Welcome to the Remote Sensing – Beyond Images Workshop


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Remote sensing –Beyond images
Mexico 14-15 December 2013

The workshop was organized by CIMMYT Global Conservation Agriculture Program (GCAP) and funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), the Mexican Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA), the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), CGIAR Research Program on Maize, the Cereal System Initiative for South Asia (CSISA) and the Sustainable Modernization of the Traditional Agriculture (MasAgro)

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Welcome to the Remote Sensing – Beyond Images Workshop

  1. 1. Welcome to the Remote Sensing – Beyond Images Workshop Dr. Thomas Lumpkin Hotel Sevilla, Mexico City 14th December 2013
  2. 2. What makes CIMMYT Unique? Historical Legacy Germplasm Bank World-Class Scientists and Committed Personnel Global Network of Partners Impact in Farmer’s Field
  3. 3. Mission Sustainably increase the productivity of maize and wheat systems for global food security and poverty reduction
  4. 4. CIMMYT Through Time OSS develops highyield, diseaseresistant, semi-dwarf wheat and shuttle breeding 1940s Norman Borlaug is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize 1950s 1970s The Office of Special Studies (OSS) is created 1960s The Green Revolution in India and Pakistan CIMMYT is officially founded CIMMYT scientists win the World Food Prize 1980s/1990s The WellhausenAnderson Plant Genetic Resources Center opens 2000s 2010s MasAgro and BISA launch
  5. 5. CIMMYT Varieties are Grown ALL Over the World
  6. 6. Why CIMMYT? Climat e change Wat er, nut rient & energy scarcit y World-wide average yield (t ons ha-1 ) Diseases Agronomy Breeding Year Projected demand by 2050 (FAO) Linear extrapolations of current trends Potential effect of climatechange-induced heat stress on today’s cultivars (intermediate CO2 emission scenario)
  7. 7. Challenges for Smallholder Farmers Climate change drought, flooding, extreme events Biotic stresses Water & Nutrients New diseases/insects/ weeds and epidemics Ground and surface water fertilizer cost; imbalanced use Soils Degraded, eroded, saline nutrient depletion
  8. 8. How Can Remote Sensing Tackle These Challenges?
  9. 9. Application of Remote Sensing • Pest/disease monitoring • Plant/soil water & nutrients • Climate change monitoring • Phenotyping of genetic resources • Biomass/yield prediction • Farmer behavior/efficiency • Decision Support Systems
  10. 10. Airborne Remote Sensing Platform for High Throughput Phenotyping • Fast, non-destructive screening over large areas. • Avoids temporal variation associated with ground based measurements. • Higher spatial resolution compared with satellite imagery.
  11. 11. Phenotyping under Managed Stress Environments is Key to Successful Product Development Cornell’s GBS Platform is an integral part of CIMMYT’s molecular breeding efforts.
  12. 12. High-throughput Field Phenotyping using SkyWalker SkyWalker, a customized UAV under testing in CIMMYT-Harare Station SkyWalker allows (a) thermal and (b) multispectral images to be captured across a field block within minutes. (Images courtesy: Pablo J. Zarco-Tejada, CSICI)
  13. 13. Precision Agriculture and Nitrogen Use
  14. 14. Public –Private Partnerships Are Key!
  15. 15. World Cereal Production–Areas Saved Through Improved Technology, 1950-2000 1,80 0 Million hectares 1,40 0 CEREAL PRODUCTION 1950 650 million t 2000 1,900 million t LAND SPARED 1.1 billion ha 1,00 0 600 LAND USED 660 million ha 200 1950 Borlaug, 2004 1960 1970 1980 1990 Source: FAO Production Yearbooks and AGROSTAT 2000