Dr. Daphrose GahakwaRwanda Agriculture Board (RAB)
Red: High Lands (1700 - 2300 M)Green : Mid Altit .(1400 – 1700M)Yellow : Low Land (1000 – 1400 M)
 wheat   is produced at 1,900-2,500masl Allwheat is produced by small scale farmers Wheat   area is rapidly increasing
180000                 160000                 140000                 120000Production (t)                 100000          ...
 Policy   Incentives (CIP) Land   Consolidation Useof improved varieties and other agronomic practices
Land consolidationEasier distribution of farm inputsEasier provision of Extension servicesEasier Crop Marketing
 Total   grain production about 160,000 MT Not   all goes to formal flour milling About    30-40% consumed at home Abo...
Attempts to increase supply-Interest ofboth Government and Private Sector               Options:            Increase land...
Yellow rust   Stem rust   Powdery mildew
Chnootriba similis
   Improve - Baking quality through breeding            - Post harvest handling   More of what is locally produced is at...
Hard Versus Soft Wheat   Hard Wheat = Winter wheat, planted in Autumn,    harvested in Summer (7-8 months, in Temperate a...
- Increased productivity expanded to new areas; - Develop higher yielding varieties with better baking    qualities - Stre...
- CIMMYT and Regional research institutions. These  institutions are the main source of quality wheat  germplasm- Wheat re...
Thank You for your kind attention        Amasegnalu-u
The Current State and Trends of Wheat Production in Rwanda
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The Current State and Trends of Wheat Production in Rwanda

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Presentation by Dr. Daphrose Gahakwa (RAB, Rwanda) at Wheat for Food Security in Africa conference, Oct 9, 2012, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

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The Current State and Trends of Wheat Production in Rwanda

  1. 1. Dr. Daphrose GahakwaRwanda Agriculture Board (RAB)
  2. 2. Red: High Lands (1700 - 2300 M)Green : Mid Altit .(1400 – 1700M)Yellow : Low Land (1000 – 1400 M)
  3. 3.  wheat is produced at 1,900-2,500masl Allwheat is produced by small scale farmers Wheat area is rapidly increasing
  4. 4. 180000 160000 140000 120000Production (t) 100000 Production (t) 80000 Land covered (ha) 60000 40000 20000 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Year
  5. 5.  Policy Incentives (CIP) Land Consolidation Useof improved varieties and other agronomic practices
  6. 6. Land consolidationEasier distribution of farm inputsEasier provision of Extension servicesEasier Crop Marketing
  7. 7.  Total grain production about 160,000 MT Not all goes to formal flour milling About 30-40% consumed at home About 15,000 MT imported annually
  8. 8. Attempts to increase supply-Interest ofboth Government and Private Sector Options:  Increase land under wheat  Increase productivity/unit area
  9. 9. Yellow rust Stem rust Powdery mildew
  10. 10. Chnootriba similis
  11. 11.  Improve - Baking quality through breeding - Post harvest handling More of what is locally produced is attractive to millers
  12. 12. Hard Versus Soft Wheat Hard Wheat = Winter wheat, planted in Autumn, harvested in Summer (7-8 months, in Temperate areas) Higher protein (Gluten content) Rwanda only grows soft wheat Imports small quantities of hard wheat for blending to improve flour quality
  13. 13. - Increased productivity expanded to new areas; - Develop higher yielding varieties with better baking qualities - Strengthen wheat research capacity - Mobilize resources for wheat research - Strengthen regional and international collaboration - Improve post harvest handling - develop climate smart varieties - Acquire and test diverse germplasm- Take advantage of EAAPP
  14. 14. - CIMMYT and Regional research institutions. These institutions are the main source of quality wheat germplasm- Wheat research is exclusively supported by the Government of Rwanda
  15. 15. Thank You for your kind attention Amasegnalu-u
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