The Cultural Connections of Urban and Periurban Indigenous Communities to Tropical Forest through Bushmeat Networks in Leticia (Colombia)

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This presentation by Blanca Yagüe, Nathalie van Vliet, Daniel Cruz and Maytik Avirama Pavón will answer the following questions: …

This presentation by Blanca Yagüe, Nathalie van Vliet, Daniel Cruz and Maytik Avirama Pavón will answer the following questions:

Will indigenous families still consume forest products in urban contexts?
What role do forest products have in urban and periurban indigenous households?
How do forest products link these people to the forest?

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  • 1. The Cultural Connections of Urban and Periurban Indigenous Communities to Tropical Forest through Bushmeat Networks in Leticia (Colombia) Blanca Yagüe, Nathalie van Vliet, Daniel Cruz, Maytik Avirama Pavón
  • 2. Food from the forest... … and from the market Amazonian inhabitants had originally obtain their food from th forest and the rivers Nowadays, the region is under intense transformation: huge extractive projects, migration and urbanization, access to new markets, globalization... Major impact in indigenous populations
  • 3. Global value chains: industrialized products from all around the world Food transition How are food habits changing in the Amazon?
  • 4. Our research questions are: Indigenous families still consume forest products in urban contexts? What role do forest products have in urban and periurban indigenous households? How do forest products link these people to the forest?
  • 5. Bushmeat as a model • Food security - Nutrition: source of protein - “Safety Net” • Economic resource: contributes to household income • Social and cultural implications - Traditional foods and rituals - Local knowledge of territory and resources - Social relationships Important multifuntional role in indigenous communities:
  • 6. Leticia: a city in the Amazon tri-frontier - 38000 inhabitants - migration: colonos and urban indigenous - connected by river and daily flights
  • 7. Methods Ethnography Participant observation Interviews Network building (GenoPro)
  • 8. Household 1 • 14 members (5 females, 9 males) • Ocaina-uitoto • Periurban indigenous community (Leticia) • Chagra and garden • Pluriactivity • Hunter
  • 9. Household 2 • 5 members (1 female, 4 males) • Muninane, miraña • Urban area Leticia (maloca CAPUIL)• Politically active • Urban chagra • Traditional medicine • Pluriactivity
  • 10. Household 3 • 7 members (5 female, 2 males) • Cocama – non indigenous • Urban area (Leticia)  Relationship with community of origin  Chagra
  • 11. Household Main place where bushmeat is shared, exchanged and consumed • Bushmeat brought directly from the forest • Preparation proccess • Cooking • Sharing with guests → Hunting tales Exchange scenarios
  • 12. Forest • Hunting activity (males) • Alone or in group • Consumption → share with companions (family, friends, tourists and scientists) Deep knowledge of the territory and its resources
  • 13. Maloca Socialization: Bring together kins and people from different ethnic groups Share of food → bushmeat Dance rituals or festivals
  • 14. Market • Sales out of the market • - by order - door by door • Monetary transition • Confidence based • Social relationships
  • 15. Restaurants and food sands • Monetary transition • Social relationships • Urban / rural • Hidden sales • Most common: paca
  • 16. Other households Less common among these families - • they offer bushmeat in their households Urban families eat bushmeat in urban and rural indigenous households
  • 17. Airport Network expands in territory and number of actors: - connection with distant territories - intermediaries Need to contend with authorities and airlines
  • 18. Type of exchange Immediate exchange Long-term exchange Meal sharing Mediated by money (buy/sale) Reciprocity
  • 19. Bushmeat networks
  • 20. Bushmeat participates in networks that connect indigenous people with: The forest The rural territories Their inhabitants What connections does the urban indigenous have with the tropical forest?
  • 21. • It means the maintenance of knowledge about the territory, forest and its resources What role does bushmeat have in urban and periurban indigenous households? • Socialization - “making kins” • Reproduction of rituals – traditional dance festivals
  • 22. WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT? - Local people: Food sovereignty - To incorporate the social and cultural dimensions of bushmeat and other forest products that play a similar role
  • 23. Acknowledgements All the photos were taken by Blanca Yagüe Special thanks to all the members of the five families that are the center of this study, and also to all the persons involved in their networks, for sharing their daily life and opening their houses and kitchens to us