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The context of near-zero short-term interest rates from the United States, Europe, the United Kingdom, and Japan provides a huge complication for emerging market countries in terms of the potential interplay of exchange rate movements with growth prospects and inflation pressures. There is nothing like zero interest rate policies (ZIRP) from the major currencies to provide incentives for market participants to seek higher yields elsewhere, including emerging market currencies. The essential policy challenge for emerging market central banks is how to encourage economic growth in these difficult times without fueling inflation on the one hand or creating an environment that would lead to too much currency appreciation that could weaken growth prospects on the other hand.
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