CLA CAP Presenta

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CLA CAP Presenta

  1. 1. CAP Reform Overview Charlotte Lay CLA Conservation Adviser Charlotte.lay@cla.org.uk
  2. 2. Consultation in Autumn 2013 Headline Decisions: • Modulation at 12% (reviewed in 2017) • No Certification Scheme • Awaiting EFAs, Active Farmer & Dual Use Background
  3. 3. • Policy objectives • Capability to monitor / audit Vs • The RPA • Disallowance Risks (£600m - 2005-2012) DEFRA Implementation
  4. 4. • 30% of Direct (Pillar 1) Payments • Penalties apply after first two years (2017) 3 elements: • Crop diversification • Permanent grassland • Ecological Focus Areas (EFAs) Greening
  5. 5. Crop diversification • Arable area 10 – 30 Ha: 2 crops - Main crop < 75% • Arable Area 30 Ha or more : 3 crops - Main crop < 75% - 2 crops < 95% Winter & Spring crops = defined as separate Species/ sub species ‘Permanent’ crops = exempt Greening - 1
  6. 6. Permanent Grassland • National ratios will apply rather than farm level • Continuous grass for 5 years+ • Defra can designate further areas as ‘environmentally sensitive’ Greening - 2
  7. 7. Ecological Focus Areas (EFAs) •5% of arable area •Eligible if arable land >15 Ha •Weightings for each option •Options could include: -Fallow land, nitrogen fixing crops, catch crops, short-rotation coppice, Buffer Strips, Landscape features Greening - 3
  8. 8. •Certified Organic •Natura 2000 (SSSIs) •More than 75% Permanent Pasture (only if you have less than 30 Ha of arable land) •Double Funding Greening ‘Exemptions’
  9. 9. England is currently broken down into 3 payment areas: - Non-SDA, SDA and Moorland - Defra likely to amend these areas and payment amounts – sending money ‘uphill’ Regional Payments
  10. 10. 2 parts: 1. ‘Negative List’ • Exempt if direct payments > 5% of non ag. income • Exempt if ag. activities are ‘not insignificant’ • Exempt if principal objective is ag. activity Negative List: Water works, airports, railway services, permanent sport & recreation grounds, real estate services Member States can extend this list Active farmer - Negative List
  11. 11. 2. ‘Minimum Activity’ • Growing crops or rearing animals • Keeping land in condition to support grazing / cultivation • A minimum activity on ‘naturally kept land’ Active Farmer - Minimum activity
  12. 12. • Capping – no longer on the table. • Minimum reduction in payments over €150,000 of 5% • Only subject to 70% of Direct Payments (not greening) • Salaries will not be offset against deducted amount Capping / ‘Degressivity’
  13. 13. • The minimum claim size will be increased from 1 Ha to 5 Ha • Around 15,000 RPA claimants in 2012 were <5 Ha • 50,000 Ha of land covered • Cross Compliance failures high in this category Minimum Claim Size
  14. 14. • England will rollover existing entitlements into 2015 • Can be traded after 1st January 2015, but only to ‘Active Farmers’ • Excess entitlements removed after 2015 claim • Can be transferred between June and mid-October 2014 • 2 year usage rule applies Entitlements
  15. 15. • Mandatory • Younger than 40 • Additional annual payment for 5 years • 25% top up of average payment per/Ha • Limit set at 90 Ha • No added eligibility criteria • Up to 2% of Direct Payments Young Farmers Scheme
  16. 16. • Revised scheme as part of the new look RDPE – NELMS: One scheme, one set of options • Higher baseline/entry requirements • ‘Open to all’ but the bar has been raised • New element to incentivise coordination amongst claimants • Dual Use Revised agri-environment schemes
  17. 17. Pillar2Pillar1
  18. 18. • All claims are likely to be online only • All AES and BPS schemes will be in one place • CLA in discussion with DEFRA on how to deal with those who cannot go online • The CLA are lobbying for hard copy guidance... Claiming post 2015
  19. 19. Thank you Charlotte Lay CLA Conservation Adviser Charlotte.lay@cla.org.uk

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