Ten principles to apply at the nexus of agriculture, conservation, and other land uses
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Ten principles to apply at the nexus of agriculture, conservation, and other land uses

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There’s been little consensus on applying ‘landscape approaches’ and ‘ecosystem approaches’: general principles and guidelines have been largely missing. This presentation gives an overview ...

There’s been little consensus on applying ‘landscape approaches’ and ‘ecosystem approaches’: general principles and guidelines have been largely missing. This presentation gives an overview of work by CIFOR and partners in refining ‘landscape approaches’ and gives ten principles for a landscape approach at the nexus of agriculture, conservation, and other competing land uses. CIFOR scientist Terry Sunderland gave this presentation during Tree Diversity Day, held on 11 October 2012 at the 11th Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP11). Tree Diversity Day was organised by the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry. For more information visit www.worldagroforestry.org/crp6/events/tree-diversity-day-cbd-cop11

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Ten principles to apply at the nexus of agriculture, conservation, and other land uses Ten principles to apply at the nexus of agriculture, conservation, and other land uses Presentation Transcript

  • The landscape approach: Ten principles to apply at the nexus ofagriculture, conservation and other competing land-uses   Terry Sunderland Tree Diversity Day CBD COP, Hyderabad, India 11th October 2012
  • Shooting in the dark..?•  Large body of literature on “landscape approaches” and “ecosystem approaches” but little consensus on applicability•  General principles and guidelines have been largely missing•  However, need to avoid “one size fits all” approach•  Complex landscapes; complex challenges
  • Core challenge: different sites, different issues
  • New approaches•  Since  2008,  CIFOR  and  mul5ple  partners  working  on  defining   and  refining  broad  “landscape  approaches”  building  on   previous  ini5a5ves  •  How?  Review  of  published  literature,  mul5ple  workshops  for   consensus  building,  conferences/side  events,  e.g.  Diversitas,   IUFRO,  CBD  Bonn,  Nagoya    •  Validated  by  survey  of  field  prac55oners  •  Based  on  this  on-­‐going  work,  SBSTTA  commissioned  a  report   on  “sustainable  use  of  biodiversity  at  the  landscape   scale”  (see   hSp://www.cbd.int/doc/mee5ngs/sbsSa/sbsSa-­‐15/official/ sbsSa-­‐15-­‐13-­‐en.pdf)    
  • So, what is new? •  The  landscape  approach  has  been   re-­‐defined  to  include  societal   concerns  related  to  conserva5on   and  development  trade-­‐offs  and   nego5ate  for  them   •  Increased  integra5on  of  poverty   allevia5on  goals   •  Increased  integra5on  of  agricultural   produc5on  and  food  security   •  Emphasis  is  on  adap5ve   management,  stakeholder   involvement  and  mul5ple   objec5ves  
  • The “Ten Commandments”...?
  • Ten principles for a landscape approach•  Con5nual  learning  and  adap5ve  management  •  Common  concern  entry  point  •  Mul5ple  scales  •  Mul5-­‐func5onality  •  Mul5-­‐stakeholder  •  Nego5ated  and  transparent  change  •  Clarifica5on  of  rights  and  principles  •  Par5cipatory  and  user-­‐friendly  monitoring  •  Resilience  •  Strengthened  stakeholder  capacity  
  • What impact? •  Recommenda5on  XV/6   "sustainable  use"  from  SBSTTA   XV  (includes  work  on  bushmeat)   •  Tabled  for  adop5on  at  this  COP   by  par5es   •  Sayer  et  al:  The  landscape   approach:  ten  principles  to  apply   at  the  nexus  of  agriculture,   conserva5on  and  other   compe5ng  land  uses  [in  press]   Proceedings  of  the  Na2onal   Academy  of  Science  
  • Thanks!   THINKING beyond the canopy