Photograph of Bruce Jenkinson and Barbara Libby circa 1922
Photograph of Ione Libby holding Barbara Libby circa 1919.
Photograph of Barbara Libby age 5, circa 1923
Photograph of Barbara Libby, age 10, circa 1928
Fleur de Lis Watch pins given to Barbara by her grandmother Jenkinson.
Cover of porcelain box that sat on Barbara’s mother’s (Edna Jenkinson Libby) dresser. Given to Barbara by her grandmother Jenkinson.
Photograph, Barbara Libby circa 1935
Microsoft Clip Art
Microsoft Clip Art
Microsoft Clip Art
Microsoft Clip Art
Photograph, Barbara Libby, nursing school graduation, circa 1938
Photograph: Mr. and Mrs. William (Bill) Fournie, wedding photo, circa 1938.
Photograph, Barbara Fournie, circa 1940
Map of Mississippi, AAA
Flow Blue Plate from Grandmother Libby’s Attic
Article from the Oxford Eagle newspaper, Thursday, December 3, 1989.
Unitarian Universalist Association Chalice – http://uuoxford.com/
Traceway Retirement Community Entrance Sign – www.umssm.org/traceway.htm
Photo of Toyota Prius – www.cars.com, http://www.cars.com/carsapp/national/?srv=parser&act=display&mknm=Toyota&tf=/features/2003overview/toyota/toyota.tmpl#prius
Plate was a wedding gift and part of a collection of eight others in various colors with the same floral pattern.
Life Album For Barbara Fournie Created by Carla Libby Gentry For Nursing 4405 Aging of Self and Others
Early Childhood• Barbara Libby was born on December 12, 1918 and is the youngest of 7 children born to Merton Rudolph Libby and Edna Ione Jenkinson Libby.• 1918 was a the year of a virulent influenza epidemic. Barbara’s mother contracted the flu and died several days after Barbara’s birth.• Coming from a large family, that faced lots of challenges, the Libbys stuck together and Barbara describes the bond between family members and the outside as “the Libby’s against the world.”• Barbara spent her early years with grandmother and grandfather Jenkinson in Glen Lake, Minnesota. Barbara’s father lived nearby and kept the older children with him.
Cousin Bruce• As a child, Barbara was close to her cousin Bruce. Bruce and his step mother Hazel lived near Grandma J. and the extended family.
Siblings“I’m not like any of them”• Barbara’s older sister Ione took a role in caring for her “baby” sister.• Barbara describes her relationship with her brothers and sisters as distant because she spent so many years away from the family being raised first by her grandmother then her great aunt.
Childhood• Barbara was a precocious child and at age 6, her grandmother and grandfather could no longer handle her, so she went to live with her old maid Great Aunt, Dr. Orianna McDaniel and her housemate, Dr. Martha Morehead.
Childhood • Sometimes Aunt Hazel would pick her up for the weekends. Aunt Hazel would cook for Barbara• Barbara was raised by all the foods she liked, two old maid doctors, like Lemon Ice Box Pie. who often wondered, “what do we do with this • Aunt Hazel also helped to child?” Especially when Barbara asked difficult make Barbara’s ill questions. fitting clothes fit her better.• Barbara describes her childhood as not being • Dr. Moorhead, or Doctor, particularly happy as Barbara called her, because it was different would take her on house from the other children calls and Barbara would around her and it was stay in the car. Or on unusual to be apart from some occasions she would the rest of the family. spend this time with a woman named Mrs.• Barbara would spend the Allen, until Doctor weekend with her returned from treating brothers and sisters if her patients. father picked her up for the weekend.
Growing Up• Barbara describes her life with her great aunt as being full of humor and noted an absence of • Barbara was a self conflict. sufficient child, she was expected to get herself up• Barbara admits to and off to school on being a difficult time. She spent sometime child and was during the day with the often sent to her housekeeper, Marie. room to bed. She jokes about spending most of • If she wanted something, her childhood in she would just ask . Her bed. needs were met.
Childhood:Erikson’s Stages 1-4 • In spite of loosing her mother at birth, Barbara had a• Basic Trust vs. Basic family that cared for her and allowed her to develop trust in humanity and hope for the future. Mistrust • Barbara’s independent nature developed during this• Autonomy vs. Shame time. Having so many caregivers and changing environments prepared her well for her the adaptations she would have throughout her life. and Doubt • Barbara decided in early childhood she wanted to be a nurse. Barbara has always been purposeful in her• Initiative vs. Guilt actions and fearless. Although not a goal setter, she is able to meet those imposed from outside herself. These skills were learned in childhood.• Industry vs. Inferiority • Barbara has been known as describing herself as never having met a stranger. She was able to move into a more independent life as seen in her adolescence.
Adolescence• Barbara’s 13th year was a difficult year for her. It was during this year that her grandfather Jenkinson, to whom she was very close, died.• Barbara was given no preparation for this event . Nobody told her what to expect. Barbara remembers her Aunt Hazel taking her to the casket to her dead grandfather. She didn’t know what to expect and found the experience to be one that has formed her attitudes toward funerals to this day. To this day, Barbara does not go to funerals. Barbara describes viewing the body as “inane.”
• When Barbara was 13 ½ she had an emergency appendectomy.• Soon after her appendectomy she had surgery to correct the deviated septum that she obtained during a major childhood accident when she caught her toe on a slanted retraining wall and fell on her face.
Discovering Who I Am• During her early teens, Barbara acquired a boyfriend who carried her books home from school for her, but she never took him home to meet Auntie and Doctor. Barbara didn’t think they needed to know.
First Job• Barbara felt she needed more spending money so applied for a job she found in the want ads. She took the street car to the interview and found out the job was doing house work. Barbara didn’t want to do house work, so when she returned home, Doctor asked her about the interview. Barbara said “I didn’t get the job.”• Soon after that interview, Doctor found Barbara a job caring for one of her patients who need some help as she recovered from a fracture. Barbara learned basic caregiving-nursing skills and helped the woman with her business, which was selling dresses. Barbara indicated that she was pretty good at selling dresses. She was 15.
Early FaithDevelopment• Although she had to attend Church every Sunday with Dr. Morehead, Barbara said “it didn’t stick.”• It would not be until her elderhood, that Barbara would get back involved with a formal faith community.• Barbara didn’t go to Sunday School because the girls in her class went to the exclusive Northrup school and didn’t accept her and commented on her clothes and shoes. Instead she hung out at the YWCA across the street and made her way to the assigned pew in time for the Sunday worship service. Doctor never knew she didn’t attend Sunday School. Auntie never attended church.• Sometimes she attended Youth Group on Sunday nights, but for the most part, Barbara did not go out at night.
Life on the Farm• Her favorite time during her adolescence was going to the farm in the summers when she was 16-18. (1933-1935)• At the farm, Barbara was responsible for keeping the household running with a wood stove and no running water. She was to cook for her brothers who ran the farm.• Barbara points out that without the experiences on her family’s farm, she would not have been able to do her work as a Public Health nurse in rural Mississippi later in her life.• Barbara speaks fondly of learning how to fish and going swimming as well as the work involved with cooking for her brothers and father.• Cooking errors were fed to Keiler’s Pigs.• Barbara helped the family out by listening in on the party phone line and finding out when the neighbors planned to go to market so her brothers could beat the neighbors to market with their strawberries.
Rural Living for a “City Girl”• The butter churn went to town on each trip and when the churn came back, there was always butter. This was a trick Barbara learned from her father.• Having just learned to drive, Barbara was once sent to town and had the boy she dated, who worked at the grocery, carry the groceries to the car and back her car out for her because she had not yet learned how to do that. The young man was none the wiser and Barbara was able to complete the important task assigned by her father.• After learning to cook on the wood stove, Barbara once baked a loaf of Orange Bread, thinking that it would last for two meals. Her brother Paul came in from the barn mid morning and ate 1/3 of the loaf, commenting on how good it tasted. Soon after her brother Theron came in and ate another 1/3 of the loaf. Her father came in a few minutes later and finished off the orange loaf. Barbara was distraught by this unplanned eating of her orange loaf. Barbara soon learned that what worked in the Cities didn’t work on the farm.
Transition to Adulthood• Barbara had wanted to be a nurse from early childhood, but hated school.• After graduation from West High School in Minneapolis. Barbara had no real plans and thought about getting a job.• Doctor brought home the forms to sign up for business school and told Barbara that she needed to go to business school or enroll in nurses training at Etile Hospital. The next day, Barbara enrolled in the Etile Hospital, RN program.• Auntie and Doctor were determined that Barbara obtain an education.
Adolescence:Erikson’s Stage 5• Identity vs. Role • During this time in her Confusion life, Barbara developed a sense of female role identity that moved beyond the typical “wife and mother”. She learned skills that would help in later in her life as a public health nurse and obtained a sense of purpose for her life.
Getting and Education • “Libby, I raised You.” was the phrase often noted by her nursing school classmate Jill. • Before Nursing school, Barbara had not experienced going out for a coke and burger and knew little of fashion and style like other young women her age. Jill helped educate her in these ways.
Love and Marriage• Barbara went on a blind date with William (Bill) Fournie and found that they had met as children in Glen Lake.• Barbara completed her nurses training and Bill and Barbara were married and remained happily married until Bill’s death in 1987.• Barbara describes Bill as a calm, cool, quiet and collected individual.
Seeing the US Duringthe Second World War • During the “War Years” while her husband Bill was stationed at various bases in the US, Barbara tagged along and found near by nursing jobs and moved frequently • As a Midwesterner, she did not experience the lack of certain rationed items. Barbara shared her ration coupons with those she met when she lived on the coasts and would send rationed items to former contacts after she had moved on to a new location or went back to Minnesota between Bill’s assignments.
Life’s Challenges• In 1947 Barbara suffered from peritonitis and had to have a partial hysterectomy. The new “wonder drug” penicillin saved her life.
Yankees Move South• After the War, Bill and Barbara decided to move to Mississippi where Bill had some relatives. It was a way to avoid the ice and snow of Minnesota.• Barbara worked as a Public Health nurse in Benton County, Mississippi and other surrounding counties in Northern Mississippi. Her work focused on Maternal and Child health.• As Barbara describes her work she quotes Joseph Campbell. “I found my bliss.”
Adulthood• Barbara and Bill enjoyed making a home together.• They enjoyed collecting the furnishings from local antique shops and inherited heirlooms from family members.• Barbara describes her marriage as happy.• Barbara lived in Holly Springs, Mississippi for 45 years.
The Challenges of Addiction andIllness• 34 years into their marriage, Bill faced his Alcoholism. The possibility of divorce after 34 years of marriage was Barbara’s biggest challenge.• Living a Sober life was important to both Barbara and Bill and they were active in promoting a Sober lifestyle during the 70’s and 80’s.• In the late 1980’s Bill experienced several health problems with led to his death in 1987. This was a very sad and challenging time in Barbara’s life.
Adulthood:Erikson’s Stages 6-7• Intimacy vs. Isolation • Barbara was able to form an intimate and loving relationship with her husband Bill.• Generativity vs. • Although they could not have Stagnation children, Barbara was able to leave a legacy on several generations by improving the health of rural Mississippians through her public health work. This stage continues into the present with her current activities in retirement.
Discovering My Spiritual Self• After Barbara’s move from Holly Springs, Mississippi to Oxford, Mississippi in 1992, she became involved with the forming the Unitarian Universalist fellowship in that community.• In 1997, the UUA granted a charter to this fellowship and Barbara Fournie is a charter member.
Moving from Oxford toTupelo • In 1999, Barbara moved from Oxford, Mississippi to Tupelo, Mississippi to the Traceway Retirement Community. • She currently resides in an independent apartment in the Manor and leads an active lifestyle.
Going Strong at 84 • In March of 2003, Barbara bought a new Toyota Prius. The environmental impact of the hybrid was important to her. • Barbara expected to be driving into her 90’s when she bought her new car. • Barbara really enjoys her new car. • She received her first speeding ticket earlier this year!
Chronic Illness isn’tgoing to slow me down• Barbara was recently diagnosed with COPD.• Barbara quit smoking about 20 years ago. She says she enjoyed every cigarette she ever smoked. She is not bitter about her condition and she does not let her condition slow her down. Although she is on oxygen, she takes it with her and uses a “buggy” to assist her in walking long distances, not because she is not mobile, but because she tires easily if she has to stand or walk long distances.
Summary• Barbara describes her life as a good one.• She enjoys the freedom she has to do what she wants and thinks that staying one age would be boring.• Her biggest fear is loosing her mental capacities and not continuing to develop as a person.• She thought that this life review interview was fascinating and very interesting. “I remembered things that I forgot I remembered.”
Elderhood:Erikson’s Stage 8 • Barbara was chosen for this project• Ego Integrity vs. specifically because she exemplifies someone who is aging with a high level Despair of ego integrity. – She is wise and shares her wisdom with others. – She is realistic about her health and healthcare. – She has accepted her mortality and lives her life to its fullest. – She is accepting of her physical limitations and adapts well to working with what she has. – She has made plans to handle new limitations that the aging process will present. – She is happy with her life and has no regrets.
Credits• Special Thank to Barbara Fournie for sharing her life with me and the wonderful weekend in Tupelo.• Photographs and Mementos – Slide 3: Photograph of Bruce Jenkinson and Barbara Libby circa 1922 – Slide 4: Photograph of Ione Libby holding Barbara Libby circa 1919 – Slide 5: Photograph of Barbara Libby age 5, circa 1923 – Slide 6: Photograph of Barbara Libby, age 10, circa 1928
Credits• Photographs and Mementos (cont.) – Slide 7: Fleur de Lis Watch pins given to Barbara by her grandmother Jenkinson. – Slide 9: Cover of porcelain box that sat on Barbara’s mother’s (Edna Jenkinson Libby) dresser. Given to Barbara by her grandmother Jenkinson. – Slide 11: Photograph, Barbara Libby circa 1935 – Slides 12-15: Microsoft Clip Art – Slide 18: Photograph, Barbara Libby, nursing school graduation, circa 1938 – Slide 19: Photograph: Mr. and Mrs. William (Bill) Fournie, wedding photo, circa 1938. – Slide 20: Photograph, Barbara Fournie, circa 1940 – Slide 21: Microsoft Clip Art – Slide 22: Map of Mississippi, AAA – Slide 23: Flow Blue Plate from Grandmother Libby’s Attic
Credits• Photographs and Mementos (cont.) – Slide 26: Article from the Oxford Eagle newspaper, Thursday, December 3, 1989. – Slide 27: Unitarian Universalist Association Chalice – http://uuoxford.com/ – Slide 28: Traceway Retirement Community Entrance Sign – www.umssm.org/traceway.htm – Slide 29: Photo of Toyota Prius – www.cars.com, http://www.cars.com/carsapp/national/?srv=parser&act=display&mknm=Toy – Slide 30: Plate was a wedding gift and part of a collection of eight others in various colors with the same floral pattern.• This Life Album for Barbara Fournie prepared by Carla Libby Gentry in partial fulfillment of course requirements for Nursing 4405, Aging of Self and Others, Professor Julie Clawson, Ph.D.• Due, October 13, 2003