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6. special needs offenders - substance abusers
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6. special needs offenders - substance abusers

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CJCJ's Executive Director Daniel Macallair, is a practitioner-in-residence at San Francisco State University (SFSU)'s Department of Criminal Justice Studies. These slides are from his Community …

CJCJ's Executive Director Daniel Macallair, is a practitioner-in-residence at San Francisco State University (SFSU)'s Department of Criminal Justice Studies. These slides are from his Community Corrections and Sentencing course materials.

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine

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  • 1. Special Needs Offenders Challenges of Community Treatment 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • 2. Successful Treatment Providing support, understanding, andmotivation to promote short and long term behavior change 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • 3. Special Needs Offenders in the Community• Substance abuser• Sex offender• Mentally ill• Developmentally disabled• Lifestyle offenders• Homeless offenders• Chronic unemployed offenders 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • 4. Types of Commonly Abused Substances• Alcohol• Stimulants• Hallucinogens• Depressants• Opiates• Marijuana 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • 5. Types of Drug Users• Experimenters• Floaters• Compulsive users 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • 6. Substance Abuse Intervention Models• Strict Abstinence with immediate Sanctions• Harm Reduction with permissible relapse 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • 7. Common Substance Abuse Treatment Methods• Drug testing• Alcoholic/Narcotics Anonymous• Behavior modification• Outpatient Treatment• Methadone Treatment• Residential Treatment• Therapeutic Community 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • 8. Examples of Treatment ModelsMethadone Treatment Therapeutic Community• Administered orally • 18-24 month program• Longer lasting effects • High end offenders• Combines in-patient and • Rigidly structured environment outpatient care • Uses peer pressure and• Monitored through testing confrontation • Focuses on re-socialization 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • 9. Effectiveness of Drug Treatment• Non-prison treatment seven times more effective than punitive sentencing• Two to three times more effective than traditional shorter sentences (1996 Rand Study) 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • 10. Substance Abuse and Crime Prevention Act of 2000 (Proposition 36)• Passed by 61% of California voters• Mandated new approach to treatment of substance abusers on probation and parole• Prioritized treatment over incarceration 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • 11. Key Terms: Substance Abuse• Drug of Choice • Psychological dependence• Poly drug user • Physiological dependence• Substance abuse • comorbidity• Substance dependence• Detoxification• Tolerance 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013

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