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9. decline of rehabilitation and the conservative backlash
9. decline of rehabilitation and the conservative backlash
9. decline of rehabilitation and the conservative backlash
9. decline of rehabilitation and the conservative backlash
9. decline of rehabilitation and the conservative backlash
9. decline of rehabilitation and the conservative backlash
9. decline of rehabilitation and the conservative backlash
9. decline of rehabilitation and the conservative backlash
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9. decline of rehabilitation and the conservative backlash

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CJCJ's Executive Director Daniel Macallair, is a practitioner-in-residence at San Francisco State University (SFSU)'s Department of Criminal Justice Studies. These slides are from his California …

CJCJ's Executive Director Daniel Macallair, is a practitioner-in-residence at San Francisco State University (SFSU)'s Department of Criminal Justice Studies. These slides are from his California Corrections System course materials.

Published in: Education, News & Politics
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  • 1. Decline of rehabilitation and the conservative backlash The era of mass incarceration 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • 2. California Prison Population 1851-2010 (rate per 100,000) 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • 3. Major events of the 1970s• 1973 Gate money increased to $200• Indeterminant sentencing comes under attack• Publication of the Martinson Report 1974• 1977 passage of the determinant sentencing act (PC 1170)• 1977 Reinstatement of the California death penalty 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • 4. Determinate Sentence Determinant sentencing goals:A sentencing model that  Punishmentestablishes a narrow range  Incapacitationof punishment for a specific  Retributioncrime, taking previous  Restitutioncriminal convictions into  Public Safetyconsiderations.  Deterrence 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • 5. Incapacitation TheoryGeneral Incapacitation Selective Incapacitationtheory Theory argues that reductions in  premised on the crime rates are achieved existence of a small but through higher identifiable number of imprisonment rates since offenders who can be the offender cannot imprisoned and isolated commit new crimes while from the rest of society. incarcerated. 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • 6. The 1980s Prison Boom 1852 -1980 – California builds total of 12 prisons 1980 inmate population = 20,000 1981 first prison bond passed by voters launches the largest prison building effort in history 1982 California voters pass Prop 8 creating the victims Bill of Rights 1982 Selective Incapacitation study published by RAND 1984-94 Prison building era 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • 7. Funding the prison boom General obligation bonds Lease revenue bonds 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • 8. Total Number of Prisons in California by 1994 Total Number California prisons: 33  # of Prisons Built: 1852- 1984 = 12  # of Prisons Built: 1984- today = 21 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013

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