11. 21st century juvenile justice reform

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CJCJ's Executive Director Daniel Macallair, is a practitioner-in-residence at San Francisco State University (SFSU)'s Department of Criminal Justice Studies. These slides are from his Intervention Policies in Juvenile Justice course materials.

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11. 21st century juvenile justice reform

  1. 1. 21st Century Juvenile Justice Reform Strategies for reducing institutional confinement 40 Boardman Place San Francisco, CA 94103 www.cjcj.org © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  2. 2. Homer Folks Critique of the American Reform School (1891) • The Temptation it offers to parents and guardians to throw off their most scared responsibilities • The contaminating influence of association • The enduring stigma of having been committed • …renders impossible the study and treatment of each child as an individual • The great dissimilarity between life in an institution and life outside 40 Boardman Place San Francisco, CA 94103 www.cjcj.org © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  3. 3. Strategies for Reducing Institutional Confinement • Decarceration: An intentional process to reduce secure confinement through shorter sentences, expanded use of alternative sentencing, and policy directives. • Deinstitutionalization: Any effort to reduce the population of institutions or to reduce the processes that create dependency on institutional environments. Source: Butts and Evans 40 Boardman Place San Francisco, CA 94103 www.cjcj.org © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  4. 4. Reasons for Reliance on Secure Confinement • Incapacitation • Retribution • Convenience • Isomorphism Source: Butts and Evans 40 Boardman Place San Francisco, CA 94103 www.cjcj.org © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  5. 5. 3 Models for Juvenile Justice Reform • Resolution Models • Reinvestment Models • Realignment Models Source: Butts and Evans 40 Boardman Place San Francisco, CA 94103 www.cjcj.org © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013
  6. 6. Resolution, Reinvestment, and Realignment: Three Strategies for Changing Juvenile Justice By Jeffrey A. Butts and Douglas N. Evans John Jay College of Criminal Justice 40 Boardman Place San Francisco, CA 94103 www.cjcj.org © Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice 2013

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