window along side a door. directly above a door.
  27. 27. Electrical Components A service head is the assembly by which electricity is conducted from outdoor lines to the meter base. A transformer is an electrical device that changes the voltage of alternating current.
  28. 28. ElectricaltoComponents A meter is the device used keep up with the number of kilowatt hours used by your household. A service panel is the assembly by which electricity is conducted from outdoor lines to the meter base.
  29. 29. Electrical Components Duplex receptacle is the place where an appliance can be conducted to an electrical current.
  30. 30. Framing Elements 1. Anchor Bolt 2. Sill Plate
  31. 31. Framing Elements 3. Floor Joist 4. Subflooring
  32. 32. Framing Elements 5. Sole Plate 6. Stud
  33. 33. Framing Elements 7. Stringer 8. Top Plate
  34. 34. Framing Elements 9. Ceiling Joist 10. Rafter
  35. 35. Framing Elements 11. Sheathing 12. Roof Decking
  36. 36. Front End Loader • A large tractor having a shovel or bucket at the end of an articulated arm located at the front of the vehicle.
  37. 37. Gypsum Board An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces
  38. 38. Heat Pump The Air Handler takes The Compressor/Evaporator the cold or hot air and takes the hot refrigerant and forces it through ducts runs it through coils cooling it off all over the building. and pumping it back to the air handler. Disadvantage: It is relatively noisy. Advantage: It has a quick response time.
  39. 39. Insulation Loose Fill is blown in the attic Batt/ Blanket insulation comes or wall and is graded by its in long sheets that can be heat flow resistance by inserted in between the studs measuring the thickness of the to reduce heat flow. material.
  40. 40. Insulation Spray Foam insulation is used Rigid Board insulation is foam to expand into all the cracks used to cover the interior and crevices that are in a walls between the wood framed wall. sheetrock and the studs.
  41. 41. Lintel A lintel is the horizontal member of concrete or steel that goes across a door or window opening on masonry veneer buildings to transfer the weight load to the full walls.
  42. 42. Mortar -This is a 3/8 inch raked mortar joint which must be tooled. -This is probably a S type mortar joint because it is on a veneered semi-load bearing wall
  43. 43. Mortar -This is a 3/8 inch concave mortar joint which must be tooled. - This is probably a type S or N mortar because it is on a veneered residential building.
  44. 44. Oriented Strand Board • A building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure.
  45. 45. Plumbing • This is a lavatory, which is a sink located in a bathroom used for washing face and hands. • Most lavatories have 1 ½ in pipe for draining.
  46. 46. Plumbing Water Closet Manufactured Tub Unit
  47. 47. Plumbing A plumbing vent is a vent Drop-in Sink located in the roof used to regulate the pressure of the drainage in a building and also to release sewer gases.
  48. 48. Plywood Plywood is a wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bounded together under pressure. Veneers are thin sheets of wood laid in crisscrossing patterns and glued together to make plywood.
  49. 49. Rebar This rebar is ½” in diameter. It would be referred to as a #4 bar. The purpose of the deformations on the rebar are to add to the surface area so that it bond better to concrete that it is reinforcing.
  50. 50. Steep Roof Drainage A gutter is a channel that collects rainwater and A downspout is a vertical pipe snowmelt at the eave of the for conducting water from the roof. roof to a lower level.
  51. 51. Steep Roof Drainage • A splash block is a small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout.
  52. 52. Steep Roof Materials Underlayment is the roofing felt that goes down before the Clay Tile Roof shingles it is a felt sheet that is impregnated with asphalt to help in waterproofing.
  53. 53. Steep Roof Materials Shingles are small units of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof water tight. Preformed Metal Roof is a type of roof that is made in metal sheets that can be easily lapped together to become water tight Concrete Tile Roof
  54. 54. Steep Roof Terms Gable Roof Gambrel Roof
  55. 55. Steep Roof Terms Hip Roof Mansard Roof
  56. 56. Steep Roof Terms A ridge is the level intersection of two roof planes in a gable roof.
  57. 57. Steep Roof Terms A valley is a trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes.
  58. 58. Steep Roof Terms Rake Eave An eave is the A rake is the horizontal edge sloping at the low side edge of a of a sloping steep roof. roof.
  59. 59. Steep Roof Terms • The fascia is the exposed vertical face of an eave. fascia Soffit • The soffit is the undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially the underside of a stair or a roof overhang.
  60. 60. Steep Roof Terms Roof without a fascia
  61. 61. Stone Coursed Ashlar Random Ashlar
  62. 62. Stone Coursed Rubble Random Rubble
  63. 63. Vapor Retarder - Vapor retarder is a layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly. - It is put on the warm in winter side of the building.
  64. 64. Waterproofing -Waterproofing is an impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation. -It protects the foundation form allowing moisture into the basement. -This type of waterproofing is liquid applied which cures in place and is relatively easy to detail around penetrations and other transitions, since in liquid state, the membrane can easily form itself to any shape.
  65. 65. Weep Hole A weep hole is a small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly.
  66. 66. Windows Sliding windows have one fixed sash and another that moves horizontally in tracks.
  67. 67. Windows Single Hung windows have two overlapping sashes, the lower of which can slide vertically in tracks, and the upper of which is fixed.
  68. 68. Windows An out swinging casement window is hinged along the side of the window and usually opens outward form the casement.

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