Strategies and Gender Frameworks: Carol’s First Tries


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Developed for a workshop on implementing gender methods and a gender analysis framework, this presentation gives practical steps and questions to help researchers think about gender issues, how gender issues may impact on a project, and how to build a framework or strategy to account for gender. This presentation was given by CIFOR scientist Carol Colfer on 9 November 2012, as part of a 3-day workshop to provide a gender framework that might help the CIFOR team and our NGO collaborators address gender more effectively.

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Strategies and Gender Frameworks: Carol’s First Tries

  1. 1. Strategies and Gender Frameworks: Carol’s First Tries CAROL J. PIERCE COLFER FOR SUSTAINABLE SULAWESI PROJECT 9 NOVEMBER 2012
  2. 2. Need to Accomplish in 3 days (or revise?) Familiarity & adaptation of gender analysis framework Discussion of/perhaps decision on (?) some gender methods suitable for team needs Thoughts about overall goals & indicators - are we reaching them Some help to pull this together into joint papers on:  our implementation of the gender framework perhaps  Second one, topic open, to be led by someone else…[I help]
  3. 3. Outline of Presentation Graphic display of gender analysis framework One pager – in words Issues by Scale – more words  Macro  Meso  Micro Intersection with Gender Strategy
  4. 4. The Gender Box
  5. 5. One Pager (Table 1) Macro Meso Micro Formal laws/policies X Cultural/religious trends X access to natural resources X norms of behaviour X access to education X access to cash X X day to day economic roles X demographic issues X domestic roles X intra-household power dynamics X available economic alternatives
  6. 6. Table 2: Gender FrameworkConsider how these factors (which actuallytranscend scales) function where you work.In what ways might they hinder or reinforce yourwork at the field level?
  7. 7. Two Issues at Macro ScaleBroadly based, global rules that affect peoples interactions with forests A. Are there formal, global laws and policies that affect local people and forests? How? B. What religious traditions, narratives of modernity or equity, or other less formal, global, intellectual forces affect local people and forests?
  8. 8. Four Issues at Meso Scale (1)Social patterns from landscape to national levels that influence peoples behaviour in relation to forests 1. How is access to resources gendered? Are there broadly accepted notions that influence land tenure, inheritance and residence? 2. What are the gendered norms of behaviour that affect peoples interactions with trees and forests (e.g. masculinity ideals, seclusion of women, witchcraft beliefs)?
  9. 9. Four Issues at Meso Scale (2)3. Are there gendered differences in access to education (both formal and informal)? How do they affect men, women and forest management differently?4. How important is cash in the regional system, and how has this affected men and women differently?
  10. 10. Five Issues at Micro Scale (1)Human behaviours from household to village levels that affect forests and peoples well being 1. How do mens and womens day to day economic roles differ - especially in terms of agriculture, forest products, livestock? 2. What gendered demographic issues affect forests and people locally (e.g., migration, population changes, birth control)? 3. What essential/valued domestic roles do men and women play, respectively, that affect their respective involvement in forests?
  11. 11. Five Issues at Micro Scale (2)4. Identifiable patterns in intra-household power dynamics? How do mens and womens interests conflict, converge? Are there bargaining strategies used by each?5. What are the features of locally available, alternative economic strategies designed to enhance peoples livelihoods, trees and forests? Differential effects on men and women?
  12. 12. Key Intersections with CRP6 Gender StrategyPrimary Outcome: Women are better empowered, and gender equality in decision making control over forest, tree and agroforestry resource use, management and benefits is improved.
  13. 13. Key Considerations Across CRP6 Research Components Knowledge, preferences and priorities reflected in identification of research topics Negative impacts identified and avoided/mitigated Differential access and ability to adopt materials, methods and knowledge accounted for in activities Equitable participation in and ability to influence decisionmaking processes enhanced