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Targets, carbon stocks and deforestation reduction: Proposed benefit sharing in the Brazilian Amazon linking national and sub-national targets
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Targets, carbon stocks and deforestation reduction: Proposed benefit sharing in the Brazilian Amazon linking national and sub-national targets

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Presentation by Paulo Moutinho, Amazon Environmental Research Institute …

Presentation by Paulo Moutinho, Amazon Environmental Research Institute
Scope of the global climate agreement, Forest Day 3
Sunday, 13 December 2009
Copenhagen, Denmark

Published in Education , Technology
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  • 1. Targets, carbon stocks and deforestation reduction: Proposed benefit sharing in the Brazilian Amazon linking national and sub-national targets sub- Paulo Moutinho moutinho@ipam.org.br www.ipam.org.br Forest Day, Dec 13th 2009, Copenhagen
  • 2. BRAZIL 60% = EMISSIONS BY DEFORESTATION (~ 170 MTC/YEAR; Amazon, 2008) 40% = FOSSIL FUEL (100 MTC/YEAR, ref. 2008): > 1.9 million ha/ano ~ 68 million ha deforested 18% of the brazilian Amazon
  • 3. REDD in the Amazon/Opportunities • National Action Plan to Prevent and Control Deforestation in the Amazon (new phase, operating since 2004) • Amazon Fund, a voluntary-based mechanism that receives donations in order to compensate deforestation reduction and invest in prevention and control (58 projects submitted, 5 approved) • National Plan on Climate Change – voluntary targets for emissions reduction from deforestation in the Amazon (<80% up to 2020) • Amazon States start to develop State Plans to prevent and control Deforestation in the Amazon (4 Major states = 85% forest Cover and represents 75% of the deforestation have already announced the state plans with targets and baselines analogue to NPCC ) • National Target for emission reduction (~40% by 2020 or 17% below 2005)
  • 4. BRAZILIAN NATIONAL PLAN ON CLIMATE CHANGE Avoid emissions ~ 4.8 billion tons of 19.500 Km² CO2 between 2006 and 2020, considering a biomass carbon stock of 100 tC/ha. Reduce deforestation by 80% by 2020 Available at: http://www.mma.gov.br/estruturas/smcq_climaticas/_arquivos/executive_summary_pnmc.pdf
  • 5. Deforestation Rates (km2) in Brazilian amazonia (1988-2009) Lowest rate since 1988
  • 6. The Amazon States
  • 7. How can a fair and equitable system for sharing financial benefits works from the national REDD mechanism to sub-national sub- initiatives?
  • 8. REDD in the Amazon Changing the driving forces of deforestation Identifying activities that contribute to the maintenance of standing forests Recognition of the rights to the lands, territories and resources which IPLC have traditionally owned or occupied
  • 9. 30% Carbon Stock = 13 billionTC Source: Soares Filho, 2009, no published data Avoided Deforestation = 5 billion TC (by 2050)
  • 10. REDD in the Amazon (REDD projects ?)
  • 11. Conecting subnational to national targets Assumptions • Amazon States should commit to deforestation reduction targets in State deforestation Plan. • State targets must be consistent and integrated to the National targets proposed by NPCC • If all Amazon states adopt the same baseline method and the same criteria for defining targets, NPCC will have full compliance with its target • If all states reduce their deforestation below their respective target the country will have additionality in relation to the NPCC
  • 12. Annual rates & NPCC targets Source: Lima et al, 2009,
  • 13. Reduction Targets by Amazon States 1º período 6,000 5,511 4,698 5,000 4,527 Acre 4,440 3,735 Amapá 4,000 3,785 Amazonas 2º período 3,647 Maranhão 3,009 3,000 2,576 Mato Grosso 1,994 3º período 2,075 Pará 2,000 1,700 1,505 Rondônia 1,352 1,638 932 1,213 1,000 Roraima 545 Tocantins 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Source: Lima et al, 2009, www.ipam.org.brbiblioteca
  • 14. Mato Grosso State Targets (km2) 14000 11814 47.539 km2 12000 + desm 10405 16.935 km2 96/08 10000 = Linha de 8000 7703 64.474 km2 Base MT 7657 6543 6963 7892 PNMC/MT 7145 6000 6466 6369 4441 4441 5271 4333 PPCD/MT 4000 3259 2576 2576 2000 2678 1500 1494 1494 2000 1500 1500 870 870 0 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 1813191420152116 17 18 19 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 22 23 24 25 15.000 km2 Source: Lima et al, 2009, www.ipam.org.brbiblioteca
  • 15. Target, Stock and Emission Reduction The achievement of voluntary state target coherent and integrated to the NPCC Targets The forest stock and an estimated cost for the management of protected area in the region The effective deforestation reduction and the opportunity cost of it.
  • 16. National Plan on Climate Change And Deforestation Reduction Source: Lima et al, 2009, www.ipam.org.brbiblioteca
  • 17. Emission Reducton from 2006 to 2008 767 MtCO2 = 100% 383,5 MtCO2 = 50% Distribution of C-REDD Among States 40% Stock 30% Flow 30% Target
  • 18. Emission Reducton from 2006 to 2008 767 MtCO2 = 100% NPCC Reduction C-REDD Amazon Fund Federal Government PA MT AM RO AC MA TO RR AP IL CA PP STL Project Project A B 153,5 383,5 MtCO2 = 50% (Projects and others REDD actions) MtCO2 = 230 20% MtCO2 = 40% Stock 30% 30% Flow 30% Target Source: Lima et al, 2009, www.ipam.org.brbiblioteca
  • 19. 383,5 MtCO2 = 50% (Projects and others REDD actions) 40% Stock total 06/08 (C-REDD) 30% Flow 30% Target 7,958 20,238 23,667 6.54 % Acre 23.86 % Amazonas 36,731 6.02 % Amapá 86,352 1.48 % Maranhao 56,645 28.52 % Mato Grosso 15.65 % Pará 21,800 10.15 % Rondônia 2.20 % Roraima 5,351 103,215 5.59 % Tocantins Source: Lima et al, 2009, www.ipam.org.brbiblioteca
  • 20. REDD Scope: What is being delivered? Reference Level: How is it being measured? Distribution: Distribution Where/to whom does the money go? Financing: Where does the money come from? Environmentally effective? Economically efficient? Equitably distributed? Politically feasible? Source: Parker C. et al. 2008. The Little REDD Book
  • 21. Foto: Patrick Mcfeeley Thank you! WWW.IPAM.ORG.BR Paulo Moutinho moutinho@ipam.org.br Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazônia (IPAM)