Intellectual Property, Innovation and Food Security

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Presentation by Mr. Rolf Jördens (WIPO, Switzerland) at Wheat for Food Security in Africa conference, Oct 9, 2012, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Presentation by Mr. Rolf Jördens (WIPO, Switzerland) at Wheat for Food Security in Africa conference, Oct 9, 2012, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

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  • 1. Intellectual Property, Innovation andFood SecurityPresentation at a Science and Policy Dialogue onWheat for Food Security in AfricaAddis Ababa, October 8 to 12, 2012Rolf Jördens, Special Advisor, WIPO, Geneva
  • 2. WIPO’s Mission The UN specialized Agency responsible for Intellectual Property The Development Agenda Innovation and Global Challenges: Health Climate Change Food Security
  • 3. Food security: The challenge Wholistic The pieces of the puzzle are widely scattered Incentives and aligning interests Exploring the role of IP Activating the potential of IP Creating the right policy environment
  • 4. IP is part of enabling environment UPOV Impact Study 2005 http://www.upov.int/export/sites/upov/about/en/pdf/353_upov_report.pdf Second World Seed Conference 2009 http://www.upov.int/export/sites/upov/about/en/pdf/354_seed_conf.pdf more investment in breeding (national and foreign) more breeders (public and private) access to foreign germplasm incentives for national breeders (“breeder‘s exemption“) more varieties better varieties greater choice for farmers research-extension-farmer linkage benefits for society
  • 5. Steps so far Seminar: Private and the Public Sectors: Enhancing Agricultural Productivity - June 2011 http://www.wipo.int/freepublications/en/global_challenges/1027/wipo_pub_10 27.pdf Meeting of potential partners – Geneva, May 2012 Results: Potential partners identified themselves Potential partners identified wheat as a crop of mutual interest East Africa (United Republic of Tanzania) identified as an area where joint action might be possible
  • 6. Key challengesValue creation (better varieties, improved production andmarketing systems, improved quality of end product)Value protection = IP rights such as PVP (for new varieties),patents (e.g. for crop protection chemistry, othertechnological inventions), trade marks, geographical indic.Value capture : improved inputs, more effective wheatproduction systems and sale of a better product lead toprofits for farmers; high quality end products are beneficalfor consumers and, therefore, an incentive for effectivecommercializationValue sharing: adaqute economic compensation for allcontributors (including providers of advice and services) toencourage sustainable investment
  • 7. What’s next A case study „The Role of IP for Sustainable Wheat Production in East Africa“ Active exchange of ideas and best practice Expected outcomes: A horizon scan of existing and potential actors in the field (administrators, breeders - public and private, seed providers, agronomists, technology providers, farmers, traders, end users) An assessment of existing and potential activity addressing wheat related innovation in East Africa The initiation of IP relevant collaboration between public and private partners focused on wheat production in East Africa Better understanding the role of balanced IP systems
  • 8. Reflections Project is at a preliminary stage, programming (adaquate scope, structure, management and funding) is going on Launch expected for early 2013, duration 5 years Some comments from the work so far: Policy environment („food security“) favourable Serious attempts to use IP (Governments, CGIAR) Various important initiatives (Addis Conference, seed companies) Focus is important (IP, wheat, East Africa) Enthusiasm from both public and private sector partners (Government, research, breeding, trade, farmers)
  • 9. Thank you!Rolf JördensSpecial AdvisorGlobal Issues Sector of WIPOGeneva, SwitzerlandTel.: +22 338 9155rolf.joerdens@wipo.int