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Cleen annual report_2012



Cleen Annual Report in 2012

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Cleen annual report_2012 Cleen annual report_2012 Document Transcript

  • 2012
  • report scope This report is intended for all stakeholders who have an interest in CLEEN Limited (Oy) operations and the drivers behind. The report reviews the year 2012; the fourth operational year of CLEEN Ltd. It focuses on the current status and future plans of the operational principles, research and development activities, as well as communications and stakeholder relationships. Due to the nature of the company only minor emphasis is put on the financial analysis. This annual report is not the Annual Report (Toimintakertomus) pursuant to the Finnish Limited Liability Companies Act (Osakeyhtiölaki 624/2006). 6
  • index Introducing CLEEN Research Programmes ceo review 10 research programmes 38 cleen in brief 14 sgem 40 shareholders 15 fcep 42 board of directors 16 mmea 44 ccsp 48 efeu 50 desy 52 Corporate Governance operation principles 20 programmes & processes 21 r&d council 22 Network Activities & Communication r&d council members 24 selected activities 56 management 25 stakeholders 58 SRA implementation model 26 communications 61 SRA development process 27 science council & scientific advisory boards Financials 28 programme portfolio status Q1/2013 31 research 32 cleen 2.0 34 7 65 contact information 30 64 balance statement research: portfolio & overview income statement 66
  • INTRODUCING CLEEN ceo review Year 2012 was a busy year focusing on the development of CLEEN, as well as the research. Hence, the least we can do is thank all of you who have contributed to these activities. I would especially like to highlight the unselfish work done by the R&D Council’s core team, its working groups and the Science Council for their crucial contribution to the development of CLEEN’s core processes and scientific excellence. A significant number of hours have been invested in CLEEN activities, also on a voluntary basis in preparing the research programmes. p. 85, Licence to SHOK, TEM, 2013. Special thanks will also go to the representatives of various companies and research institutes that have maintained their faith in joint research activities in the important fields of material efficiency and sustainable bioenergy by persistently preparing the respective research programmes ARVI and SBES (recently renamed as BEST), a unique joint effort with Finnish Bioeconomy Cluster FIBIC Oy. In 2012, the already exceptionally comprehensive and scientifically high-level shareholder base of CLEEN Ltd was further strengthened by Finnish Geodetic Institute (FGI). The directed share issue of forty (40) shares was completed on the 2nd of July, 2012 according to the decision of the Annual General Meeting on the 21st of March, 2012. From the operational and development point of view, FGI complements CLEEN Ltd with world-class scientific excellence in geodesy, geoinformatics, cartography, navigation, positioning, and remote sensing. Complemented with the experience of FGI in the management and processing of public data resources, as well as ground forms mapping technologies, the Finnish Cleantech cluster will have a competitive edge in highly acute applications of environmental information processing (big and open data), natural resource mapping, water systems modeling and environmental impact assessment. The benefits are leveraged by deep integration into the other core competences present in CLEEN Ltd. Besides the relevant competence, the strong commitment of an internationally highly recognized research organization gives confidence that CLEEN is on the right track. The bread and butter of CLEEN is research, which has proceeded as planned in the fields of smart grids and energy markets (SGEM), future combustion engine power plants (FCEP), measurement, monitoring and environmental efficiency assessment (MMEA), carbon capture and storage (CCSP), efficient energy use (EFEU) and distributed energy systems (DESY). The programmes are intensively fertilized, thus, deliverables are popping out with increasing pace. The very topical results range from self-healing distribution networks demonstrated in Southern Finland, technologies to mitigate maritime sulphur emissions acute in the Baltic Sea, and living lab-based fine particle monitoring in Shenzhen, China. More of this can be read from the programme-specific sections. After an aggressive ramp-up, it seems that we have hit our heads on a glass ceiling of an annual research volume of €40 M in Finland, though only with the present research programme concept. From the point of view of CLEEN, this is mainly due to our incapability to clearly identify and argument our value added to the Finnish society that limits the annual Finnish public funding allocation to €20 M. 10
  • INTRODUCING CLEEN The (international) panel also noted the absence of societal stakeholders as problem owners. p. 201, Licence to SHOK, TEM, 2013 This was also clearly noted in the recently reported SHOK evaluation carried out by the Ministry of Employment and Economy in 2012. Having said that, it is fair to acknowledge the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation (Tekes) for their faith on CLEEN’s activities. Tekes has continued to be by far the most significant sponsor of CLEEN, although the national benefits have not always been as clearly highlighted as they should have. Based on my four-year experience in CLEEN’s operations, I would estimate that the industry and academia would use the CLEEN research programme concept to fulfil their global R&D&I needs to the amount of approximately €60 M annually in Finland. This indicates a demand to realise multi-industrial and multi-disciplinary joint research coordinated from and mainly carried out in Finland to address global energy and environmental related challenges. Taking into account the roughly estimated turnover of CLEEN’s shareholder companies of seventy billion euros, the industrial R&D spending of five billion in Finland and the CLEEN’s present volume of forty million euros, there is definitely a huge market for innovative and novel R&D&I services even in Finland alone. Someone could see that as an opportunity for Finland also. In order to fully utilise CLEEN’s capabilities and to ensure the value added of CLEEN’s services after SGEM, FCEP and MMEA programmes 2014 and thereafter, it is essential to actively screen and evaluate novel R&D&I models for demand-driven joint R&D&I. This does not mean that we should abandon the present research activity but, on the contrary, build on its strong foundation and to put some cheese on the bread and butter. This is what CLEEN 2.0 is about. During 2012, CLEEN development focused on fine-tuning the recently updated strategic research agenda (SRA) and, more importantly, creating a continuous and systematic process to keep it up to date. This process was intensively worked out by the R&D Council’s working group led by Mr Erkko Fontell. Parallel to that, a working group led by Mrs Marja Englund focused on screening and evaluating the most feasible public funding instruments available in Europe to realise the SRA. Both groups successfully finished their work and the implementation has begun. The process of assessing and improving scientific excellence in CLEEN’s research activities was implemented by the reinforced Science Council under the guidance of its chair, Professor Peter Lund. The preliminary assessments were carried out for CCSP, EFEU, BEST and ARVI programmes by the Science Council, as well as intermediate evaluations for SGEM, FCEP and MMEA by the programmespecific independent Scientific Advisory Boards. The most important observations relate to the identification of the programme outcomes, key performance indicators, internal cohesion, and international cooperation opportunities. The strong industrial relevance and exemplary cooperation between industry and academia was acknowledged by all Scientific Advisory Boards. On the other hand, the Science Council noted the importance of the ambitious target setting from the very early phase of programme development to ensure high scientific quality of the programme. 11
  • INTRODUCING CLEEN The (international) review panel was impressed by the research capacity and resources concentrated in the CLEEN SHOK and its ambition to establish world-class research quality in its constituent programmes. p. 200, Licence to SHOK, TEM, 2013 The contribution of the Science Council was also highly acknowledged by the international and independent team of SHOK evaluation, hence, recognizing CLEEN to be a forerunner in scientific self-assessment. Based on the survey and interviews, satisfaction with the CLEEN operations is highest among our shareholders next to industry, followed by academia. The most criticism arises from public stakeholders, which is well aligned with the above-mentioned inadequate societal impact analysis of research carried out by CLEEN. Part of the explanation may be CLEEN’s strong focus on international demand-based cross-industrial, multidisciplinary and long-term research, which may have diverted the focus too much from the present local challenges, like the renewal of traditional Finnish industrial clusters or scientific excellence of Finnish research community. Although there are impressive results, more has to be done to highlight them and especially their added value. … the breath of consortia, the improved industry-academia dialogue and the search for balance between industrial relevance and scientific excellence came across as core characteristics of CLEEN SHOK. One of the highlights of 2012 was the international and independent evaluation (SHOK evaluation) of SHOKs carried out by the Ministry of Employment and Economy in 2012. The observations were aligned with those of CLEEN programme-specific Scientific Advisory Boards. However, SHOK evaluation is naturally more generic, pointing out especially the importance of setting up clear key performance indicators, as well as identifying the outcome and its impact especially to the local society. The governance model is seen by all the interviewed persons and experts involved in the SHOK evaluation panel as professional, inclusive and effective. p. 85, Licence to SHOK, TEM, 2013 p. 202, Licence to SHOK, TEM, 2013 Another important and widely recognized opportunity is promoting the participation of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in SHOK activities. The MMEA programme consortium and the Green Net Finland association have been pioneers in that respect. For the fourth year running, SMEs are executing about one quarter of the €12 M annual research volume of MMEA and partly even in China. Clearly, the obstacles for SMEs are not related to the goodwill or legal issues, but to practicalities. The burden of programme development and general 12
  • INTRODUCING CLEEN bureaucracy has to be eased out. In MMEA, the role of matchmaker and facilitator has been also crucial in order to find the right roles for right SMEs. Otherwise, plenty of man hours will be used in preparatory meetings with a low hit rate, i.e. the probability that an SME will find its role in a wide research ecosystem. On the other hand, the opportunities for cooperation with large-cap companies and SMEs should be prioritised before separating them to company-size specific silos. The fact that also other than shareholders are free to get involved in programme activities is important as the ‘closed club’ approach would be poorly explainable in an open innovation and high societal relevance context that the SHOK provide. p. 85, Licence to SHOK, TEM, 2013 Two new development initiatives have also popped up or activated. Namely, a gas-related research programme initiative and an establishment of a legal entity (Envitori) to link, evaluate and offer open environmental data. The importance of gas in the global energy system is rising for several reasons, embedding diverse dimensions. Economically feasible technologies to utilize large shale gas formations especially in North America will have major technological, geopolitical and world trade impacts. Ecological concerns related to the utilization of these formations are shifting the focus of environmental protection from air to soil and water. Gas may cut CO2 and SOx emissions both on- and off-shore and improve energy efficiency, although, it is far from solving the climate change challenge. In addition, gas is an important fuel for dispatch power plants that facilitate weatherdependent renewable energy sources such as wind and solar energy. There are even possibilities to use renewable synthetic gas like methane or hydrogen as an energy carrier to transfer solar or wind energy from remote locations or to be used in energy storage. Hence, there are several fascinating trends and opportunities emerging, which would benefit multi-industrial and multi-disciplinary research cooperation. The Envitori initiative is based on the need for a channel to offer comprehensive, quality-assured and compatible environmental and other related open data for diverse applications. It seems that the time is now right for execution due to the liberalization of the governmental data sources, the maturity of the enabling IC technologies and the increasing public demand to take into account the state of the environment in people’s everyday lives. Envitori will be built on MMEA platform technology developed in the MMEA programme. The first actions to realise Envitori in close cooperation with MMEA, CLEEN and Sitra have been taken, but it is far from completion. As said, plenty of new ideas and processes have been set for 2013, and it is time to turn them into prosperous actions. Tommy Jacobson, CEO 21st of March 2013 13
  • INTRODUCING CLEEN cleen in brief The shareholders are very committed to the CLEEN activity and perceive it in a very positive light p. 94, Licence to SHOK, TEM, 2013 CLEEN was established in 2008 to promote industry’s competitiveness by initiating, facilitating and managing wide, deep and shared R&D&I between various industries and academia in the field of energy and environment. By complementing its mission CLEEN has a vision that the world’s leading companies and research institutes, that consider energy and environment aspects as a major success factor, will realise their joint R&D&I on CLEEN platform and that the R&D&I operations carried out within CLEEN have created and will create breakthrough innovations with a global impact. CLEEN has 45 shareholders including several international companies which are technology and market leaders globally and have significant R&D activities or interests in Finland, as well as the most relevant national research institutes. The Finnish Geodetic Institute was registered as a shareholder on 2nd July 2012 due to the completion of a directed share issue based on the decision of the Annual General Meeting on 21st March 2012. The status of Strategic Centre for Science, Technology and Innovation (SHOK) for energy and environment was granted to CLEEN in 2008 by the Finnish Prime Minister lead Research and Innovation Council. 14
  • INTRODUCING CLEEN shareholders Aalto University Metso Oyj ABB Oy Neste Oil Oyj Agrifood Research Finland, MTT Outokumpu Oyj Andritz Oy Outotec Oyj Centre for Metrology and Pohjolan Voima Oy Accreditation, MIKES Rautaruukki Oyj Ekokem Oy Ab Stora Enso Oyj Elenia Oy Technical Research Centre of Finland, VTT FCG Finnish Consulting Group Oy Technical University of Tampere Finnish Environment Institute, SYKE Technical University of Lappeenranta Finnish Forest Research Institute, Metla The Switch Engineering Oy Finnish Geodetic Institute (FGI) University of Eastern Finland Finnish Meteorological Institute, FMI University of Helsinki Fortum Oyj University of Jyväskylä Foster Wheeler Energia Oy University of Oulu Gasum Oy University of Vaasa Geological Survey of Finland, GTK UPM-Kymmene Oyj Helsingin Energia Vaisala Oyj Hollming Oy Vantaan Energia Oy Kemira Oyj Vapo Oy Kumera Oy Wärtsilä Finland Oy Kuusakoski Oy Åbo Akademi University Lassila & Tikanoja Oyj ÅF-Consult Oy 15
  • INTRODUCING CLEEN board of directors CLEEN’s Board of Directors was elected at the Annual General Meeting held on 21st March 2012. Mr Mikael Hannus (Stora Enso Oyj) was selected as Chairman of the Board in the board meeting 3/2012 held on April 27th. The board held eight meetings and a one-day strategy seminar during 2012. A total of nine “gate meetings” (two gate II, two gate III and five gate IV) were held to keep the board in touch with CLEEN’s core activities and to ensure that our programmes fulfil their expectations right from initiation through to final reporting. In addition, updates on CLEEN’s research activities and financial status were presented and discussed at every board meeting. The chairman and board members were entitled to remuneration for their attendance at meetings to the sum of €250 and €150 for each meeting attended, respectively. 16
  • INTRODUCING CLEEN Board meetings 1/2012 27.01. CLEEN (DESY gate III, MMEA gate IV) 2/2012 08.03. CLEEN (Financial statement 2011, BEST gate II) 3/2012 27.04. CLEEN (Board of Directors’ organizing meeting) 4/2012 15.06. CLEEN (Science Council review) 5/2012 10.09. CLEEN (ARVI gate II) 6/2012 17.09. CLEEN (FCEP gate IV, EFEU gate IV) 7/2012 14.11. Fiskars Wärdhus, Fiskars (BEST gate III) Technopolis Innopoli 2, Espoo 8/2012 17.12. Helsingin Suomalainen Klubi (SGEM gate IV, CCSP gate IV) Board members Deputy board members Mikael Hannus (Stora Enso Oyj) Ari Henriksson (UPM-Kymmene Oyj) Riitta Keiski (Oulun yliopisto) Pertti Järventausta Arto Hotta (Foster Wheeler Energia Oy) (Tampere University of Tech.) Ilkka Kojo (Outotec Oyj) Matti Rautanen (Metso Oyj) Outi Krause (Aalto yliopisto) Jouni Rantanen (Vaisala Oyj) Petri Lehmus (Neste Oil Oyj) Kai Sipilä (VTT) Jarmo Saaranen (VNT Management Oy) Hannu Lepomäki (BMH Technology Oy) Jarmo Tervo (Pohjolan Voima Oy) Juha Kytölä (Wärtsilä Oyj) Vesa Hynninen (Vantaan Energia Oy) Sari Siitonen (Gasum Oy) Dick Kronman (ABB Oy) 17
  • Corporate
  • Governance
  • Cleen operation principles fig.1 ccsp SAB sgem sgem desy RESEARCH SAB mmea SCIENCE COUNCIL R&D COUNCIL mmea efeu SAB fcep fcep Work Group 1 SRA Work Group 2 FUNDING SAB ccsp SAB efeu communications BACK OFFICE finance 20 legal administration
  • Corporate Governance r&d council CLEEN’s R&D Council is our most important forum for information distribution, and it acts as a channel for the shareholders to influence R&D activity within CLEEN. The Council has a central role in implementing CLEEN’s strategy, and it supports the management and the Board of Directors, for example, in updating the Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) and in developing the activities within CLEEN. The Council also aims to initiate discussions on new research programmes and to follow up the implementation of the Strategic Research Agenda by providing feedback on ongoing research projects. 22
  • Corporate Governance Various roles and objectives of CLEEN’s shareholders and research consortiums are clarified in figures 1 and 2. In 2012, the R&D Council’s two general assemblies were held in June and November (June 1, 2012 and November 19, 2012). Professor Mikko Hupa from Åbo Akademi University acted as chairman at both of these general assemblies. Professor Kaarle Hämeri from the University of Helsinki acted as deputy chair of the Council in 2012. Direction from working groups to developing the activities The R&D Council incorporates annually confirmed working groups, which support CLEEN’s development targets. In 2012, the two working groups were active in pursuing the following tasks: 1. SRA update, chair: Erkko Fontell (Wärtsilä) until November 2012 and Mikko Laakso (Vaisala) from December 2012 2. New project and funding models, chair: Marja Englund (Fortum) Continuous analysis of SRA update needs In 2011, the previous working groups came to the conclusion that CLEEN’s strategic research agenda should be updated to better correspond with the recognized new requirements. Hence, a new working group was established in November 2011, firstly, to create a new continuous updating process for CLEEN’s strategic research agenda and, secondly, to implement this process for the first time. The SRA update group created a proposal for a new SRA update process, which was accepted by the Board of Directors in November 2012. The new process is presented in figure 4. The SRA updating process was launched at the second general assembly of the R&D Council in November 2012, and it will continue until November 2013. As part of the updating process, it was decided that a new tool should be established in order to collect ideas for new research themes and projects. The collection tool for ideas is primarily targeted at the R&D Council members and, more widely, at CLEEN shareholders, but it can also be utilized in the ongoing research programmes when the consortium needs to identify ideas for further research. This new tool was released in early 2013. Project and financing models to correspond with the research strategy The starting point for the work of working group 2 was to review various project and financing models and their suitability for implementing CLEEN’s strategic research agenda. During 2012, the working group initiated a mapping process for CLEEN shareholders to identify EU platforms and working groups that the shareholders find interesting and/or in which they are active participants. The mapping will continue in 2013. In addition, the working group has discussed and analyzed the R&D&I chain as a whole and the role of SHOK-level collaboration within this chain, as well as identified the kind of project models that would be suitable for the realization of CLEEN’s new SRA (figure 3). This work will continue in 2013 by analyzing IPR rules for different funding schemes and by learning good practices from other SHOKs. The chairs of the working groups, together with the chair and vice-chair of the R&D council, the chair of the Science Council and the CTO of CLEEN, formed the core team of the R&D council, the task of which is to prepare, on the basis of the working groups’ work, the council’s proposals to the board of directors and the management of CLEEN. 23
  • Corporate Governance cleen r&d council members 31st December 2012 Company representatives Research institute representatives ABB Oy Andritz Oy Ekokem Oy Ab Elenia Oy FCG Planeko Oy Fortum Oyj Foster Wheeler Energia Oy Gasum Oy Helsingin Energia Hollming Oy Kemira Oyj Kumera Oy Kuusakoski Oy Lassila & Tikanoja Oyj Metso Oyj Neste Oil Oyj Outokumpu Oyj Outotec Oyj Pohjolan Voima Oy Rautaruukki Oyj Stora Enso Oyj The Switch Engineering Oy UPM-Kymmene Oyj Vaisala Oyj Vantaan Energia Oy Vapo Oy Wärtsilä Finland Oy ÅF-Consult Oy Aalto University University of Helsinki Geological Survey of Finland Finnish Meteorological Institute Finnish Geodetic Institute University of Eastern Finland University of Jyväskylä Lappeenranta University of Technology Agrifood Research Finland Finnish Forest Research Institute Centre for Metrology and Accreditation University of Oulu Finnish Environment Institute Tampere University of Technology University of Vaasa Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) Åbo Akademi University Jukka Tolvanen Seppo Hulkkonen Toni Andersson Jouni Pylvänäinen Yrjö Halttunen Marja Englund Reijo Kuivalainen Sari Siitonen Jussi Palola Hannu Lepomäki Kaj Jansson Jyri Talja Antero Vattulainen Mikko Talola Matti Rautanen Jukka-Pekka Nieminen Juha Ylimaunu Satu Jyrkönen Jorma Isotalo Harri Leppänen Mikael Hannus Jari Kemppi Antti Raukola Mikko Laakso Pertti Sahi Kauko Isomöttönen Ilari Kallio Pekka Järvinen Risto Lahdelma Kaarle Hämeri, vice chair Jarmo Kallio Jouni Pulliainen Tiina Sarjakoski Timo Jääskeläinen, Jorma Jokiniemi Jouko Korppi-Tommola Timo Hyppänen Markku Järvenpää Leena Paavilainen Heikki Isotalo Riitta Keiski Harri Juvonen Seppo Valkealahti Erkki Antila Kai Sipilä Mikko Hupa, chair Invited members Technology Centre Oy Merinova Ab Cleantech Cluster Program Finnish energy industries Chemical Industry Federation of Finland Finnish Forest Industries The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries Tekes 24 Lauri Kumpulainen Mari Pantsar-Kallio Kati Takala Sami Nikander Jouni Valtanen Pirjo Kaivos Teija Lahti-Nuuttila
  • Corporate Governance cleen management CLEEN Administration and Back-Office Chief Executive Officer Chief Technology Officer Finance and Funding Communications Legal and IPR Tommy Jacobson, D.Sc.(Tech.) Jatta Jussila-Suokas, D.Sc. (Tech.) Antti Tumelius, M.Sc. (Econ.) Karoliina Peippo, M.Sc. (Econ.) Essi Heinänen, Master of Laws Programme Management Carbon Capture and Storage Programme (CCSP) Distributed Energy Systems (DESY) Efficient Energy Use (EFEU) Future Combustion Engine Power Plants (FCEP) Meas., Mon. and Environmental Assessment (MMEA) Smart Grids and Energy Markets (SGEM) Sebastian Teir, D.Sc. (Tech.) Kari Sipilä L. Sc. (Tech) Jussi Manninen, Ph.D. (Tech.) Matti Kytö, L.Sc. (Tech.) Tero Eklin, Ph.D. (Chem.) Jani Valtari, M.Sc. (Tech.) 25
  • Cleen SRA implementation model fig.3 demo demo SRA Group project by research institutes Group project by companies demo Corporate r&D basic Research Tekes SHOK Programmes basic Research Joint Corporate R&D WIDE publicity restricted publicity basic Research project with china eureka fp7 horizon 2020 eegi set plan ppp kic 26 Group project by research institutes
  • Cleen SRA development process fig.4 Stakeholders informed SRA updated Programme/ project initiatives identified Input analyzed Input collected Programme/ project initiatives handed over Communication and hand-over Themes selected Description of themes, confirmation of SRA Boundary conditions clarified Evaluation and selection of themes Input collection 27
  • Corporate Governance science council & scientific advisory boards The Science Council is a key part of quality thinking at CLEEN Ltd. The basic tasks of the Science Council include evaluation and development of the scientific excellence and quality of the activities carried out by the centre of expertise. The Council assists in the implementation of research programme reviews and in the further development of quality in research activities. The review process, which consists of 3-4 review stages (preliminary, initial, intermediate and end review), is an important part of the quality control of research programmes. The Council’s role is to provide support and advice for CLEEN, sparring it onwards and upwards all the way to the top. The Council makes recommendations, but not decisions. Each programme has a designated Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) in support of the Science Council, consisting of 3-4 top international experts in the field. During 2012, the activities of the Science Council were established as a natural part of CLEEN’s operations. New members have been added to the Council, and it now consists of nine experts of different fields, each having a different viewpoint on excellence and scientific quality. The fields represented are science, energy, environment, economy, management and the corporate world. The members also have extensive experience in international issues, strategies and reviews. The Science Council is very active in its work. In 2012, the main focus of operations was on programme reviews and the quality issues related to the preparation process of programmes. The Science Council conducted a preliminary review on four programmes which were under preparation (EFEU, BEST, CCSP and ARVI); the Scientific Advisory Boards visited three programmes (MMEA, SGEM, FCEP) and carried out an initial review on them. Based on the observations made on the preliminary review, the Science Council recommends having an increased emphasis on the strategic framing of questions and including sufficiently challenging questions. The goal should be ‘beyond the state-ofthe-art.’ A stronger international, independent view in the preparation could provide added value to the current situation and consequently it would be easier to distinguish the roles of parties involved in the preparation and implementation stages. Another issue that comes up is the need for more flexible organization of research, in which case funding could be directed better according to need and performance. The Science Council would also find it useful to increase the share of spearhead research in programmes that aim for technology jumps. The initial reviews carried out by the Scientific Advisory Boards emphasise the good basic standard of Finnish research. However, there is still room for improvement in internationalization and visibility, especially in capturing the role of leadership. Correct meters for performance reviews are important, as is the meriting of researchers through international publications. Mobility of researchers within the research programme should be increased, from industry to universities and vice versa, as well as between universities. On the basis of the above observations, the Science Council has made a proposal for updating the preparation process of the research programmes of CLEEN Ltd. During 2013, measures to improve, e.g. excellence in the programme will be recommended and the quality meters of activities will be updated. Prof. Peter Lund chair of the Science Council 28
  • Corporate Governance Science Council members Prof. Peter Lund, chair Prof. Lassi Linnanen Prof. Jouko Korppi-Tommola Adjunct prof. Markku Karlsson Prof. Minna Halme Prof. Liisa Virrankari Prof. Erkki Antila Prof. Hans Söderlund Dr. Mikko Laakso Aalto University Lappeenranta University of Technology University of Jyväskylä VTT Aalto University University of Helsinki University of Vaasa VTT Vaisala Oyj Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) members Smart Grids and Energy Markets (SGEM) Prof. Ronnie Belmans (Power Systems Research) Prof. Antonello Monti (Power Utility Aspects) Prof. Lennart Söder (Integration and Interfacing Research) Katholieke Universiteit Leuven E.ON / RWTH Aachen University Kungliga Tekniska Högskola Future Combustion Engine Power Plants (FCEP) Prof. Marcus Alden (Combustion Physics and Diagnostics) Prof. Konstantinos Boulouchos (Modelling, Simulation and Energy Systems) Prof. Nikolaos Kyrtatos (Engine Emissions) Lund University ETH Zürich National Technical University of Athens Measurement, Monitoring and Environmental Efficiency Assessment (MMEA) Dr. Andreas Ciroth (Environmental engineering, LCA error calculation, sustainability consulting) Prof. Kostas Karatzas (Informatics Systems & Applications) Dr. Michel Matti Maricq (Impact of biofuels and “designer” fuels on engine emissions, PM measurements) Prof. H.W.J. Russchenberg (Environmental Remote Sensing, Mathematics and Computer Science) 29 GreenDeltaTC GmbH Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Ford Motor Company Delft University of Technology
  • Cleen research: portfolio & overview During 2012, six research programmes were ongoing in CLEEN, the total volume of which was 37.8 million euros: - - - - - - Smart Grids and Energy Markets (SGEM), 11.7 M€ Future Combustion Engine Power Plants (FCEP), 9.4 M€ Measurement, Monitoring and Environmental Efficiency Assessment (MMEA), 11.3 M€ Carbon Capture and Storage Programme (CCSP), 3.2 M€ Energy Efficient Use (EFEU), 1.9 M€ Distributed Energy System (DESY), 0.3 M€ During 2012, a total of 72 companies and 19 research institutes participated in these research programmes, and 38 % of these companies are SMEs. Strong commitment to research activities is visible in the amount financing made available by the shareholders and programme actors p. 85, Licence to SHOK, TEM, 2013 The companies funded the six ongoing research programmes in 2012 with 11,8 million euros in total. The research institutes’ share of funding was 4,4 million euros. A detailed breakdown of the funding provided by companies and research institutes can be found in diagrams 6 and 7. During 2012, CLEEN’s programmes received public funding totalling 21,4 million euros from Tekes, the Finnish funding agency for technology and innovation. In addition to the ongoing research programmes, CLEEN prepared two new programmes during 2012: • Sustainable Bioenergy Solutions for Tomorrow (BEST) • Material Value Chains (ARVI) Alongside with the preparation of the ARVI programme, a separate research project was carried out by the research institutes belonging to the CLEEN network – Advanced Solutions for Recycling Complex and New Materials (NeReMa). In the NeReMa project, the need for a more extensive SHOK-level programme was clarified and new research themes for the ARVI programme were identified. The final report showing results and conclusions of NeReMa can be downloaded from VTT website: technology/2012/T60.pdf In the preparation work of the BEST programme, CLEEN collaborated actively with FIBIC Oy, the strategic centre for science, technology and innovation (SHOK) in the field of bioeconomy. The new programme will be the first truly joint research programme between two SHOK companies. The programme will be launched in the first quarter of 2013. Furthermore, in 2012, preliminary preparations were launched on a new programme initiative related to solar energy and energy storage. A brainstorming workshop was arranged in January 2012 to clarify the research needs in these areas. 30
  • Cleen programme portfolio status Q1/2013 fig.5 Agreements DESY G III Research Consortium members G IV EFEU G II SGEM CCSP ARVI Execution Planning MMEA BEST FCEP Target setting GV SOLAR STORAGE GI Reporting FINAL ASSESSMENT SRA Initiatives G = Gate SGEM = Smart Grids and Energy Markets FCEP = Future Combustion Engine Power Plant MMEA = Measurement, Monitoring and Environmental Efficiency Assessment CCSP EFEU DESY BEST ARVI 31 = Carbon Capture and Storage Programme = Efficient Energy Use = Distributed Energy Systems = Sustainable Bioenergy Solutions for Tomorrow = Material Value Chains
  • Cleen research fig.6 fig.7 fig 6. Allocated resources made by industry to CLEEN’s programmes in 2012 ABB Aerial AGCO Sisu Agnico Eagle Finland Aidon A-Lab Andritz Anturikeskus Cubio Cybersoft Dekati Ecocat Eigenor Ekogen Elektrobit Elenia Empower Emtele Envor Group Fatman Fingrid Fortum Foster Wheeler Energia Gasek Gasmet 8.4 % 0.2 % 8.5 % 0.3 % 0.2 % 0.4 % 0.4 % 1.1 % 1.0 % 1.0 % 0.9 % 0.3 % 1.1 % 0.0 % 1.6 % 1.3 % 6.1 % 1.2 % 0.0 % 0.7 % 1.1 % 6.8 % 0.4 % 0.0 % 0.3 % Gasum Green Net Finland Harp Technologies Helen HiQ Finland Helsinki Region Environmental Services Authority (HSY) HT Enerco Indmeas Jyväskylän Energia Kemira Kumera Lentokuva Vallas Luode Consulting Measurepolis Development Metso Modulight MW Power Neste Jacobs Neste Oil Nordkalk Nokia Siemens Networks Numerola Osakeyhtiö SKF Aktiebolag Oulun Energia 1.6 % 0.5 % 0.7 % 2.9 % 2.1 % 0.7 % 0.0 % 0.9 % 0.2 % 0.4 % 0.3 % 0.7 % 0.2 % 0.4 % 6.2 % 0.8 % 0.0 % 0.3 % 0.5 % 0.2 % 2.7 % 0.4 % 0.4 % 0.2 % Outokumpu Outotec Pegasor Ramboll Finland Rautaruukki, Ruukki Metals Raahe Savosolar Space Systems St1 Suur-Savon Sähkö Stora Enso Tapojärvi Tekla TeliaSonera The Switch There Corporation Tieto Vaisala Vantaan Energia Wapice Vibrometric Viola Systems Wärtsilä ÅF-Consult Total In the case of the DESY programme, companies do not do any in-kind but fund the programme. 32 0.2 % 0.2 % 2.1 % 1.2 % 0.6 % 0.0 % 0.4 % 0.0 % 0.1 % 0.7 % 0.1 % 1.4 % 0.2 % 1.1 % 1.7 % 0.8 % 8.0 % 0.3 % 0.2 % 0.8 % 0.9 % 12.0 % 0.3 % 100 %
  • fig.8 fig.9 fig 7. Allocated resources made by research institutes to CLEEN’s programmes in 2012 Aalto University Finnish Meteorological Institute Finnish Geodetic Institute Geological Survey of Finland (GTK) University of Helsinki University of Jyväskylä Lappeenranta University of Technology Helsinki Metropolia University of Applied Sciences Centre for Metrology and Accreditation (MIKES) MTT Agrifood Research Finland 14.5 % 4.7 % 1.2 % 0.6 % 1.2 % 0.7 % 9.5 % 0.5 % 2.4 % 0.7 % University of Oulu Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE) University of Tampere Tampere University of Technology Turku University of Applied Sciences University of Eastern Finland University of Vaasa VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Åbo Akademi Total fig 8. SME contribution in CLEEN programmes in 2012 SME LargeCAP Research Institutes Total 11.5 % 39.3 % 49.2 % 100 % fig 9. Funding Tekes Companies (incl DIF) Research organizations Total 56.8 % 31.4 % 11.8 % 100 % 33 4.8 % 3.3 % 0.4 % 18.6 % 0.7 % 2.6 % 2.9 % 28.8 % 2.0 % 100 %
  • Corporate Governance CLEEN 2.0 Leveraging expertise and competence Target – Looking at THE blue sky The aim of the CLEEN 2.0 project is to openly and widely look for blue-sky opportunities to leverage the present expertise, competence, processes and networks of CLEEN Ltd in new fields. This does not mean abandoning our current open innovation and demand-driven joint research activities but, on the contrary, building on them. Timewise, the target is to envision attractive future opportunities, or at least their elements, for the Annual General Meeting of CLEEN Ltd on 21 March 2013. However, no decisions or actions for implementation, but novel initiatives for discussion, are expected in 2013. CLEEN’s current strengths emerge from the ability to i) identify the global demand for new competence and knowledge, as well as opportunities emerging from the energy and environment-related grand challenges (SRA), ii) recognize the best available resources to fulfil that need (research ecosystem), iii) project the required actions (research plan and resourcing), and iv) orchestrate the execution (research programmes). The opportunity of CLEEN 2.0 lies in finding out other areas where these abilities could be of high value. Background – An opportunity In recent years CLEEN has built, led and facilitated open innovation ecosystems between industries and research institutions to address significant global societal challenges and business opportunities. The capability of CLEEN to bring together top knowledge and resources has grown significantly. At the same time, the pace of development of businesses and science, as well as the amount and availability of knowledge, have exploded. The grand challenges have become more systemic in nature, and the speed of innovation is crucial to gain a competitive edge. All in all, this drives cross-industrial and multi-disciplinary open innovation where strategic resources, e.g. IPR, are shared in order to reach a common outcome and added value. Furthermore, this will break down company, industry, discipline and geographical silos. There is a definite demand and opportunity for the CLEEN approach. Based on the above reasoning and on the vital renewal of the company, the CLEEN 2.0 project was initiated by the CEO, approved by the Board of Directors in Q3/2012, and facilitated by Mr Aki Koivistoinen of Dazzle Ltd. The kick-off took place at the annual strategy seminar of the Board of Directors on the 13rd of November, 2013. The project proceeded by clarifying the current value proposition, value capture, key resources and operations. This was followed by open brainstorming sessions with diverse stakeholders to create a number of possible value propositions, out of which a shortlist of three to five would be selected for more detailed investigation and evaluation. The final phase will include the selection of one or two most potential ones for the evaluation of the opportunities included versus actions and investments needed for implementation. Forums and contributors – Open and open-minded The CLEEN 2.0 project has been promoted by four diverse forums: the Board of Directors, the Shadow Board of Directors, the open workshops, and the surveys of stakeholders. Moreover, the findings of the SHOK evaluation released on the 12th of February, 2013 have been taken into account as impulses. The Board of Directors is the project owner, with a task of steering the project and analyzing and synthetizing the outcomes of various contributors. The Shadow Board of Directors was formed to introduce ’out-of-the-box’ thinking, i.e. to challenge conventional thinking. It comprises strong opinion leaders from various stakeholder groups, including industry, academia, NGOs, and governmental actors but which are all outside the traditional energy and environment cluster. In the brainstorming workshops, 34
  • Corporate Governance the participants representing diverse backgrounds co-created, developed and validated novel value propositions. By stakeholder surveys the project has been sparked especially by small and medium sized companies (SME). Outcomes – Release time and space ’CLEEN is addressing the future challenges by concentrating world class competence in Finland. In addition, could we analogically solve present problems independently of their geographic location?’ Below are highlighted some exemplary initiatives just to give a flavor of the outcomes and thinking • ’A man on the moon’. Aggressive target setting instead of thematic focuses. A clear and shared target to identify, link and concentrate the required competences to address systematic challenges. In addition to new solutions, the significant outcome will be a business ecosystem being able to realize it. • ’Invest in Fintelligence’. Set up a central and significant competence, innovation and business development network node in Finland with a narrow but dynamic world-class focus. Enlarge the shareholder base and research consortiums with highly competent foreign companies and research institutes. • ’Export the CLEEN concept’. Apply the open innovation model of CLEEN in a selected emerging market to embed Finnish competence into the R&D&I network of the target market. Establish a foreign CLEEN affiliate as a joint venture with the industry and research institutes of the target market. • ’Parallelization of research to business process’. Simultaneous execution of fundamental research, applied research, product development, piloting and commercialization in close cooperation in a single programme. Immediate closed-loop piloting of research to get feedback to guide research. • ’New business incubation’. Apply a corporate venture capital approach to establish the identified missing actors in ecosystems or spin-off intellectual property. Concentrate resources, share risks and mitigate the dominance of established businesses in the start-up phase. • ’Cross-SHOK SHOK’. Merge with other SHOK(s) to leverage best practices and re-identify grand challenges with an order of magnitude leap. Set a very narrow and coherent national focus. Recognize open innovation as well as wide and deep R&D&I cooperation as the core competence of the Finnish innovation system. • ’From the future to the present’. Identify the present systematic challenges, recognize the best competences needed, set up the ecosystem, plan and facilitate the actions. Use the best available resources and knowhow to realize the solution and demonstrate the added value of cooperation. Copy and multiply the solution globally. • ’Growth by SMEs’. Create global ecosystems, value networks and demonstration platforms for proof-of-concept studies to enable growth and internationalization of SMEs. Design SME-friendly IPR practices to promote participation and engagement. • ’Energy and environment to Cleantech’. Rebrand CLEEN Ltd from an ’energy and environment SHOK’ to a ’Cleantech SHOK to better meet the actual operations and thinking of CLEEN Ltd. Emphasize and reinforce the global demanddriven approach over the local resource-driven approach. Current key elements in CLEEN 2.0 comprise stronger international cooperation, deeper and wider collaboration, speeding up innovation, leveraging the position in the R&D&I axis, and increased diversity and growth by engagement of SMEs and foreign actors. 35
  • programmes
  • RESEARCH PROGRAmMeS 02 01 sgem fcep Smart Grids & Energy Markets Future Combustion Engine Power Plants 03 04 mmea ccsp Measurement, Monitoring & Environmental Efficiency Assessment Carbon Capture & Storage Programme 05 06 efeu desy Energy Efficient Use DISTRIBUTED ENERGY SYSTEMS 38
  • RESEARCH PROGRAmMeS arvi material value chains best SUSTAINABLE BIOENERGY SOLUTIONs 39
  • RESEARCH PROGRAmMeS 01 sgem SMART GRIDS & ENERGY MARKETS The aim of the Smart Grids and Energy Markets (SGEM) research programme (2010-2014 with five Funding Periods) is to develop globally applicable smart grid solutions that can be demonstrated in full scale utilizing the Finnish infrastructure. At the same time, the benefits of an internationally networked research environment will accumulate the know-how of world-leading ICT and smart grid providers in Finland. Statistics of publications Journal Articles 31 | Conference papers 115 | MSc and BSc Thesis 78 | PhD Thesis 4 | Technical Reports 166 | Other 36 | Total 430 40
  • RESEARCH PROGRAmMeS The key areas of the research are: 1. smart grid drivers and scenarios, market integration and new business models 2. future infrastructure of power systems 3. active resources of the smart grid 4. customer interface for the smart grid 5. intelligent management and operation of smart grids The SGEM consortium consists of 20 industry and eight research partners. Industry partners consist of six companies operating in the energy technology area, five local Distribution System Operators (DSOs), the Finnish national Transmission System Operator (TSO) Fingrid, and eight companies operating in the ICT sector. The programme is scheduled to run for five years, and its total budget is €55 million. During the third funding period (3FP), the SGEM programme structure remained the same as during the second funding period (2FP), with seven work packages which all had a separate WP manager. The structure created during 2FP was found to be successful, and the process of integrating partner objectives into larger common deliverables and Proof-of-Concepts continued throughout 3FP. WP1 concentrated on international relations, the planning of the SGEM programme in the fourth funding period (4FP), and the benchmarking of SGEM results. Additionally, work around the overall smart grid roadmap continued. Questions such as drivers affecting grid development, security of supply, and incentives and implications of DG were investigated. In WP2, Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT) and Suur-Savon Sähkö continued to demonstrate real-life operation of a low-voltage direct current (LVDC) network. The Proof-of-Concept of a small network with four households has been successfully in operation for eight months, and the customers have been satisfied with the reduction of short interruptions and improved power quality. The WP3 work focused on the future aggregate potential of different load appliances for Demand Response (DR) in HV networks. In WP4, Helen Sähköverkko has rolled out the infrastructure needed for large-scale dynamic DR tests and is currently performing tests and data analysis together with VTT. Solar panels and EV charging units have been installed for customers as part of the testing environment. The feedback collection phase and customer interviews are currently ongoing and will be reflected in future deliverables. Additionally, measurement data from E.On Kainuu direct load control field tests were analyzed. Practical implementations of the lab demo of LV network management system utilizing RTDS simulation environment, AMR-meters and home energy management systems (HEMS) controlling distributed energy resources (DER) have been finalized, and various tests are currently ongoing. WP5 mainly focused on the effect of distributed generation on distribution networks. The research has mainly resulted in improved simulation models for analyzing wind generator control models, short-term wind generation forecasting, and rules for the grid connection process for microgeneration. Internationally, the project has collaborated with IEA WIND Task 25 and the Nordisk Toppforskning TFI programme. A Proof-of-Concept on self-healing networks was achieved in WP6. The Proof-of-Concept consisted of calculation of automatic fault location at the substation, combined with the utilization of public wireless networks and first tests with a low-cost fault indicator. The accuracy of fault distance calculation was around 1-2km, and it was also possible to detect temporary faults. The main highlights of WP7 include a new model for the optimization of retailer profits in various operational environments, an analysis of various network tariff structures, a proposal for business models for load control management, as well as the creation of a model for cable life-cycle management. The first spin-off company was launched from SGEM when the AC2SG company was established in spring 2012, focusing on IT systems for the Smart Grid environment (e.g. Electric vehicle charging and invoicing). Research activities were initially started within Nokia Siemens Networks, and now continued within the spin-off company. Financially, the programme has stayed within the budget of the programme: 52% of the overall 3FP budget was spent, and 50% of the planned resources were used by 31 October 2012. Cumulatively calculated from the beginning of the programme, 80% of the total budget has been spent, and it is estimated that 93% of the full SGEM budget will be spent by the end of 3FP. The start of 3FP activities was delayed due to a delayed funding decision, and due to the replanning needed after the changed funding percent (and the withdrawal of Alstom Grid and the reductions of NSN). At the moment, 49% of the planned deliverables are finalized, but the majority of the results are targeted to the end of 3FP (28 February 2013), and more focus will be placed on their finalization. 41
  • RESEARCH PROGRAmMeS 02 fcep Future Combustion Engine Power Plants The Future Combustion Engine Power Plants (FCEP) research programme (2010-2014 with four Funding Periods) is focused on reciprocating engine and related power plant technologies. The objective of the programme is to improve energy efficiency and the environmental impacts of combustion engine power plants to meet future market requirements. Statistics of publications Scientific Articles 47 | Internal Deliverables 37 | BSc Thesis 2 | MSc Thesis 17 | PhD Thesis 3 | Lic Thesis 2 | Patent Applications 5 | Notifications of inventions 4 | Total 117 42
  • RESEARCH PROGRAmMeS The key areas of the research are: 1. energy efficiency 2. emission reduction 3. alternative energy sources 4. the application of new concepts, designs, and materials. The main research topics are combustion process, energy efficiency of the engine and auxiliaries, such as heat recovery systems and power conversion technologies, emission control, fuel flexibility, as well as automation and control for optimized power plant usage. In addition, there is an important national objective to establish unique, world-class research facilities in Finland for energy-producing combustion engines and their auxiliary systems. The duration of the FCEP programme is 1 January 2010 – 31 December 2013 with a total programme volume of €37.8 M. The research is conducted by eight industrial partners and nine research partners. There have been no changes in the consortium during the first three years. The key achievements of 2012 are briefly highlighted in the following. for thermoelectric energy recovery; the first demonstrators were built and one set-up was tested on a test engine. FEM modelling continues in order to optimize manufacturing of thermoelectric elements. In efficient power conversion, the main focus of the task has been on developing and testing control methods for the system where the battery energy storage is directly connected to the DC link of the propulsion drive converters or to the DC distribution system. The study of methods to improve the efficiency of the generators continued with a FEM analysis of generators made of different grades of electrical steel. A prototype of an adaptive mass damper has been built and tested. The tests showed that the tuning algorithm works well, minimizing the vibration. In the area of engine combustion, attractive results were achieved from large eddy simulation (LES) turbulence modelling for gas flows, fuel sprays and combustion. First results were also obtained from a fully optical single-cylinder research engine, and the inside cylinder measurements give valuable data for both engine design and modelling. The utilization of novel optimization methods for low fuel consumption and emissions of a large bore gas engine was a real success. A record cylinder pressure of 300 bar was reached during spring 2011. Currently, 300 bar cylinder pressure is used frequently to push the performance limits of diesel power plants further. A lot of knowledge has been gained through the development and analyses of novel type of SCR catalysts, testing of SCR catalysts in a SCR test bench and testing of methane catalysts at an engine laboratory. The hybrid scrubber development activity proceeded to test system delivery, but the tests were delayed due to missing operating permit from the relevant flag state. In the high-speed engine area, after a comprehensive study with various technologies, a future generation 6-cylinder prototype engine with many of the tested features combined has been designed and manufactured. In the area of energy efficiency, new engine integrated devices have been designed and built for testing. Electro-hydraulic valve actuators / flexible gas exchange development are proceeding well: both the direct actuated piezo injector prototype and the new electrically assisted turbocharger are ready for testing. The results of a new smart fuel pump prototype show that a new pump can increase engine efficiency by up to 1 percentage unit on part loads. A testing facility for the low-temperature Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) process has been designed and the execution phase has started. Work has been continued by developing demonstrators The process control of power plant engines and the power plant itself will be improved by utilizing novel methods to introduce adaptive and fault detection capabilities in order to achieve optimal control throughout the lifetime of the plant. During the third period of the FCEP project, significant progress has been made towards the given targets. Deeper understanding and increased knowledge have been obtained regarding, for example, smart grids, fault diagnostics, and sensor technology. Financially, the programme has proceeded keeping to the original budget in all areas except new research infra, which is showing some delay. 43
  • RESEARCH PROGRAmMeS 03 mmea Measurement, monitoring & environmental efficiency assessment The aim of the Measurement, Monitoring and Environmental Efficiency Assessment (MMEA) research programme is to develop new technologies, methods, tools and services for environmental observation systems both in industrial processes and in the surrounding environment. The programme started in May 2010 and is planned for five years (2010-2015) comprising of five Funding Periods (FP) with a total budget of 54.5 M€. Statistics of publications Journal Articles 51 | Conference papers 62 | MSc Thesis 11 | PhD Thesis 6 | Technical Reports 37 | Innovation disclosure form notifications 3 | Patent applications 6 | Other 25 | Total 201 44
  • RESEARCH PROGRAmMeS The key areas of the research are: 1. Interoperable environmental measurement systems 2. Environmental efficiency management system 3. New online and remote sensing technologies 4. SME program. The MMEA consortium is truly cross-sectional and multidisciplinary; the consortium consists of 46 partners, 33 of which are companies, including 20 small and medium-sized enterprises. MMEA is characterized by its SME power. The contribution of the SME companies represents about one quarter of the total research volume. For the third funding period (FP3), two new partners (Finnish Geodetic Institute and Lentokuva Vallas Oy) joined the consortium, significantly strengthening it in the area of geodetic sciences and remote sensing. For FP3, the Tekes eligible budget is €11.4 million and for FP2 it is €11.6 million. The total Tekes eligible budget for the period 2010–2015 is €54.5 million. During 2012, the MMEA programme was focused further. Both external and internal cooperation was improved. During the period of 2010–2013, MMEA’s research network has been gradually increasing. MMEA has tight cooperation between the projects funded by the Academy of Finland, such as PATHWAY. FiDiPro Professor Chandrasekar’s research group at Colorado State University has also been linked with MMEA research in the area of remote sensing. The China Testbed joint research project is also progressing well. Cooperation has been established with an enterprise group project and with several national and EU research projects. The MMEA Platform concept has proven to be interesting for both industry and academia. A scientific advisory board (SAB) was formed during early 2012, with two members from academia and two from companies. SAB’s main task was to critically evaluate the scientific quality and implementation of the programme. As a general outcome, the scientific quality was evaluated very high. However, in the area of internationalization and dissemination, it was observed that further improvements were necessary. Improvements are put into full action during FP4. It was also decided by the MMEA steering group that a dedicated MMEA communications officer would be appointed from the beginning of FP4. Exploitation of research result looks promising. One spin-off initiative is under development. Several MMEA research results have already been utilized in the partner’s internal product development and commercialization projects. Several patent applications are also in progress and, additionally, at least three innovation disclosure notifications have been reported. One enterprise group has been initiated and several are known to be in the preparation phase. The work package of interoperable measurement systems has continued to open up the data sources and the development of tools for environmental monitoring data processing chain (the MMEA platform technology), the MMEA Testbed, as well as the concept of environmental information market place, EnviTori. The platform technology provides tools that facilitate data processing chain development. Testbed is a system that connects selected data sources to Testbed web pages and to selected applications, and EnviTori enables data sharing on a commercial basis. EnviTori’s vision is to enable development of an environmental monitoring service that creates new solutions for various end-user problems. Version 2.0 of the Platform was released in 2012. 45
  • RESEARCH PROGRAmMeS 03 mmea Measurement, monitoring & environmental efficiency assessment 46
  • RESEARCH PROGRAmMeS In the SHOK summit 2012, the MMEA Platform result was awarded by the SHOK prize. The result demonstrated real-time environmental monitoring, decision-making and reporting. The award was granted to the demonstration comprising wireless real-time indoor measurements, visualization and utilization of the MMEA platform. HiQ Finland Oy and VTT had a special role in establishing the winning demo. During FP3, the work between data fusion and environmental efficiency assessment work packages has been gradually merged in order to generate a development platform for the environmental management system at the end of the programme. In the data fusion and modelling research, there are several advances, such a generic tool for online monitoring of process measurements, including a novel method to analyze false values. A predictive emission monitoring system was also developed for NOXs. This method will be applied to other applications during FP4. An LCA-based analysis of environmental efficiency has been developed for a cardboard packaging system, biogas production and industrial wastewater treatment. In the research area of remote sensing, a wide range of new know-how and expertise has been created. The main achievements are related to the portable 3-band radar, advanced lidar systems, and new algorithms for weather and environmental radars. In the particles and emissions research area, several interesting research results were obtained in the area of new particle measurement instruments, including their simulation, calibration and testing. Stationary, mobile and airborne measurements were deployed to characterize chemical and physical properties of particulate matter (PM) in the lower troposphere. The series of studies on PM in emissions was completed with mixed wood pellet and coal combustion in a CHP plant. In the development of aircraft measurements, the focus has been on the measurements of particle and gas phase composition in vehicle plumes. During FP3-FP5, sensors and systems created within MMEA will be applied in various pilot cases. This is enabled by the MMEA Testbed connectivity and interfaces. In the business applications work package, SME activation and roadshows have been continued. The national initiative to create a storm damage risk management system was continued. A Future Session of the FinNode and FinPro was arranged by GNF and China Testbed, called Exploring China – Future Business Opportunities in Environmental Monitoring in China. The event proved to be very successful. Moreover, a project plan entitled Green ICT, including the establishment of testbeds in three Finnish cities, was prepared for the Ministry of Employment and Economy and approved for implementation during 2013. In the China Testbed pilot, a memorandum of understanding was signed during 2012. The EnviObserver (EO) software with mobile application has been installed in a server in Shenzhen for testing. The air quality instruments have been modified and prepared to be implemented in Shenzhen University. The pilot proceeds to investigate the utilization of various data sources and business potential of the environmental monitoring services. Special focus is on the utilization of the MMEA Platform. 47
  • RESEARCH PROGRAmMeS 04 ccsp CARBON CAPTURE & STORAGE PROGRAMME The main objective of the Carbon Capture and Storage (CCSP) research programme is to achieve technological and conceptual breakthroughs in know-how, development and commercialization of CCS for participating companies and research organizations and at the same time building up novel collaboration coalitions between the parties. Statistics of publications journal articles 6 | Conference papers 7 | MSc and BSc thesis 9 | PhD thesis 2 | PhD Thesis 2 | Technical reports 51 | Other 3 | Total 78 48
  • RESEARCH PROGRAmMeS The key areas of the research are: 1. CCS in process industry 2. CCS in Combined Heat and Power (CHP) with Bio-CCS as a specific topic 3. CCS-related monitoring methods & technologies 4. Acceptability of CCS 5. Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC) 6. Mineral carbonation The CCSP consortium consists of 16 industrial and 9 research partners. The industrial partners comprise leading boiler manufacturers, power plant operators, CO2 intensive industries, as well as equipment, instrument and service providers. The research partners consist of the top Finnish research institutes and universities. The research programme started up in 2011 and is scheduled to run for 5 years. The total programme volume is targeted at 20 M€. In addition, national participation in various international networks related to CCS is organized via the program. Active international research collaboration is also carried out with the Swedish CCS project, NORDICCS and ICT (India). In 2012, analysis and sampling methods for emissions from carbon capture processes were developed, and these have even lower detection limits than those of other laboratories in the field. This has gained interest from foreign operators and developers working with CO2 capture processes. CCSP has collaborated with the Zero Emission Platform and Biomass Technology Platform Joint Task Force and published a report on bio-CCS. The report states that Bio-CCS can make a significant contribution to climate change mitigation if biogenic CO2 emissions are acknowledged and incentivized in the EU ETS. A cold model test rig has been constructed and used for developing chemical looping combustion (CLC). Simulation tools for CLC have been further developed, including a one-dimensional dynamic model that has been validated against the experimental data obtained from a 120 kW CLC pilot unit located at the Vienna University of Technology. The first estimate on the geological storage potential of CO2 in the Baltic Sea has been made in CCSP. The preliminary results show that there seems to be a significant potential for storage of CO2. The work continues in the Swedish CCS project, and the results are shared with CCSP. Results from the evaluation of CO2 capture processes for the steel industry show that significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions are possible with both post combustion capture (PCC) and oxygen blast furnace (OBF) technologies. The first prototype for seismic characterization and monitoring of CO2 storage sites has been tested in collaboration with EU projects CO2SINK and MUSTANG. The data is currently being analyzed for improving the prototype. The first assessment regarding public acceptance of CCS in Finland has been made by analyzing Finnish stakeholders’ opinions regarding CCS technology and the public debate about CCS technology in the Finnish press. A road map for CCS projects from an environmental and legal perspective has been created. The road map shows which actions need to be taken and which issues need to be considered to assess the social and environmental impacts when initiating an CCS project. The first laboratory pilot plant for storing CO2 as precipitated calcium carbonate using steelmaking slags is being built. The plant is expected to be operational in 2013. 49
  • RESEARCH PROGRAmMeS 05 efeu efficient energy use The Efficient Energy Use (EFEU) research programme (2011-2016) aims to build knowledge and competence to enable future economic growth in new energy efficiency product and service innovations. Methods and tools will be developed to measure, model, analyze and optimize energy efficiency at the system level instead of optimizing individual system components. Statistics of publications Scientific Articles 9 | Internal Deliverables 2 | BSc Theses 1 | MSc Thesis 3 | Total 15 50
  • RESEARCH PROGRAmMeS The key areas of the research are: 1. Understanding and measuring energy efficiency 2. Analysis and optimization of complex systems 3. Technology research 4. Energy efficiency services and solution The focus areas are regional energy systems, energy chains, and industrial systems. Although independent, the focus areas are quite closely linked to one another. Each of the focus areas will need to undergo major systemic changes due to changes in regulation, consumer behaviour and new technology. The planned duration of the EFEU programme is 4.9.2011 – 31.12.2016 with a total programme volume of €12 million. The research study in 2012 was conducted by eight industrial partners and five research partners. For the second funding period starting in 2013, the number of industrial partners has increased to 12. The key achievements of 2012 are briefly highlighted in the following. A design tool for improving energy efficiency in pumping systems has been developed for process designers in the industry. A new mineral dryer utilizing waste-heat has been successfully developed in lab-scale. Tools for optimal integration of new energy chains into regional energy systems have been developed and tested in case studies. One of the cases looked at the possibility of converting a condensing power plant into a CHP-plant and its integration into district heating system. First concepts are emerging for energy service business models and supporting tools for regional energy systems both in Finland and abroad. A novel combination of primary energy and exergy analyses has been developed to create an analysis tool that improves our capability to compare alternative energy chains and process options, and can allocate emissions and energy losses to multiple products and waste streams. 51
  • RESEARCH PROGRAmMeS 06 desy Distributed Energy Systems The Efficient Energy Use (EFEU) research programme (2011-2016) aims to build knowledge and competence to enable future economic growth in new energy efficiency product and service innovations. Methods and tools will be developed to measure, model, analyze and optimize energy efficiency at the system level instead of optimizing individual system components. 52
  • RESEARCH PROGRAmMeS The key areas of the research are: 1. Hybrid solutions and energy storage; towards efficient sizing, optimization and simulations tools for hybrid energy systems 2. Business concept; analysis, service, financing, market analyses, risks, potential, scenarios, energy policy, law enacting, trends of sustainable society 3. Local energy, sustainability and energy self-sufficiency; energy efficiency, environmental impacts, life cycle, recycling, town planning, infrastructure The Distributed Energy Systems (DESY) programme consist of 12 industrial partners and six research partners. The total programme volume for 2012-2014 is one million euros. The programme consists of DESY Research carried out by research institutes and universities and through DESY Demonstrations. Demonstration projects are currently processed, and they have their own timetables depending on investment decisions. A fully implemented DESY programme will increase the production of renewable energy, and it will especially raise the use of hybrid energy technologies, including energy storage, to a new and higher level via optimal solutions. A clear need for reliable information is recognized on the performance of hybrid renewable energy systems and for dimensioning the methods and their optimal operation, which could aid in providing reliable information on the applicability and feasibility of new distributed energy systems. It is also important to identify the bottlenecks in implementing renewable energy systems and to create a platform for product development by companies. The DESY Programme will analyze, compare and recommend the best and most efficient business model alternatives among the many renewable energy paths available for business opportunities in today’s technological platforms. Methods will be developed for designing and sizing hybrid energy components and optimizing the entire system. The goal is to optimize hybrid energy systems using the best available components and optimal dimensioning to fulfil the environmental criteria set on the energy systems of the future. Each research partner will develop their own component models for hybrid energy systems, and they will be coupled to operate together as a hybrid calculation model. The final model could be used as a design and operation model for hybrid energy systems using renewable energy sources. This programme brings together the energy users, energy producers, technology providers, engineering and consultant companies and researchers, whose ambition is to tackle the present and foreseen challenges of distributed energy systems, laying the ground for their real market penetration. DESY creates a mutually supportive partnership network, which generates and distributes information; creates a global vision for future energy production opportunities, new technologies, systems and business models; promotes development and testing of new products, systems and business models for the development of new business concepts; generates new innovative hybrid energy solutions and their dimensioning methods, e.g. optimal solutions of hybrid combination for small municipalities/buildings based on heat pump, solar and wind energy, micro-turbine, stove, boiler, CHP, hydropower, biodiesel, fuel cell and products of biorefineries. Active demonstration cases: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Bio-falsifier plant connected to bio-ethanol plant, Envor Group Oy Geoenergy, Vaasa, Vaasa UN Property Eco-Energy Centre, Karjalohja Eco-CHP demonstration plant, Ekogen Oy Energy Village – Creating regional energy self-sufficiency, Ostrobothnia, Sevon Inst./Vaasa UN Drop in the Sea – Integrated hybrid renewable energy solutions for island operation, Island Ostrobothnia, Sevon Inst./Vaasa UN Self-sufficient farm, Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä UN Zero-energy building, Hyvinkää, Fortum Oyj The Programme also strives to create international cooperation with foreign partners, e.g. joining with EU and IEA programmes. 53
  • Cleen selected activities in 2012 APR MAR 02.04 Science Council meeting 08.03 CLEEN Board meeting 10.04 EFEU Programme Steering Group (PSG) meeting 01.02 ARVI preparation workshop 21.03 CLEEN Annual General meeting, Helsinki 12.04 FCEP Programme Steering Group (PSG) meeting and seminar 03.02 Science Council meeting 26.03 SHOK brunch for media 20.04 SGEM roadshow (Green Net Finland) 27.01 CLEEN Board meeting 07.02 SGEM Programme Steering Group (PSG) meeting 29.03 MMEA seminar, Vuokatti 24.04 Cleantech Finland partners’ meeting 30.01 CLEEN & FIBIC workshop on bioenergy 15.02 MMEA Programme Steering Group (PSG) meeting FEB JAN 24.01 MMEA & SGEM roadshow, Oulu 25.04 SHOK summit 27.04 CLEEN Board meeting 31.01 CLEEN & Finpro workshop on solar energy 56
  • AUG JUL 20.08 SRA working group JUN MAY 08.-10.05 MMEA Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) in Finland 09.05 MMEA seminar 17.08 ARVI steering group 02.07 Cooperation possibilities with TEM Strategic Programme for the Cleantech Business & CLEEN 01.06 CLEEN R&D Council meeting 04.06 Science Council meeting 22.08 New project and funding models working group 24.08 Research cooperation possibilities, Embassy of Israel in Helsinki 28.08 MMEA Programme Steering Group (PSG) meeting 15.06 CLEEN Board meeting 30.08 Research cooperation possibilities with SHOKs and Catapults (UK) 20.06 ARVI workshop 09.05 CCSP Programme Steering Group (PSG) meeting SEPT 03.09 Research cooperation possibilities, meeting with the The Danish Council for Strategic Research 04.-06.09 SGEM Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) in Finland 05.09 Finland-India innovation group (TEM): Introduction of the SHOK concept 05.09 Introduction of CLEEN to the Estonian Association for Environmental Management 06.09 CCSP seminar 07.09 Exploring new opportunities for Finland – Malaysia cooperation in ICT 14.05 New project and funding models working group 22.05 Valtioneuvoston innovaatiopoliittinen selonteko, asiantuntijapuheenvuoro CLEENiltä 10.-12.09 CLEEN evaluation panel 10.09 CLEEN Board meeting 22.05 NORDICCS & CCSP workshop 10.09 NORDAC 2012 conference (SGEM) 22.05 ARVI workshop 13.09 ARVI steering group 23.05 Strategisen huippuosaamisen keskittymien (SHOK) johtoryhmän kokous, Tekes 13.09 SHOK brunch for media 18.-20.09 FCEP Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) in Finland 30.05 SRA working group 20.09 MMEA seminar 57 OCT NOV 17.10 CLEEN Board meeting 01.11 Science Council meeting 22.10 Introducton to CLEEN Ltd, Catapult conference in London, UK 02.11 ARVI steering group 04. - 08.11 SITRA delegation to Korea on resource efficiency, introduction to CLEEN 07.11 TIVIT Foresight seminar - Introduction to CLEEN Ltd 08.11 BEST steering group 09.11 Cooperation possibilities with TEM and CLEEN 12.11 New project and funding models working group 13.-14.11 CLEEN Board meeting and strategy workshop 15.11 EFEU impact day seminar 19.11 CLEEN R&D Council meeting 27.11 DESY steering group DEC 04.12 SRA working group 05.12 SGEM Programme Steering Group (PSG) meeting 11.12 FIN-E2 workshop 13.12 BEST steering group 14.12 ARVI steering group 17.12 CLEEN Board meeting 20.12 Science Council meeting
  • NETWORK ACTIVITIES stakeholders Partners: SHOK companies: FIBIC Oy (former Forestcluster), FIMECC Oy, RYM Oy, SalWe Oy, TIVIT Oy Cleantech Finland Finnish Environmental Cluster for China, FECC Energy Technology Cluster Program, Teknologiakeskus Oy Merinova Ab Cleantech Cluster Program, Lahti Science and Business Park Ltd EERA Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in Helsinki, Finland Embassy of the Russian Federation in Helsinki, Finland Embassy of Israel in Helsinki, Finland Nordic Energy Forskning (TFI) Finnfacts (part of TAT Group) Research Institute of the Finnish Economy Finnish Water Forum Finnfund German-Finnish Chamber of Commerce Finnish-Russian Chamber of Commerce Service providers: Governmental organizations: Tekes – The Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation Academy of Finland Ministry of Employment and the Economy Ministry of the Environment Motiva Finpro Technology Academy Finland (TAF) Non-governmental organizations: Confederation of Finnish Industries (EK) The Federation of Finnish Technology Industries Finnish Energy Industries Chemical Industry Federation of Finland Finnish Forest Industries The British Embassy in Helsinki, Finland Embassy of the United States in Helsinki, Finland Audipek Translation Agency Dazzle Oy Translation services Delingua Oy Dream Broker Oy Translation services Network and management consulting Online communications tools Entre Marketing Oy Exhibition and event marketing Inno-W Oy Web pages and research portal Kuudes Kerros Helsinki Oy Strategic brand design consultancy Meltwater Group Netprofile Oy Novel Management Consulting Oy Pohjoisranta Oy Ramboll Finland Oy Media relations Surveypal Oy Talenom Oy Teonsana Communications Survey and data collection Communications Network and management consulting Communications Network and management consulting 58 Accounting and finance Communications
  • NETWORK ACTIVITIES Other forums Cooperation with SHOKs ‘User-driven Service Innovation and Co-creation Management (NOMAD)‘-project, 01/2012 – 12/2014, Consortium led by University of Vaasa ‘Service and social innovations - policy needs and potential impacts (SOPPI)‘-project, 2012 – 2014, Consortium led by VTT Science Foundation Ireland (SFI) Research Centres Programme, Scientific Panel Review, ICT Energy Panel, 29 – 30 May 2012 Norden, Top-level Research Initiative, Sustainable bio-fuels, programme committee, 2010 – Työ- ja elinkeinoministeriön Ympäristöliiketoiminnan strategisen ohjelman neuvottelukunta, 2012 – (Strategic Programme for the Cleantech Business) Ympäristöministeriön Ympäristöinnovaatiopaneeli (2009 – 2010) ‘ICT 2015’ group The Finnish Environment Institute´s advisory board, 1.2.2010 – 31.3.2014 International Environmental Engineering program of Helsinki Metropolia University of Applied Sciences Doctoral Program in Energy Efficiency and Systems (EES), coordinated by Aalto University ‘Innovatiivisuutta julkisiin investointeihin (IJI)’, project coordination group Suomen Energiaekonomistit (Society for Finnish Energy Economists) The International and Public Relations Divisions at ProCom – the Finnish Association of Communications Professionals The companies having the SHOK status (CLEEN Ltd, FIBIC Ltd, FIMECC Ltd, RYM Ltd, SalWe Ltd, TIVIT Ltd) have arranged several meetings in various compositions in order to share and review best practices, to explore cooperation opportunities and to coordinate research efforts. Frequent meetings have been arranged with • • • • Chairmen of boards and CEOs, CEOs and CTOs CTOs Communications personnel The intensive cooperation has realized in the form of joint marketing efforts (e.g. SHOK-summit, marketing material and common SHOK web pages) and shared resources (e.g. legal counsel). An example of a concrete cooperation with SHOKs is a joint programme preparation with FIBIC Ltd to launch a bioenergy focused research programme (BEST) during the first quarter of 2013. The BEST programme aims to create a comprehensive vision of the future bioenergy ecosystem including identification of various sustainability measures and the most sustainable value chains. 59
  • NETWORK ACTIVITIES Identification and documentation of knowledge gained from the SHOK research programmes At CLEEN, we have recognized a clear need for more detailed identification and documentation of knowledge gained from research programmes in order to adapt it to a more utilizable form and to refine it further into new business operations, new jobs and, consequently, increased tax revenue. In order to improve the process of identifying and documenting the knowledge arising from research programmes, CLEEN is currently running a Tekes-funded ‘Cleendevep’ project for developing procedures to identify knowledge gained from research projects. In addition, CLEEN has also participated in the EAKR-funded ‘Innovatiivisuutta Julkisiin Investointeihin’ project (http://www., with a subproject of ‘Ideasta innovaatioksi’. The objective of this subproject is to develop an operating process for CLEEN for identifying and assessing the potential of scientific publishing, business potential and societal impact of the knowledge arising from SHOK research programmes. Within the project, efforts have also been made to discover pilot areas in Southern Finland for knowledge identified in CLEEN research programmes. The results of the four competence clusters’ and CLEEN’s strategic cooperation model project, which was completed in 2012, have also been utilized in these projects. An operating process for more efficient identification and documentation of knowledge gained from the SHOK research programmes has also been implemented for CLEEN in the ‘from idea to innovation’ (Ideasta innovaatioksi) subproject. The key stages of the operating process are describing the knowledge, defining the knowledge type, defining the burdens and price related to the utilization of the knowledge, and publishing the knowledge in a public database. The operating process will be piloted during the current year. Within the scope of the subproject, CLEEN has also carried on extensive cooperation with regional innovation and development organisations, such as Green Net Finland, Culminatum Innovation Oy Ltd, Häme University of Applied Sciences (HAMK), Lahti Science & Business Park, and Lappeenranta University of Technology. Collaboration related to the subprojects has progressed furthest with HAMK, with CLEEN Ltd being involved in the planning of the new district of Engelinranta, which is to be built in Hämeenlinna. The expertise of the DESY programme has been utilized in the planning, and a technology survey related to distributed energy production in support of the planning work and to identify possible piloting opportunities has been drawn up in accordance with the targets of the project. Possible needs for technology surveys will be investigated together with all subprojects of the IJI project. If a suitable subject for a pilot venture is identified within the research programmes, a pilot plan will be drawn up for it. This way we can promote the launch of new solutions on the market and increase the societal impact of research activities. 60
  • communication communications In 2012, CLEEN’s communications function continued making CLEEN a recognized and preferred platform for joint research in the field of energy and environment both nationally and internationally. Another important goal during 2012 was to ease and to make internal communications efficient for our shareholders and research programme members by providing them with the right tools, such as internal workspaces for each programme in a renewed SharePoint platform. The primary channels for communication between CLEEN and our stakeholders have been our website, research programme workspaces and public sites, the CLEEN eNewsletter, various other publications and articles, as well as presentations. In order to serve better our Finnish stakeholders, we are in the process of translating the public sites of the research programmes into Finnish. The process will be completed during 2013. In response to our stakeholders’ needs, we have produced various marketing materials, including CLEEN brochures, research programme factsheets, and success cases of the main results. In social media, the professional CLEEN LinkedIn group has been active for information and opinion sharing. The group is also a platform for CLEEN stakeholders to provide relevant information from their own point of view. The number and activity of the members in the CLEEN group grew in 2012, totalling more than 570 members (March/2013). In order to communicate more efficiently about the results of the research programmes, dedicated communication teams have been established for the ongoing programmes. The communications team consist of Programme Manager, Chair of the Programme Steering Group (PSG), CLEEN Communications Manager, CLEEN CTO, communications persons from partner organizations, and other active persons from the programmes, such as Work Package leaders. In 2012, the programme communications teams held altogether 16 meetings, and the extra effort everyone has put into this work is valuable and appreciated. Therefore we would like to extend our thanks to everyone involved in the teams. CLEEN’s communication with the media has mainly been channelled through our website, press releases, special publicity events and seminars by our research programmes, the SHOK summit, and social media. Articles covering CLEEN have appeared both in Finnish newspapers and magazines and globally, for example, in China Daily and in the European Energy Innovation publication. The second SHOK summit one-day-event organized together with six SHOKs was held in Helsinki in April 2012. In 2013, we will again organise a CLEEN annual seminar (in June), inviting national and international experts and leaders in the field of energy and environment. The second CLEEN annual seminar will focus on the results. In 2012, we continued to build up close cooperation with Cleantech Finland to coordinate the message of the Finnish Cleantech competence and to join forces for enhanced international visibility. Cooperation with other SHOK companies, Tekes and the Academy of Finland has been strengthened through regular communication meetings (six meetings in 2012). Based on the work of the SHOK communications team, a media brunch concept was introduced, and two successful events were held in 2012 in order to make SHOKs more visible and recognized. For internal improvement, Tekes organized social media training for SHOK personnel and programme managers in 2012. Related links: CLEEN homepage: | CLEEN intranet (requires login) | CLEEN Linkedin group: | CLEEN in Wikipedia: CCSP portal (requires login): | DESY portal (requires login): | EFEU portal (requires login): | FCEP portal (requires login): | MMEA portal (requires login): | SGEM portal (requires login): SHOK web pages: 61
  • financials
  • INCOME STATEMENT Currency EUR 1.1.2012 –31.12.2012 1.1.2011 –31.12.2011 NET TURNOVER 2,406,302.55 Other operating income 237,101.10 Raw materials and services External services -1,913,552.37 Staff expenses Wages and salaries total -412,657.03 Other operating expenses -197,387.35 1,403,378.51 245,333.02 OPERATING PROFIT (LOSS) 119,806.90 Financial income and expenses Other interest and financial income From others 66,457.58 Interest and other financial expenses For others -1,254.22 -1,060,705.65 -343,080.79 -171,809.92 73,115.17 58,202.73 -133.39 PROFIT (LOSS) BEFORE EXTRAORDINARY ITEMS 185,010.26 131,184.51 PROFIT (LOSS) BEFORE APPROPRIATIONS AND TAXES 185,010.26 131,184.51 Income taxes Taxes during accounting period -45,476.57 -34,313.41 -45,476.57 -34,313.51 PROFIT (LOSS) FOR THE FINANCIAL YEAR 139,533.69 “NET TURNOVER” includes CLEEN Commission (€735,629.60), Programme Management Cost (€580,942.06), Direct Industrial Funding (€1,088,441.20) and other income (€1,289.69). CLEEN Commission is entered as income based on the stage of completion of the programmes. For Programme Management Cost and Direct Industrial Funding, CLEEN Ltd has exactly the same amount of liabilities towards Programme Parties to cover the budgeted programme management costs and Industrial Partners’ direct funding to Research Partners. CLEEN Commission, Programme Management Cost and Direct Industrial Funding are charged in advance and entered as “Advances received” in the balance sheet from where they are entered as income based on the realized costs and therefore do not have any effect on “OPERATING PROFIT”. “Other operating income” (€237,101.10) consists of public funding by Tekes due to CLEEN Ltd’s Tekes project CLEENDEVEP. The amount entered as income is based on the actual Tekes payments made in 2012 and the payment to be applied in Q1/2013 (€129,429.00) based on the costs entered for CLEENDEVEP in 2012 according to the Tekes funding decision (327/11). The payment to be applied is 96,871.10 entered on the balance sheet as “Prepayments and accrued income”. “Wages and salaries total” comprises the staff expenses of the permanent personnel, as well as the remuneration paid to the members of the Board of Directors, the Science Council and the Scientific Advisory Boards. From the income point of view, the financial position of CLEEN Ltd is satisfactory but sustainable from the perspective of the next couple of years. Significant investments have to be made continuously in communications, internal R&D and programme development in order to maintain competitiveness and recognition of the CLEEN platform. This is crucial in order to maintain annual research program volume and further CLEEN commission when the first programmes (FCEP and SGEM) end in 2014. CLEEN Ltd was granted extension to the CLEENDEVEP project until the end of 2013, after which “Other operating income” will decrease essentially. However, in 2013 “Other operating income” is still expected to rise moderately as CLEEN participates in the ERDF-funded project concerning innovative public investments in energy and environment. 64
  • Balance statement Currency EUR 1.1.2012 –31.12.2012 1.1.2011 –31.12.2011 ASSETS CURRENT ASSETS Debtors Short-term Trade debtors Loan receivables Other debtors Prepayments and accrued income 1,333,136.37 0.00 12,397.32 179,369.68 379,740.36 0.00 6,236.39 134,673.89 Cash and cash equivalents 3,447,931.19 520,650.64 3,420,881.41 ASSETS TOTAL 4,972,834.56 3,941,532.05 LIABILITIES CAPITAL AND RESERVES Subscribed capital Subscribed capital Other reserves Free invested equity reserve 1,002,500.00 1,002,500.00 1,002,500.00 1,002,500.00 1,581,500.00 1,537,500.00 Retained earnings (loss) Profit (loss) for the financial year 1,581,500.00 1,537,500.00 138,201.01 41,329.91 139,533.69 96,871.10 2,861,734.70 2,678,201.01 CREDITORS Short term Advances received Trade creditors Other creditors Accruals and deferred income 1,454,956.21 973,323.67 453,068.00 167,884.76 91,263.05 36,464.97 111,812.60 85,657.64 2,111,099.86 1,263,331.04 2,111,099.86 1,263,331.04 LIABILITIES TOTAL 4,972,834.56 “Advances received” comprises CLEEN Commission (€121,222.92), the Programme Manager Cost (€273,319.09) and Direct Industrial Funding (€1,060,414.34) invoiced by CLEEN in advance. The same applies to “Trade creditors”, which mainly consists of Direct Industrial Funding invoices filed, but not paid in 2012. “Prepayments and accrued income” (€179,369.68) consist of transferred interest (€49,940.68) and the Tekes grant for CLEENDEVEP (€129,429.00) to be applied in Q1/2013. 3,941,532.05 The directed share issue of forty (40) shares to Finnish Geodetic Institute was completed according to the decision of the annual general meeting on 21st of March, 2012. The total payment of €44,000 (€1,100 per share) is entered as “Free invested equity reserve”. The relatively high “Free invested equity reserve” ensures flexibility to adjust and develop the company’s operations due to possible unexpected or sudden changes in its environment. 65
  • contact information contact information Tommy Jacobson, CEO +358 40 828 2711 Jatta Jussila-Suokas, CTO +358 40 825 6500 Karoliina Peippo Communications Manager +358 40 542 3399 Antti Tumelius, Controller +358 40 722 7542 Essi Heinänen Legal Counsel for SHOKs +358 400 469 905 Kari-Matti Sahala Development Manager Green Net Finland ry +358 50 383 6448 66
  • contact information Sebastian Teir CCSP Programme Manager +358 20 722 4653 Kari Sipilä DESY Programme Manager Jussi Manninen EFEU Programme Manager +358 40 535 5947 Matti Kytö FCEP Programme Manager +358 40 502 6334 Tero Eklin MMEA Programme Manager +358 50 374 6840 Jani Valtari SGEM Programme Manager +358 50 335 2730 Jatta Jussila-Suokas Sustainable Bioenergy (BEST) Material Value Chains (ARVI) +358 40 825 6500 67
  • CLEEN Ltd., Eteläranta 10, 00131 Helsinki, Finland Business Identity Code: 2200705-1 72