Food security and Livelihood       Surabhi Mittal
• Improved inputs               (fertilizers, pesticides, seeds, ir 1960’s-       rigation)  Green      • Main gains in ir...
Why Food Security?Global Food Inflation                        Competitive protectionism-                        Export ba...
INDIAN AGRICULTURE     Goal     • Food Security     • Self Sufficiency and       Sustainability     Dynamics of the sector...
Food SecurityFood Availability        Food Access  (Macro level)        (Household Level)               Four PillarsFood U...
Issues under Food Security  Sectoral    • Declining share of agriculture sector in GDP              • Low agricultural gro...
Incidence of Poverty and Food                                               insecurity                                    ...
Constraints – Food Security                   Poor targeting & In-accessibleCash Vs. Stocks           Transportation      ...
Where are we stuck?Policy Dilemmas        Political Economy      Increased    production vs           India – Pakistan    ...
Proposed solutions                                                                • Suggested by SAARC                    ...
Ensuring Food SecurityThe Regions needs to adopt an     integrated strategy        encompassing                           ...
Major Issues and Challenges                 Irrigation                Horticulture     Efficient                          ...
Investment in Agriculture            45000            40000            35000            30000Rs. Crore            25000   ...
Rationale of Track IITrack II are non-official dialogue but are expected to serve as aparallel to government process to st...
Food security- Track IIHelps better linkages between agricultural research andtechnology-transfer track two has largely ev...
Move towardsAn organized and planned agricultural production and marketing                 Farmer as the entrepreneur     ...
Thank you!!              mittal_surabhi75@yahoo.com
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Pondicherry kas-surabhi

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Pondicherry kas-surabhi

  1. 1. Food security and Livelihood Surabhi Mittal
  2. 2. • Improved inputs (fertilizers, pesticides, seeds, ir 1960’s- rigation) Green • Main gains in irrigated region • Achieved goal of food securityRevolution and self sufficiency • Not inclusive
  3. 3. Why Food Security?Global Food Inflation Competitive protectionism- Export bans, Increased Tariffs Reports of hoardings and cartels Current Food inflation in India in double digit
  4. 4. INDIAN AGRICULTURE Goal • Food Security • Self Sufficiency and Sustainability Dynamics of the sector • Rainfall and climate change • Changing cropping pattern • Poor natural resource management
  5. 5. Food SecurityFood Availability Food Access (Macro level) (Household Level) Four PillarsFood Utilization Food (Individual level) Vulnerability
  6. 6. Issues under Food Security Sectoral • Declining share of agriculture sector in GDP • Low agricultural growth rates Trends • Increase ‘Food Inflation’ Sectors • Area shifting and declining productivity • High dependence on the sector for livelihoodComposition • Increasing per capita demand • High poverty headcount Indicators • Increasing number of undernourished population
  7. 7. Incidence of Poverty and Food insecurity Poverty headcount Undernourishment 49.8 50 42 40 Per cent of Population 30 32.6 28.6 30 24 25 22 20 17 20 10 10 0 Bangladesh India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri LankaSource: Food and Agriculture Organization
  8. 8. Constraints – Food Security Poor targeting & In-accessibleCash Vs. Stocks Transportation Infrastructure High administrative cost Buffer Stock management Poor supply responseLow productivity Price Policy Input availability
  9. 9. Where are we stuck?Policy Dilemmas Political Economy Increased production vs India – Pakistan better income Formation of farmer Subsidy vs. cooperative and Investments private investments Small operational Track II- Institutional holdings Vs. linkages Mechanisation
  10. 10. Proposed solutions • Suggested by SAARC • Problems in making it operational Food Bank ? Regional Cooperation• Technology Transfer• Extension and Management• Seed bank Role of • Promote inter-regional trade Trade • Integrating with the world market • Liberalise South Asian Agriculture • Reduce tariff and non-tariff barriers • Do away with ad-hoc policies
  11. 11. Ensuring Food SecurityThe Regions needs to adopt an integrated strategy encompassing collaboration expanded Increased within South social safety domestic Asian countries netproduction to revisit trade programmes policies
  12. 12. Major Issues and Challenges Irrigation Horticulture Efficient Credit and GovernmentProductivity and Water and agro- Supply Chain Insurance Intervention Management processing Management
  13. 13. Investment in Agriculture 45000 40000 35000 30000Rs. Crore 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 Public Private
  14. 14. Rationale of Track IITrack II are non-official dialogue but are expected to serve as aparallel to government process to strengthen the programsNetworking at government level, people level and business levelIncreased representations from academics, NGO’s, businesscommunity and government will help to generate• political will• better information to policy makers• creating wide policy opinions.
  15. 15. Food security- Track IIHelps better linkages between agricultural research andtechnology-transfer track two has largely evolved as a mechanism of general exchange of thoughts, views and policy opinions. the awareness and the participation of under representation groups get broadened
  16. 16. Move towardsAn organized and planned agricultural production and marketing Farmer as the entrepreneur Partnership among all stake holders Government role as implementation of policies and constant evaluation Increase investment and prioritize areas of investment
  17. 17. Thank you!! mittal_surabhi75@yahoo.com

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