Delivering information products to small-scale farmers: IRRI's experience with the Crop Manager

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Remote sensing –Beyond images …

Remote sensing –Beyond images
Mexico 14-15 December 2013

The workshop was organized by CIMMYT Global Conservation Agriculture Program (GCAP) and funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), the Mexican Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA), the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), CGIAR Research Program on Maize, the Cereal System Initiative for South Asia (CSISA) and the Sustainable Modernization of the Traditional Agriculture (MasAgro)

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  • 1. Delivering information products to small-scale farmers: IRRI's experience with the Crop Manager Roland J. Buresh, Rowena Castillo, and Marco van den Berg International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Philippines Remote Sensing Workshop CIMMYT, Mexico City 14-15 December 2013
  • 2. Farming on small land holdings is often associated with high spatial and temporal variations Variations are common in • Crop management • Risks of flood and drought • Soil fertility • Financial resources of farmers • Access to new technologies Need cost effective ways to • Provide farmers with ‘actionable’ information matching their specific needs
  • 3. Our objective Develop computer- and smartphone-based tools for providing small-scale farmers of rice, maize, and wheat with customized, field-specific crop and nutrient management guidelines. Our approach • Use best available science to develop tools. • Verify and release through national agricultural research and extension systems. • Ensure availability for wide-scale use across public and private sectors and civil society organizations.
  • 4. IRRI developed Nutrient Manager for Rice to provide rice farmers with ‘precise’ fertilizer management practices • Uses scientific principles of site-specific nutrient management (SSNM) • Aims to increase income of farmer by US$100 per ha per crop • Provides customized recommendation for a farmer’s field through mobile phone or computer Partners and users requested a tool providing more than nutrient management
  • 5. Nutrient Manager for Rice was upgraded Rice Crop Manager Released nationwide in the Philippines and Bangladesh in 2013 through the national agricultural research and extension systems http://webapps.irri.org/ph/rcm http://webapps.irri.org/bd/rcm Indonesia – Nationwide release expected in early 2014
  • 6. Crop Manager is under development and testing for a number of countries Beta versions now undergoing field testing in South Asia • Rice–wheat in Bihar and eastern Uttar Pradesh • Maize in Bangladesh • Rice in Odisha Maize for Bihar and Odisha will be developed and tested in 2014
  • 7. Operation of Crop Manager Smartphone Personal computer User interface: Obtain information from farmer Cloud based server Crop Manager model • Variety traits • Statistics on rice yields • Variety- and managementadjusted yield targets • Nutrient management calculator • Decision making calculator for crop management Actionable advice Databases and spatial information Printed guidelines Image on Smartphone SMS
  • 8. 1. User interface: Obtain information from farmer An extension worker, crop advisor, or service provider interviews a farmer. Information from interview • Location • Variety • Field size • Sowing/planting date • Past yield • Soil characteristic • Landscape position • Residue management • Irrigation use
  • 9. 2. Calculate customized recommendation Smartphone Personal computer User interface: Obtain information from farmer Cloud based server Crop Manager model • Nutrient management calculator • Decision making calculator for crop management Databases and spatial information • Variety traits • Statistics on rice yields • Variety- and managementadjusted yield targets After the interview, collected information is transmitted to ‘model’ residing on a cloud based server and interfaced with databases and spatial information.
  • 10. 3. Actionable advice Recommendations provided to farmers through printouts and mobile phones. • Nutrient management - Source, rates, and times for field size - N timing adjusted for water availability • Crop establishment - Seed source - Seed rate • Crop protection - Weed management - Insect management • Irrigation
  • 11. Greatest uncertainties with information from farmer interview Information from interview • Location • Variety • Field size • Sowing/planting date • Past yield • Soil characteristic • Landscape position • Residue management • Irrigation use Crop yields and field sizes provided by farmers are often inaccurate Valuable information needed from sources in addition to a farmer: •Target yield for upcoming season •Field size
  • 12. Future development of Crop Manager Smartphone Personal computer User interface: Obtain information from farmer Cloud based server Databases and spatial information Climate adaptation and GHG calculators • Variety traits • Statistics on rice yields • Variety- and managementadjusted yield targets • Climate-adjusted yield targets • Within-season crop performance and weather associated risks Crop Manager model • Nutrient management calculator • Decision making calculator for crop management Actionable advice Printed guidelines Image on Smartphone SMS
  • 13. Process of providing advice to farmers Interview farmer before season Climate-adjusted yield targets Pre-season recommendation Within-season crop performance and weather associated risks SMS or voice messaging service Cropping season
  • 14. Future opportunities • Use climate-and management-adjusted yield targets, for enhancing pre-season recommendations • Use within-season information on crop performance and weather associated risks, for enhancing withinseason adjustments in management • Use remote sensing to verify field sizes, for enhancing use efficiencies of inputs