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Sustainable timber production: Multi-stakeholder and conflict resolution models

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This presentation by Herry Purnomo from CIFOR given during the Forests Asia Summit in the discussion forum "Equitable development: Improving livelihood benefits for smallholders in the forestry value …

This presentation by Herry Purnomo from CIFOR given during the Forests Asia Summit in the discussion forum "Equitable development: Improving livelihood benefits for smallholders in the forestry value chain" focuses on different actors in the landscape influencing timber production and what conflicts they're facing. Everything is more deeply explained by examples from Sumatra, Kalimantan and Java.

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    • 1. Sustainable timber production: Multi-stakeholder and conflict resolution models Prof. Dr. Herry Purnomo Forest Asia Summit 5-6 May 2014
    • 2. Forest core Forest margin Agricultural mosaic land Agro- forrest Small-scale forests Vertical commodity value chains Horizontal pressure Market Landscape and actors Inequalities on the landscape
    • 3. • Conflict is an expressed struggle between at least two interdependent parties in achieving their goals. • Multi-stakeholder process is to bring actors together to participate in the dialogue, decision making, and implementation of solutions to common problems or goals. Wikepedia.org
    • 4. Sumatra Case • 296,400 ha acacia plantation: converted from community’s rubber and reforestation areas (1991) • Existing company-community partnership was not adequate • Land dispute: horizontal conflict • Action research: Developed Forum SEBAHU SEJALAN* to empower local communities and mediate conflict *Serasan membangun hutan sekundang sejahtera berkelanjutan
    • 5. Kalimantan Case • 130,000 ha natural forest concession: Disregarding local communities (1970) • Forest dispute: horizontal conflict • Participatory modeling: Developed common vision, agenda and action Pasir District Boundary of study area Telaga Mas concession area Gunung Lumut Protection Forest Rantau Layung & Rantau Buta villages East Kalimantan Jakarta
    • 6. Java Case • Small-scale furniture producers obtained less value added • inequality: vertical conflict • Action research: Developed Jepara small- scale furniture producer association (APKJ) to get greater value added 11,987 furniture business unit s in Jepara
    • 7. Grievance Insecurity Conflict Negotiation & peace-making Post-conflict Kalimantan case Sumatra case Java case Sabah case Palawan case The United Nations Interagency Framework Team for Preventive Action (UN-IFTPA 2012) Conflict cycle
    • 8. Conflict Recognition & Analysis Negotiation processes Collaborative Management Institutionalization Reinforcement Kalimantan case Sumatra case Java case Sabah case Palawan case Multi- stakeholder processes • Multi-stakeholder approach needs to be invested in the landscape. • Habermas’ and Ostrom’s theories were used to establish partnership and producer organization models.
    • 9. Multi-stakeholder processes • High transaction cost • May reduce your profit and land • Short term cost • Long term benefit • Seems economically irrational  • Investing landscape is not only • Tree planting • Road infrastructure • Community development
    • 10. Conclusion • Landscape horizontal and vertical inequalities can induce conflicts. • Commitment to multi- stakeholder approach is needed through actions. • It is not without cost • It is an investment for sustaining landscape
    • 11. Terima Kasih Herry Purnomo h.purnomo@cigar.org hpurnomo@ipb.ac.id

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