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12. effective juvenile justice intervention
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12. effective juvenile justice intervention

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CJCJ's Executive Director Daniel Macallair, is a practitioner-in-residence at San Francisco State University (SFSU)'s Department of Criminal Justice Studies. These slides are from his Juvenile Justice ...

CJCJ's Executive Director Daniel Macallair, is a practitioner-in-residence at San Francisco State University (SFSU)'s Department of Criminal Justice Studies. These slides are from his Juvenile Justice course materials.

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12. effective juvenile justice intervention 12. effective juvenile justice intervention Presentation Transcript

  • EFFECTIVE INTERVENTION IN THE JUVENILE SYSTEM MAXIMIZING POTENTIAL SUCCESS 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • Effective Juvenile Justice Programs: What the Research Says Focus limited resources on the highest risk youths. Resources applied to low-risk cases will have small effects and is not cost-effective Programs that take a therapeutic approach to changing behavior by focusing on constructive personal development yield the best results. 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • Goals of Effective Juvenile Justice Intervention Rehabilitation Reintegration Sustainability 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • Positive Youth DevelopmentA 21st Century Approach to Intervention 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • Principles of Positive Youth Development• Strives to enhance individual and community capacities• Youths exercise meaningful decision making over their programs• Strives to eliminate racial/ethnic, gender, disability, sexual orientation and class barriers to treatment• Emphasis is placed on building ties to community-based organizations• Emphasis is on changing the youths environment in which youths live along with changing youths.• Combines challenging learning activities while allowing for recreational needs• Provides youth opportunity to serve their community• Provides the necessary skill building to achieve lifelong employment 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • PYD Through a Model Juvenile Justice System of Care COMMUNITY BASED PROGRAMMING COORDINATED CONTINUUM OF CARE UNCONDITIONAL CARE NORMALIZATION INDIVIDUALIZED PROGRAMMING FLEXIBLE FUNDING AFTERCARE AND FOLLOW-UP 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • Case Planning for Effective Interventions Identifying Strengths and Risks 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • Strength-based factors in intervention planning Stable family relationships Stable family income Presence of responsible extended family Demonstrates academic interest or promise Stable neighborhood Non-delinquent peers No drug use No gang involvement Vocational interest 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • Risk-based factors in intervention planning Unstable and dysfunctional family Few positive extended family relationships High crime neighborhood Gang involvement Delinquent identity No stable financial support School drop out Sees little hope for the future Moderate to serious substance abuse Long term pattern of delinquent behavior 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • COMMON PRE-ADJUDICATION INTERVENTIONS  DAY REPORTING INFORMAL PROBATION  TEMPORARY FOSTER DIVERSION CARE  NON-SECURE SHETER DETENTION HOME DIVERSION ADVOCACY  STAFF SECURE SHELTER HOME SUPERVISED HOME DETENTION  SECURE DETENTION 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • Post Disposition Interventions FORMAL PROBATION SUPERVISION  DAY TREATMENT RESTORATIVE JUSTICE  INDEPENDENT LIVING VOLUNTEER MENTORING  SPECIALIZED FOSTER CARE FAMILY COUNSELING  NONSECURE RESIDENTIAL CARE EDUCATION/VOCATIONAL TRAINING/ON-THE-JOB  STAFF SECURE RESIDENTIAL TRAINING TREATMENT STRESS/CHALLENGE  SECURE TREATMENT (no more EXPERIENTIAL EDUCATION than 20 beds per living unit) INTENSIVE CASE MANAGEMENT 40 Boardman Place WRAPAROUND SERVICES www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • CASE MANAGEMENT PROCESS Case ManagerAssessment Case Planning Referral Monitoring Evaluation Day Mentoring Treatment Service Youth Family Counseling Vocational Training 30-Day Experiential Education Challenge program 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • CONTINUUM OF SERVICESSecure Staff secure Non secure Independent Wraparound Home UnsupervisedFacility facility residential living aftercare supervision release facility 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • Iatrogenic Effect• The terms iatrogenesis and iatrogenic artifact refers to inadvertent adverse effects or complications caused by or resulting from medical treatment or advice. In addition to harmful consequences of actions by physicians, iatrogenesis can also refer to actions by other healthcare professionals, such as psychologists, therapists, pharmacists, nurses, dentists, and others, traditional and non-traditional.•• Source: Merriam Webster Online• www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary /iatrogenesis 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • Goals of Secure Treatment Stabilization Treatment Behavioral change/Reduced Aggression Aftercare planning Aftercare follow-up 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • The relationship between living unit populations and the development of institutional subcultures Number of Living Unit Residents Possible Relationship Pairings 10 45 20 190 40 780 60 1770 80 3160 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • Components of Effective Secure Services• Integrated services/treatment that include:Secure DesignStaff to Youth Ratio 1:3Maximum Living Unit Population = 20 youths or lessEducation ProgramVocational ProgramRecreational ProgramPsychiatric ServicesTherapeutic CounselingFamily Involvement 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • Residential Care• Located in residential area• Utilizes community resources• Normalized environment• Subject to state licensing and inspections• Houses delinquent and non- delinquent youth• No locked doors, mechanical restraints, or isolation rooms 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • Independent Living Program• Youth who are 18-21 and have no place to live• Provides subsidized housing• Provides supportive case management and services• Provides a bridge to long term independence• Prevents homelessness 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • Day Treatment Program• Highest level of community support outside of residential treatment• Operates at least 8-10 hours per day• Provides full range of educational services• Offers range of mental health services• Family counseling• Vocational training• Recreational activities• 3 meals a day• Transportation 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • Wraparound ServicesPrinciples of WRAP: Family voice and choice Team-based Natural Supports. Collaboration Community-based Culturally Competent Individualized Strengths based Persistence Outcome based 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • Measuring SuccessDetermining the most effective interventions 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • Evidence Informed Practice• Ability to assess actual risk/needs• Ability to enhance intrinsic motivation• Ability to target interventions, based on:  Risk principle: prioritize supervision and treatment resources for higher risk offenders  Needs Principle: Target interventions to criminogenic needs  Responsivity Principle: Be responsive to temperament, learning style, motivation, culture, and gender when assigning programs  Dosage: Structure 40-70% of high-risk offenders’ time for 3-9 months  Treatment: Integrate treatment into the full sentence/sanctions requirements 40 Boardman Place DOJ EVIDENCE BASED PRACTICE IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  • EVIDENCE BASED PRACTICE IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM Ability to train in proper practice Ability to increase positive reinforcement Ability to engage in ongoing support in clients’ communities Ability to measure relevant processes/practices Ability to provide measurement and feedback 40 Boardman Place www.cjcj.org San Francisco, CA 94103 © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013