Timber frame construction


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DT117/4 Sustainable Build & Design - Class Presentations

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Timber frame construction

  1. 1. Niall Mc Govern<br />Student Number: C06575790<br />Sustainable Design and Build<br />Project Presentation<br />
  2. 2. Timer Frame Construction<br />
  3. 3. What is Timber Frame Construction?<br />This method relies on timber frame beams as a means of structural support for the proposed building.<br />It is often referred to as “lightweight construction.”<br />It is an engineered, quality assured building method that is the norm in most parts of the developed world.<br />Over 70% of people in the developed world live in timber frame housing. <br />Timber frame is currently the fastest growing method of construction in Ireland.<br />
  4. 4. 3D Model of Timber Frame Structure<br />
  5. 5. Completed Timber Framed Structure<br />
  6. 6. Origins of Timber Frame Construction<br />Some of the earliest known timber houses in Europe have been found in Scotland and England dating to Neolithic times.<br />It was adopted as a means for rapid construction in potentially adverse weather conditions. <br />Timber frame has been around successfully for hundreds of years, while traditional, brick and block construction has only been in widespread use since the 1930's. <br />In terms of strength and durability, timber frame is the most tried and tested form of construction in the world.<br />
  7. 7. Construction Process of External Walls<br />During construction, open panel timber frame is covered internally by plasterboard.<br />Filled with high performance insulation.<br />Moisture/vapour barriers are incorporated.<br />The outer leaf of the wall (typically stone or brickwork) completes the structure. <br />The timber frame is supported/attached to the external wall using stainless steel braces.<br />
  8. 8. Internal Composition of Walls <br />
  9. 9. Construction Process of Internal Walls<br />Internal wall construction is similar to external wall construction, with studs at either 400mm or 600mm centres.<br />Horizontal beams (noggins) fixed to prevent lateral buckling.<br />A damp proof course should be provided to the underside of all ground floor partitions when sitting on concrete or blockwork.<br />Internal partitions are usually lined with 12.5mm plasterboard, fixed and skimmed.<br />
  10. 10. Internal Application of Timber Frames <br />
  11. 11. 3D incorporation of Timber Frame<br />
  12. 12. Advantages of Timber Frame<br />Incredibly quick construction times, promoting greater efficiency speeding up project durations.<br />The panels are manufactured in a factory environment under strict quality practices and engineering terms.<br />Can incorporate a large variety of exterior finishes.<br />The versatility of wood can give great scope for architectural and engineering design.<br />It lends itself well to prefabrication and mass-production.<br />by far the most environmentally friendly way to build.<br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14. Environmental Advantages of Timber Frame<br />Wood is a highly effective insulating material. The average fuel maintenance cost of a timber frame home is approximately 40% less than for masonry buildings. <br />Timber frame is a “dry” form of construction which avoids the long drying out period associated with “wet” construction. A standard masonry construction needs up to 1500 gallons of water to evaporate before it is dry.<br />Wood is an ecologically friendly and renewable resource. Using it reduces the effect of global warming.<br />The manufacture of wood products uses less energy than the manufacture of other man made products. <br />
  15. 15. Disadvantages of Timber Frames<br />Poor prevention of capillary movement of water within any exposed timber, leading to eventual creeping and warping.<br />Poor acoustic insulation, footsteps and movements in adjacent rooms easily heard. <br />Decisions of unit and shelf locations must be made in design stage in order for placement of studs.<br />Wood boring insects and pest commonly present in wood frames.<br />All wood will eventually rot. <br />
  16. 16. Examples of Wood Rot<br />
  17. 17. Irish Companies in the Business<br />Kingspan. <br />Kelly Frame Timber.<br />Eco Homes.<br />Cygnum Ltd<br />S.B.S. Timber Frame Ltd.<br />J McMahon Timber Frame.<br />ITEC Homes.<br />A-Frame.<br />Century Homes.<br />
  18. 18. Conclusion<br />Timber frame manufacturing is economically friendly and cost effective.<br />Affordable and desirable homes.<br />Complies with a vision of sustainable development in Ireland. <br />Dominates the industry with high levels of profit and return.<br />Main disadvantages regard degradation of beams - frequent preservation advised.<br />