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Potential for profitable wheat production in Rwanda

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By I.Habarurema*, A.Hategekimana, A.Musabyisoni, G.Gumisiriza, M.A.Ingabire, M.Uwamahoro, A.Kayumba, and G.Nshimyimana …

By I.Habarurema*, A.Hategekimana, A.Musabyisoni, G.Gumisiriza, M.A.Ingabire, M.Uwamahoro, A.Kayumba, and G.Nshimyimana
*Corresponding author: ihabarurema@yahoo.com


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  • 1. POTENTIAL FOR PROFITABLE WHEAT PRODUCTION IN RWANDA I.Habarurema1, A.Hategekimana1, A. Musabyisoni1, G. Gumisiriza1, M. A. Ingabire1, M. Uwamahoro1, A. Kayumba1, and G. Nshimyimana1 1Rwanda Agriculture Board (RAB) - Northern Agriculture Zone Division (NAZD), P.O Box 73, Musanze, RwandaIntroduction StrategiesClimatic conditions and generally fertile soils are conducive to grow wheat (1) Consolidation of land use (fig. 2);crop in Rwanda. However, low use of appropriate inputs (fig.1) and low (2) Facilitation in supply of agricultural inputs: improved seed,knowledge on grain production and post-harvest management practices have fertilizers and pesticides imported and distributed at subsidizedbeen the major constraints to wheat productivity, and subsequently to income price of 50% ;of small-holder farm households and food security in Rwanda. Efforts made (3) Provision of extension services;by the Government of Rwanda since 2007 have revealed the potential to (4) Improvement of post-harvest handling & storage mechanisms.improve wheat productivity and therefore achieve food security through theCrop Intensification Program (CIP). Moreover, increased quality wheatproduction will benefit local millers that currently rely mostly on imported Achievements since 2007wheat grain. 1.Wheat production has increased from approximately 24,000 t in 2007 to 158,975 t in 2012 (Fig.3); 2. Land area allocated to wheat shifted from 24,000 ha in 2007 to 75000 ha in 2012 (Fig.2); 3. Grain yield increased from 0.9 t/ha in 2007 to 2.1 t/ha in 2012. 4. Increased use of improved wheat seed at 46.3%; 5. Increase in national average fertilizer use from 8kg/ha in 2008 to 23kg/ha in 2010. Production (t) Land covered (ha) 180000 160000 Production (t) 140000Fig. 1. Impact of low vs. high organic manure in wheat field 120000 100000Programs’ objectives 80000(1) Improve the access and effective utilization of the agricultural inputs; 60000(2) Focus on the AEZ suitable to wheat crop production to ensure food 40000 security and income increase at household level;(3) Strengthen the linkages of smallholders to market for inputs and 20000 outputs through improved access to finance and market information; 0(4) Minimize the post harvest losses and facilitate linkages to upstream 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 of the value chain through improved storage ;(5) Discouraging supply to focusing on the demand for inputs by Year farmers and market-driven forces within the system Fig.3. Trends of grain wheat production in Rwanda Way forward 1. Developing and promoting appropriate wheat varieties to reduce foreign currency expenditure on seed imports; 2. Continuously enhancing linkages among all stakeholders involved in wheat production; 3. Moving from a traditional hoe to a mechanized agriculture and irrigation systems while conserving soil fertility; 4. Strengthening farmers/farmer groups’ access to wheat seed quality through community-based seed production; 5. Progressively exiting from subsidy program while ensuring the initial purpose of subsidies are achieved. Contact Innocent Habarurema Rwanda Agriculture Board (RAB) P. O. Box 5016, Kigali, Rwanda Cell phone: (+250)784166177Fig. 2. Land consolidated for wheat production in highlands of Rwanda E mail: ihabarurema@yahoo.com